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AHS 102 Test #2 Study Guide Dr. Phillips

by: Sarah Gardner

AHS 102 Test #2 Study Guide Dr. Phillips AHS 102

Marketplace > Ball State University > Art History > AHS 102 > AHS 102 Test 2 Study Guide Dr Phillips
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Ball State, Spring 2016, MWF, 11:00-11:50
History of Art Survey 2
Natalie E Phillips
Study Guide
Art History, Ball State
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Gardner on Saturday February 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to AHS 102 at Ball State University taught by Natalie E Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 2 in Art History at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 02/27/16
AHS 102  EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE Works to Know and pictures are on the PowerPoints/study guides Dr. Phillips put up. This is a  series of questions about the works in the order we went over them in order to help you think  analytically. Vocab and comparisons included. Characteristics of the High Renaissance: ­ Greater realism ­ Interest in classicism (even more than before) ­ More interest in human psychology Leonardo da Vinci ­ Be familiar with what his sketchbook pages looked like and be able to tell what they are ­ "Renaissance Man," dabbled in everything ­ Oldest of the High Renaissance artists ­ Nice man, agreeable ­ Perfectionist ­ Military service under Duke of Milan = testing out ideas for war machines (tanks, flying  machines, crossbow, catapult) Works: Virgin and Child with St. Anne ­ Sfumato = misty haze around the figure ­ Why do Mary and St. Anne look so similar in age? ­ Why are they in a pyramidal composition? Ginevra de Benci ­ How is this different than Early Renaissance portraiture of women in Italy? ­ What do the juniper, laurel and palms (on the back of the piece) signify? Mona Lisa ­Who was the woman posing for the portrait? ­ Why does it look like she has no eyebrows? Know Copy of Mona Lisa (Prado version) was done by Leonardo's apprentice. The Last Supper ­ Why is it so damaged? ­ Which figure is Judas? ­ Where is it located? (Room in monastery) ­ What is significant about the salt container knocked over? Michelangelo ­ Vasari loved him, called him "el divino" (divine one) ­ Laocoon discovered in his lifetime, greatly influenced work ­ Unrealistic goals for his works ­ True love = sculpture David ­ What moment in the story does this depict? ­ How is this David different than Donetello's and why is it the ultimate symbol of the high  renaissance? The Medci Tomb ­Why does some on the sculpture look like it wasn't meant to be there? Lorenzo de Medici ­ What was his personality? (Reflected in sculpture) ­ What do the figures below him represent? Giulioano de Medici ­ What was his personality? ­ What do the figures below him represent? The Sistine Chapel Ceiling ­ Who commissioned it? What family was he from? ­ What stories from the Bible are in the middle? ­ Ignudi = male nude figures for decoration ­ Sibyls = female prophets God Creating the World ­ How is this different than previous representations of this subject? God Creating Adam ­ Why does Adam look lazy? The Last Judgement ­ Who commissioned it? ­ Who is holding the skin? What does it represent? ­ What figure from Greek mythology is featured? Raphael ­ Polite, professional ­ Got a ton of commissions ­ Known well for Madonna and Child works ­ died @ 37 from illness ­ known for richness and clarity of color Stanza della Segnatura ­ Where is this? What was it (the room) originally? The School of Athens (in Stanza della Senatura) ­ Which figure looks like Leonardo and who is he (the figure) supposed to be from history? ­ Who is the interlocutor? ­ Which figure is supposed to be Michelangelo? The Sistine Madonna ­ What story is depicted here? ­ What do the colors Mary wear represent? Madonna of the Meadows ­ atmospheric perspective and pyramidal composition ­ How is this Christ­child different than others? Mannerism ­ Artists didn’t want to be compared to High Renaissance artists ­ Start of challenging the conventions of art ­ Bizarre, artists like to make the viewer uncomfortable Nymph, Benvento Cellini ­ Who was it made for? ­ How do the figures compare to Michelangelo’s?  ­ What is odd about the nymphs? Assumption of the Virgin ­ Why was the unflattering, odd looking foreshortening of the figures problematic? Descent from the Cross ­ How are the colors and mood different than Raphael’s treatment of the subject? Self Portrait in a Convex mirror, Parmigianino ­ How is this similar to Mantegna’s Dead Christ? Madonna of the Long Neck ­ What is odd about the mother/child relationship and the way Mary is holding the baby? ­ How does Mary’s outfit look different than the traditional depiction and what does it  signify? Palazzo del Te, Guilio Romano ­ Why are there “bricked over” pediments and entrances (as well as a 3 pt decorative  ribbon that drops down every third “brick”) The Renaissance Outside of Italy 16  centh The Isenheim Altarpiece, Mathias Grunewald ­ Polyptych = many part altarpiece ­ Where is this located and why is it significant? ­ What