HY103 Test 2 Study Guide
HY103 Test 2 Study Guide HY103
Popular in American History to 1877
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Michelle Azar on Saturday August 29, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HY103 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kopelson in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see American History to 1877 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 08/29/15
HY 203 Spring 12 Exam 2 Review sheet Exam 2 Study Guide HY103 TERMS Alien Naturalization and Sedition Acts 1 Alien acts gave power to elect noncitizens 2 Naturalization acts increased time that immigrants could declare citizenship 3 Sedition acts made it illegal to speak out against government Significant because it gave the gov power to surpress jeffersonians Pueblo Revolt Pueblos rose against Spanish destroying buildings killing missionaries while Spanish survivors fled to Rio Grande Significance most successful Indian uprising in American history Battle of Yorktown Washington and American troops trapped the British troops at Chesapeake Bay and forced Cornwallis to surrender 0 Significance signified the end of the revolutionary war Nat Turner s Revolt Nat Turner was a slave who had these dreams about the last coming first and interpreted this as reason to kill 51 whites when he thought an eclipse of the moon was his sign to kill all the whites he encountered Turner and 50 of his followers were tried and executed Significance example of widespread actionsrevolts that changed how slave owners treated their slaves Also was important since it was an event that reverberated throughout US through images in the media Lead to more restrictive laws created for African Americans Republican motherhood o Mothers raised their children based on their political views Passing down ideas and raising their children to become good American citizens 0 Significant women s political influence had to be indirect since women couldn t take part in politics during this point in time Asiento Treaty of Utrecht that was between Britain and spain giving Britain power to trade slaves with Spanish 0 Significance sky rocketed British involvement in African slave trade Spinning bees Daughters of liberty got together and made their own products HY 203 Spring 12 Exam 2 Review sheet 0 Important because making own good instead of using British goods was how women protested against the tariffs American AntiSlavery Society Impulse to try to create a perfect society 0 Group of abolitionists Society pushing for radical abolition of slavery Sugar Act 0 Increased duty on foreign sugar imported from west indies 0 Importance first law passed by parliament that raised tax revenues in the colonies for the crown Judith Sargent Murray On the Equality of the Sexes Women wanted to have rights 0 Importance since it is a woman directly advocating for her own rights George Whitefield 0 Most prominent minister of great awakening 1St euroamerican celebrity and famous for being an evangelist even Benjamin franklin was moved by Whitefield s theatrical style of preaching Significance drew people to a Godly life American Colonization Society 0 Back to Africa movement the problem with this idea that was embraced by many prominent white leaders was that first of all there were already people living in Liberia where they wanted to deport blacks to it was too expensive and many of those enslaved were not even originally from Africa at this point 0 Importance example of how ideas about anti slavery were deeply racist Coverture 0 Women s legal identity existed through husbands or fathers Made them legally subordinate to men 0 Significance kept women from being independent by not allowing them to own land sign contracts take out loans Pontiac s Warrebellion 0 After the French Indian war colonists moved west onto indian lands Native American tribes under Ottawa chief Pontiac banded together to keep colonists off their land in 1763 0 Gave Indians smallpox infected blankets which is considered genocide HY 203 Spring 12 Exam 2 Review sheet 0 Important because this lead to britians proclamation of 1763 that prevented colonists from settling west of Appalachian mountains Articles of Confederation Established USA as a confederation of sovereign states and served as 1St constitution Important because its weak federal government lead to the constitution of today s government Great Swamp Massacre 0 Part of King Philips war 0 Importance it ended king Philips war Seven Years War 0 17541763 war between French and English on American soil over control of chic river valley where the English won significanceestablished England as the number one world power start of gradual negative attitude of colonists toward English It was because of the seven years war that the taxation of the colonists began Proclamation Line of 1763 prevented colonists from settling west of Appalachian mountains Was issued by king George the third at the end of French indian7 years war that was meant to organize Britain s American empire with new addition of French territory along with stabilize relations with native Americans by regulating trade settlement and land purchases Dunmore s proclamation o Virginias governor offered freedom to any slaves that were willing to escape their owners to join Britain s army This was to strengthen the numbers of Great Britain s army and disrupt the economy About 1000 slaves accepted this offer but the plan was not very successful Paxton Boys 0 Organized march of scotirish men that wanted more protection from Indian attacks They were protesting the tolerance that the Quakers had for the native americans o Took place during poniacs rebellion when they killed off a large amount of Natives Julianne Jane Tillman Martin v Massachusetts 1805 HY 203 Spring 12 Exam 2 Review sheet 0 Martin wanted to reclaim land that had previously been seized by the government after her father abandoned it She did win the court case but only because the court deemed that she had no say in leaving the property behind since she was carrying out a man s will for her like women were supposed to 0 Significance legally enforced coverture and the idea of women s subordinance to man Lexington and Concord Troops were sent to concord to stop colonists that were loading arms and then the next day shots were fired in Lexington Significant because this event initiated the Revolutionary War Gabriel Prosser 0 Organized 1St armed rebellion with 50 other slaves in VA Word did travel and the militia was called in to put the uprising down Prosser and half his followers were executed and their owners received compensation Significance inspired