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UM - COMM 250 - Study Guide - Midterm

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UM - COMM 250 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: University of Miami
Department: Communications
Course: Freedom of Expression
Professor: Professor Allegro
Term: Spring 2015
Tags: first amendment
Name: COM 250 Study Guide Exam 1
Description: This study guide has all the topics we talked about in class and the description and explanation of every topic.
Uploaded: 01/19/2018
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background image Com250 – Freedom of Expression Review: Exam 1  
1 st  amendment: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of  religion,  or  prohibiting  the  free  exercise  thereof;  or  abridging  the
freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably
to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Prior  restraints:   is  censorship  imposed,  usually  by  a  government,  on expression that prohibits particular instances of expression. Incitement: the action of provoking unlawful behavior or urging someone to behave unlawfully. Defamation:  the  action  of  damaging  the  good  reputation  of  someone; slander or libel. FALSE statement of fact, not opinion. Fighting words: can these provoke violence? Hate  speech:  insults,  slurs  or  epithets  directed  to  a  group  of  people based on a shared characteristic. Obscene  speech:  not  protected  by  the  first  amendment,  considered  to have low or no value. Child pornography: not speech, under the age of consent.  
Control & censorship: fault lines Prior restrains v. Post-pub. Punishments Incitement Fighting words & hate speech, misogyny Obscenity & mere profanity or indecency Defamation, privacy & other categorization Time, place & manner regulations Symbolism v. words Copyright or ownership of expression Technology or means of distribution   Five Basic Themes: Religion, sacred monarchies & divinity ▪  Authority v. challengers Majorities v. minorities or dissenters ▪  The tension in democracies: fear of the chill & tyranny of the majority Social & political change ▪  Shifts changes in policy, power & position Blasi’s Pathological Perspective ▪  Times of fear; strategic thinking about speech Roles of courts and courts of law ▪  What is law? Why are independent courts important? Reasons to protect expression Self-government Checking value
background image Reasons to protect expression Self-government Checking value Search for truth Individual autonomy Inevitable abuse of authority Resilience Futility  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs of too much freedom: Other constitutional rights in conflict ▪  6 th  amendment:  In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy  the  right  to  a  speedy  and  public  trial,  by  an  impartial
jury  of  the  State  and  district  wherein  the  crime  shall  have
been  committed,  which  district  shall  have  been  previously
ascertained  by  law,  and  to  be  informed  of  the  nature  and
cause of 
the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against  him;  to  have  compulsory  process  for  obtaining
witnesses  in  his  favor,  and  to  have  the  Assistance  of
Counsel for his defense.
▪  14th amendment: All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of
the  United  States  and  of  the  State  wherein  they  reside.  No
State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the
privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor
shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property,
without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its
jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Other personal rights and values ▪  Privacy, minorities, objectification concerns, property, unequal access or resources ▪  Social values, reputation ▪  Order in society ▪  National security ▪  Civility ▪  Health and morality of children
background image ▪  National security ▪  Civility ▪  Health and morality of children American legal system basics: AA Law & sources of law ▪   The  key  five:  common  law,  statutory  law,  constitutional  law, administrative & international ▪  Role precedent in the AA systems Divided Gov’t & the US Federal System ▪  Preemption, standing & jurisdiction ▪  Courts, the executive and legislature ▪  States, local governments & the feds Trial courts, appellate courts, highest courts Published, written opinions of the courts ▪  Majority, dissenting, concurring, plurality  
Difference between trial court and trial judge Trial courts is where the cases start ▪  Presentation of evidence (witnesses and exhibits) ▪  Persuades jury in jury or bench trial ▪  One judge in the courtroom who decides what evidence can or cannot be used Appellate courts have no evidence presented ▪  Simple legal argument before judge ▪  Five groups of three judges Supreme court ▪  One group of five justices  
 
 
Declaration of the rights of man (1789) 10. No one shall be disquieted on account of his opinions, including his  religious  views,  provided  their  manifestation  does  not  disturb
the public order established by law.
11.  The  free  communication  of  ideas  and  opinions  is  one  of  the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly,
speak,  write,  and  print  with  freedom,  but  shall  be  responsible  for
such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law.
  Prior restraints: why should we care? Chilling  effect:  inhibition  or  discouragement  of  the  legitimate exercise of natural and legal rights by the threat of legal sanction.  Changed interaction and relationships among people Forced conformity, fear of being different Risks to a democracy and individual freedom   What are the Pentagon Papers? Should it be secret? Study Prepared by the Department of Defense, is a United States Department  of  Defense  history  of  the  United  States'  political-
military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967.
Revealed  that the Harry S. Truman administration gave military aid to France in its colonial war against the communist-led Viet Minh,
thus directly involving the United States in Vietnam.

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School: University of Miami
Department: Communications
Course: Freedom of Expression
Professor: Professor Allegro
Term: Spring 2015
Tags: first amendment
Name: COM 250 Study Guide Exam 1
Description: This study guide has all the topics we talked about in class and the description and explanation of every topic.
Uploaded: 01/19/2018
10 Pages 32 Views 25 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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