is the reason Christ’s arm appears to disconnect from his body when the altarpiece  opens? ­ When it is open, the works have a much different mood. What is that supposed to be  communicated to the specific audience by this mood? ­ Where is the scene (not a specific place) on the back and what is represented? The Fall of Man, Albrecht Durer ­ What medium was this? ­ Define “the peaceable kingdom.” Why is this important to the scene/moment in the story? Netherlandish Proverbs, Peter Brueghel the Elder ­ What are all of the villagers doing? (In general) ­ Know the proverb for each specific part shown on the study guide Adoration of the Magi, Hieromymous Bosch ­ Who is depicted here that is rarely shown in religious art? ­ What is the background foreshadowing? The Garden of Earthly Delights, Bosch ­ Symbols everywhere, be able to explain them briefly ­ Why are the alchemy shapes (partly disguised) problematic at the time (but he got away  with it)? ­ Name one feature of Bosch’s hell that isn’t in any other work so far. The Italian Baroque 16  cent Supper at Emmaus, Caravaggio ­ Vanitas Symbol = life is too short to be involved in material things ­ Unconventional clothing of apostles Conversion of St. Paul ­ What does the red cloth suggest? ­ Why could this piece be read as disrespectful? The Death of the Virgin, Caravaggio ­ How is this different than the Sistine Madonna? (People around her, her clothing, etc) David, Gianlorenzo Bernini ­ Compare to Donatello and Michelangelo’s David ­ The oldest looking of the statues The Ecstacy of St. Teresa, Gianlorenzo ­ What is the story? ­ How is the slightly problematic depiction of spiritual ecstasy meant to connect with the  viewers? Be familiar with Artemisia Gentileschi’s story and the names involved Judith and Holofernes, Artemisia ­ Compare to Carravagio’s treatment of the subject ­ Why did Artemisia paint this? Susanna and the Elders, Artemisia ­ What is the story? ­ How is this different than the usual treatment of the subject? ­ What do the colors of the cloths (both, on Susanna and the elders) represent? The Dutch Baroque, 16  centh ­ Know symbols! ­ Know the stories/lesson for each one th French Baroque, 16  cent ­ I’m not putting questions for this one b/c we covered it so recently ­ Just know the political message behind all the works ­ Remember it’s Louis XIV (14 ) th Comparing Renaissance with Italian Baroque ­ Renaissance: Linear, closed form, multiplicity, absolute clarity ­ Baroque: Painterly, open form, unity, relative clarity Comparing Catholic and Protestant works for Renaissance Outside of Italy ­ Catholic: Pathos, appeals to emotion, bright colors ­ Protestant: appeal to intellect, not as bright colors Comparing the Three Baroque Styles Italian: Large scale, religious works displayed publicly, Catholic Dutch: Small scale scenes, teach a lesson, Protestant, genre = everyday life, symbolism, not as  decadent as Italian or French French: Large scale, political scenes, displayed publicly, Catholic (not as important b/c not a lot  of religious scenes) ASTR 100 Study Guide Test #2 th If you still have questions, Dr. Berrington is holding a help session Sunday the 28   at 6pm in our regular classroom. Good luck!  Aristotle o Geocentric model  Didn’t see parallax o Greek Philosophy  Earth, air, fire, water  What significant discovery did Eratosthenes make? How did he calculate it?  What is Aristarchus known for?   Motion of the sun = easterly  Motion of Stars = westward  Define ecliptic  How much time does it take the earth to travel on its ecliptic around the sun?  Define period  By what degree is the earth’s axis tilted?  Describe precession  Be able to describe how the earth remains in a fixed orientation (gyroscope)  Define and explain Mercator projection.  Define cardinal directions  Define equinox, be able to locate on the diagram showing the ecliptic and celestial  equator  Define solstice o Know when summer and winter are in the N and S Hemispheres  Know the cause of seasons o The 2 effects of the tilt of the axis  Be able to draw a bowl diagram with the path of the sun  Define Zodiac  Know the difference between Sidereal and Synodic Periods  Be able to draw a diagram describing lunar phases and explain  Know the difference between a Solar and Sidereal Day o Be able to explain them and the difference  Know the types of spheroids. Which one is earth?  Know these astronomer’s contributions and the titles of their published works o Claudius Ptolemy, Ptolemy’s Almagest o Copernicus, De Revolutionibus Orbium  How did his work influence the public view of astronomy/ the universe? o Tycho Brahe, Typcho’s Nova o Galileo Galilei, Sidereus Nucius  What are his observations and how did they impact astronomy? o Johannes Kepler, Astonomia Nova  Know his 3 laws of planetary motion o Sir Issac Newton, Principia  Know his 3 laws of motion and the universal law of gravitation  Define ellipse  Be able to calculate the proportion of years and AU’s (Kepler’s 3  law of planetary  motion)  Describe the relationship of acceleration due to earth’s gravity and mass  What are the two kinds of planetary orbits?


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