THAR 201 FALL 2017 TEST FOUR STUDY GUIDE
If not in the study guide, it’s not on the test
Link to test will be available on eCampus after class on WEDNESDAY, DEC 6, and remain open until 11:59PM (one minute till midnight) on WEDNESDAY, DEC 13. THE TEST QUESTIONS WILL BE PRESENTED ONE AT A TIME, NOT ALL AT ONCE. Backtracking is permitted.
The test is timed at 150 minutes. YOU MUST COMPLETE IN ONE SITTING. If you are unexpectedly closed out of the quiz before finishing, email me. Multiple-choice, multiple-answer, True/False
• 40 questions, 5 points each, over lectures about African, Latin American and Caribbean Theatre and the work of Augusto Boal.
• 10 questions over the film "SARAFINA!"
Here are notes for Exam 4! There are also some notes over Sarafina at the end.If you want to learn more check out What is the liquid portion of the blood containing electrolytes, nutrients,
waste products, vitamins, hormones?
THE THEATRE OF AFRICA – 12 questions
• Storytelling performances consisted of both ancient and contemporary performances. • what is the job of the main performer in “spirit cult performances” -Mediums are main performers to the spirit cult form
• who is the main performer in “storytelling performances”
-ancient and contemporary
-masks and costume pieces are used
• do “simple enactments” include imitation; and if so, for what purpose -Yes, imitation is used to teach the audience
-hunting dances and spiritual
-basic form of theater
-Social, spiritual, functional
•Spirit cult performances
-similar to shamanism
-uses a medium
-Usually spoken in a spirit language
-Popular in Uganda
-Dialogue, dancing and Drinking
-Practices were brought to America during slave trade and in Brazil • which root form of African theatre focuses the most on dancing
• which root form of African theatre is most like a western play If you want to learn more check out Durchkomponiert Opera
• what kind of characters are found in early African comedies, and are they universal -Stock characters, they are universal
• what are the three stages of postcolonial drama in Africa
-develops into plays that show an uncertainty about their status and identity. -began with an indebtedness to European culture. Don't forget about the age old question of what is Fitness?
We also discuss several other topics like Who is carolus linnaeus?
-The final plays were about revolting against colonization
• what are some of the defining factors of South Africa’s “township theatre” -It started within 10 years of the formal establishment of apartheid in 1948 -uses found items, consists of actor and audience, is in the ghettos done by the government.
• during which century do we see written drama by black Africans become prominent -mid-20th century
THE THEATRE OF LATIN AMERICA – 10 questions
• where in Europe can we trace the roots of Latin American theatre -Spain
• what was the most popular form of theatre that developed in early Latin American theatre
• what section of the population was it aimed at, and why
• what is mestizo theatre
-The mixing of European and Indigenous (Taino) traditions and customs. • what are some of the defining characteristics of the zarzuela, revista, gaucho drama and cocoliches
Gaucho drama: similar to cowboy plays
Revista: In Brazil
Cocoliches: Named for the protagonist in the first play. This theatre is also known as immigration theatre
Zarzuela: Named after King Felipe’s hunting lodge. Also zarzuela is like the light opera.
THE THEATRE OF THE CARIBBEAN – 6 questions
• define Taíno and Areítos
Taino are indigenous people of Latin America, while Areitos are indigenous, theatrical performances of early Latin america.
• what differentiates the theatre of Cuba, Puerto Rico and Trinidad -Puerto Rico welcome women to theatre, unlike the others
• what are some of the ways in which the Trinidad Carnival is celebrated, and what is unique to its history
-One way it is celebrated is role reversal. The parades are unique to its history. We also discuss several other topics like Who is andreas vesalius?
AUGUSTO BOAL – BRAZIL – 12 questions
• what is the central relationship in Boal’s form of activist theatre, and what does he call it
-The central relationship is between the actors and the audience.
-He believed that conventional theatre was oppressive to the ruling class -Theatre of the Oppressed
• what is the name of Boal’s book (and organization) that presents his theories • what kind of plays did he produce
- He had scenes in which the protagonist would overcome oppression. This is relatable to the audience.
• what is the difference between Boal’s “Invisible Theatre” and “Forum Theatre” -Forum: The spect-actor transforms the audience. This lets the actor and audience trade places. Don't forget about the age old question of Oxygen and other nutrients are transported by what?
-Invisible: shows a spontaneous performance of scenes that are already prepared in a public place.
• how far has Boal’s influence spread
-His plays are not only relatable to the people within South America, it also expands to other countries.
-Sarafina (Leleti Khumalo) is a young black South African struggling for freedom during the apartheid. While she has remained relatively silent in her opposition of the racist government in her country, the movement to make the language of Afrikaans the official language in her school leads her to protest in the streets with her fellow students. Her anti-government views become even more intense when her favorite teacher (Whoopi Goldberg) is arrested for protesting.
-In the beginning of the film, the school burns down.
-Also in other languages, not just English
-The teacher killed herself
-Nelson Mandela is big part in the film. This is the person Sarafina talks to a lot in her head.