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USC - CLAS 220 - Class Notes - Week 6

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USC - CLAS 220 - Class Notes - Week 6

School: University of South Carolina
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Introduction to Classical Mythology
Professor: Osborne
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: The Nature of Gods and Greek Religion
Description: These notes are from the 6th lecture
Uploaded: 12/12/2017
0 5 3 48 Reviews
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background image The Nature of the Gods and Greek Religion Herodotus o “Father of History”- first historian First book on Persian Wars to find out why they attacked Greece “The History” 5 th  century BC o Fusion of mythic, historical, theological attitudes Croesus o King of Lydia Wealthiest man in the world Literally invented money o Meeting with Solon Solon says this dude with kids who died in battle was the 
happiest guy in the world
“Before he dies do not yet call him happy, but only fortunate” Only after you die are you able to judge happiness o Nemesis raised up against Croesus Nemesis is a god that came up when people have too much 
pride
Role of fate Role of Oracles Loss of son Loss of kingdom Thrown into a pit of fire and saved and made advisor to another 
king
Omnipresence of divine justice o Hubris/Nemesis Irresistible fate Mixture of joy and sorrow in human life Greek Mythology and Religion o Mythology is different than religion
o Diversity of Greek religion
Not unified Individual cults 2000 cults in Attica Patron deities Athena (Athens) Hera (Argos) Artemis (Ephesus) Civic Religion of the Polis o No word for “Religion” No concept of “secular” o No separation of “church and state”
o Civic functions with religious purpose
Olympic Games o Life organized around religious calendar
background image 170 annual festival days in Attica o Heroic Cults Local heroes Not immortal Acted beyond the grave o Priests and priestesses Appointed by lot, elected, purchased Different requirements for each cult Males and females in leading roles “Technicians” of the gods Did sacrifice right o Seers Recognize and interpret signs from the gods Flight of birds Dreams Weather, natural occurrences Examination of sacrificed animals Mystery religions Personal connection with deity Acceptance of doctrine o Sacrifice Officiated by priest Ritual slaughter Unblemished Throats cut Thigh bones wrapped in fat, topped with meat Offering for gods Other meat roasted Feast o Elaborate festivals Games Dramatic contests Poseidon and Athena Poseidon o Importance of Sea to Greeks
o Object of fear
Shipwrecked o Object of comfort
o Similar in appearance to Zeus
More severe and rough The Trident Chariot drawn by horses o The Earthshaker Earthquakes Surge of sea o Poseidon and Amphitrite
background image Like Zeus and Hera Jealousy of Amphitrite Scylla turned into dog-headed monster Charybdis is the child of Poseidon and Ge that is also 
turned into a sea monster
o Other notable children of Poseidon Polyphemus (A cyclops) Proteus (Old Man of the Sea) Shapeshifter Theseus o Notable descendants Pegasus Cerberus The Lernaean Hydra The Chimaera The Theban Sphinx The Nemean Lion Athena o Daughter of Zeus and Metis Zeus ate Metis Zeus had a headache so his skull was split open with an axe Born from Zeus’ skull In full battle dress Born from man, not woman o Goddess of war and wisdom Combination of highest aspects of man and woman Zeus’ favorite child o Patron goddess of Athens Contest with Poseidon Poseidon offers a salt spring Athena offers and olive tree Poseidon remains important to Athenians o Pallas Athena Tritogeneia Origins, meaning of names disputed Pallas Daughter of Triton, friend of Athena Maiden o Glaukopis Grey-eyed, shining eyed o Athena and Arachne Skilled weaver, may be compared to the gods Arachne feels better than the gods Athena has a contest and wins Arachne hangs herself but Athena turns her into a spider Hubris/Nemesis o Parthenon On Athenian acropolis

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School: University of South Carolina
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Introduction to Classical Mythology
Professor: Osborne
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: The Nature of Gods and Greek Religion
Description: These notes are from the 6th lecture
Uploaded: 12/12/2017
8 Pages 23 Views 18 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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