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November 8, 2017U.S. History 1877 Theme: American Governance
• Growing Size, Responsibility, Mission, and Ideology of the Federal Government in the 20th Century.
• Populist introduced the idea that the federal government needed to be more powerful as a regulatory agency in terms of the growing industrial economy and globalization of economics. However, Populists didn’t achieve it.
• The Progressives placed that idea by having those laws passed. Under Wilson and Roosevelt, there was some movement on these issues, but were rolled back in the 1920s.
• 1930s - This particular idea happened. That the federal government is a utility that can aid the lives of all Americans as well as smooth out all the busts of the market economic cycle.
• The FDR’s New Deal makes that a new consensus. It changes American minds for the core of the 20th century.
• We will discuss the New Deal Order (liberal consensus) from the 1930s to the 1960s.
New Deal Order • LBJ tries to out do, extend, and consolidate the successes and failures of FDR’s New Deal.
• It will become critiqued resulting in the American consensus changing over role, size, and responsibility of the federal government.
• Consensus of the 1950s was a set of ideas shared by Democrats under Truman and the Republicans under Eisenhower (Modern Republican).
November 8, 2017• Eisenhower introduced the idea of Modern Republicanism by saying that there is agreement in postwar prosperity. In a domestic scene, the New Deal reforms and as a result will become permanent.
• In foreign aﬀairs, there was a consensus over the containment of communism abroad.
Election of 1960 • Richard Nixon (Eisenhower’s VP) will hold up Republican’s standards and preach Republican Modernism. However, JFK (Senator) holds a democratic standard.
• There was a change of role in media especially through debate.
• JFK won in appearance on TV and Nixon won in debate on radio.
• JFK wore makeup and Nixon did not.
• Nixon did a debate sick and had not taken cold medicine. Refused to wear makeup.He came oﬀ clammy, cold, sweaty, and uncomfortable. Many saw him as someone they did not want as president.
• No ideological disagreements. Just policy disagreements. Such as when Kennedy introduces the Missile Gap. This entail that the Soviet Union has more missiles than the U.S. does. They both knew that there was a rough parody and the U.S. was still in a good place even with their relationship of nuclear arsenals. It was classified information.
• Kennedy made it seem as if the U.S. was in trouble when they truly weren’t. This put Nixon in a tough position because he could not speak out and say they weren’t because it was classified information. This made Kennedy win the debate and he later did in the election as well.
• The election was very close. The popular vote is almost exactly split. Kennedy barely wins in the electoral college. Kennedy sought it as of great importance to carry Texas. This was due to him choosing LBJ as his running mate. This balances out the ticket.
November 8, 2017• It changes partisan alignment when Bird breaks from Democratic Party and runs his own third party campaign against the Democrats who are going all in on Civil Rights. This also resulted in other whites leaving the Democratic Party for the same reasons.
• The Kennedy Family was very well known in public. Kennedy was the first running Catholic President.
Early Years of Kennedy’s Presidency • Was often known as the period of Camelot
• Build under the myth, imagery, and heraldry under the King Arthur legends.
• He represented:
• the true and good in the oﬃce.
• the stage of life for many young veterans during this time of starting families.
• he was seen as turning this new page in the American story.
• Looked often as the royal American government.
• The diﬀerence of image helped JFK adopt this as a way he presented policy.
• Kennedy named his ideas and set policies as the New Frontier.
The New Frontier • gets into the new sense of American imagination
• the sense of looking forward into the future
• the sense of a new generation
• Kennedy wanted to do it all. He believed we had the capability and resources to do so. He had optimism and agency as many did in the 1960s. They believed they could overcome tragic crisis moments.
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School: Texas State University
Course: History US to Date
Professor: Jason Mellard
Term: Fall 2017
Name: HIST 11/8
Description: Election of 1960
Camelot: The Kennedy Years
One Day in Dallas
LBJ's Legislative Agenda: War on Poverty and the Great Society
The Election of 1964 and Signs of Things to Come