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TCTC - Mat 103 - MAT 103 Chapter 1D Notes - Class Notes

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TCTC - Mat 103 - MAT 103 Chapter 1D Notes - Class Notes

School: Tri-County Technical College
Department: Math
Course: Quantitative Reasoning
Professor: Stephen Ravan
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: analyzing and arguments
Name: MAT 103 Chapter 1D Notes
Description: The two basic types of arguments and how to distinguish the two.
Uploaded: 01/11/2018
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Two basic types of arguments:  Inductive Arguments: Specifics → General  (If it applies to one thing, it must apply to all 
things like it) 
Deductive Arguments: General → Specifics  (It it applies to all, it applies to each thing) ● Are inductive arguments strong? ● Are deductive arguments valid or sound (is the premise true)?  Ex. 
Premise: All politicians are married-- A senator is a politician 
Conclusion: He is married 
● This is valid because the argument follows through for this situation. It  is NOT sound because the premise won’t always be true.  Ex. 
Premise: All fish live in water -- Whales are not fish 
Conclusion: Whales don’t live in water 
● It’s invalid because the premises don’t make a true conclusion  4 Conditional Deductive Arguments (Hypotheses; if this, then that; if     p   , then     q   ) 1. If p is true, then is true -- Valid 
2. If is true, then p is true -- Invalid 
3. If p is not true, then q is not true -- Invalid 
4. If q is not true, then p is not true -- Valid 
Following these rules; If p then q and if q then r, then if then r 

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School: Tri-County Technical College
Department: Math
Course: Quantitative Reasoning
Professor: Stephen Ravan
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: analyzing and arguments
Name: MAT 103 Chapter 1D Notes
Description: The two basic types of arguments and how to distinguish the two.
Uploaded: 01/11/2018
1 Pages 35 Views 28 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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