black resistance to enslavement Shay s Rebellion 0 Uprising lead by Daniel Shay who felt that veterans did not receive enough compensation to sustain themselves in west Massachusetts after the war was over Tax collectors had little sympathy for them and Jefferson put a stop to the rebellion Significance showed that there would be no deconstruction of new empire Louisiana Purchase 0 The French sold Louisiana Territory to US in order to pay off war debt which doubled size of united states 0 Significant because this action contradicted jefferson s stance on strict construction that he had been advocating for since he purchased this huge amount of land without consent from the government first Virtual representation 0 This was how Britain argued that the colonies were represented in parliament They claimed that since the colonists were British colonists that their matters were taken into consideration but the colonies had no actual physical representatives Townshend Acts HY 203 Spring 12 Exam 2 Review sheet Enacted an import duty on glass white lead paper paint and tea in order to pay colonial governors who had already received pay from colonial assemblies 0 Importance sparked another wave of protests from the colonists Oneida NY 0 An example of sexual reform taken to an extreme by a group of people Only their leader could make decisions that limited sex by documenting who could have sex with who and when Children were raised communally Significance they saw control over these aspects as bringing in the kingdom of heaven Their goal was to reform and perfect the whole world Radical Whig ideology ldea that power corrupted people Colonists looked at british government as an example of this 0 Rotten boroughs Shortstaple cotton 0 Could grow in a wider range of climates as opposed to long staple cotton that only could cultivate in coastal regions The cotton gin allowed for short staple cotton to be used 0 Important because this lead to the cotton boom an economical change as well as a higher demand for slaves Gang vs task system task Slaves were given a task to do each day and when that was finished they could do as they pleased They usually spent their free time growing crops and their own food This was how rice plantations were run 0 Gang an overseer told slaves what to do and they were to work and do as they were told until the overseer said work was over for everyone Enslaved had less freedom this way This was how labor was divided on cotton plantations 0 Importance gang system was more harsh than the task system and enforced the mindset that the owners were the ones in control while the task system allowed for more freedom IMAGES 1 John Collet George Whitefield preaching HY 203 Spring 12 Exam 2 Review sheet Image depicts how dramatic Whitefield s style of preaching was He drew in large crowds of a variety of people and drew people to a Godly life 2 a society of patriotic ladies at Edenton in NC conveys message that women part taking in politics were loosesexually impure behaved immorally and were not attractive There is a child on the floor meaning that these women were bad mothers and the dog urinating signifies disapproval 3 Paul Revere 1770 British troops firing at civilians during the Boston Massacre Example of 18th century propaganda since this is not an accurate depiction of what happened In reality the civilians provoked the British troops This image was circulated around to create outrage towards Great Britain 4 John Singleton Copley The death of major peirson 5 A Bankruptcy scene 1780s Creditors repossessing belongings of a family who can not afford them while a woman weeps in the background This exhibits the fears of inflation and an excess of democracy during this time period 6 a young girls sketchbook of a drawing This was how they expressed their ideas of the ideas in the media at a young age ESSAY 3 most significant transformations of 18th century and explain the impact on society culture and politics in British colonies The American Revolution 2nCI Great Awakening and the invention of the cotton gin are 3 important events that took place in the 1800s The American Revolution was when America gained their independence from Great Britain The Second Great Awakening was a widespread spiritual revival The Cotton Gin allowed for a swifter and more efficient way of processing cotton The American Revolution established a government in the United States independent from Britain The US was no longer under British rule and the party system was used in government This all made America more peaceful and not up in arms HY 203 Spring 12 Exam 2 Review sheet anymore The colonies became states and were finally given the power that they had been fighting for Embargos against british government were put into effect More immigrants came to the United States which promoted diversity There was more religious freedom now so there was an increase in the number of churches Restrictions on voting based on religion also became a thing of the past The 2quotOI Great Awakening affected society by causing a spiritual awakening to Christianity People were changing how they lived in order to reflect Christian values The number of church being built increased and the bible was commonly taught in schools The entire country as a whole became more spiritual as a result of the 2quotCI Great Awakening This event lead to political reforms that incorporated biblical principles In culture Christianity became the norm and sinful behavior was highly frowned upon so people worked hard to refrain from sinning in order to remain on the straight and narrow path Reform movements like temperance sex reform and even food reform resulted from this mindset Finally Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin This invention removed the pits from cotton plants so that they no longer had to be removed by hand The cotton gin resulted in the cotton boom and westward expansion This created for a much higher demand for slaves The cotton gin caused a shift from agriculture to commerce in the economy which divided the north and south when it came to produced goods Whitney s revolutionary machine allowed for short staple cotton to be efficiently used which could grow in a variety of climates while long staple cotton which was all that could be used previous to the cotton gin could only cultivate in coastal climates More jobs were created and the areas surrounding factories became more urbanized Banks were founded to finance plantations and factories There was a loose interpretation of the constitution used in bank foundations HY 203 Spring 12 Exam 2 Review sheet
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