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UA / Chemistry / CH 105 / What are the rules in drawing skeletal structures?

What are the rules in drawing skeletal structures?

What are the rules in drawing skeletal structures?

Description

ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-2 0}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-4,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-0}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-3,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-3}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-1,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-2,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-2}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-0,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-8 0}.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-5 0}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-0}.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-8}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-1}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-3 0}.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-0 0}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-8}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-1 0}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-2}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-7 0}ul.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-1,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-2,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-3 0}ul.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-7 0}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-6 0}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-8 0}.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-1 0}.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-6}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-4 0}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-0}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-6}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-2 0}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-8 0}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-2 0}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-4}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-6}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-0 0}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-7}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-4}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-1}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-5}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-2}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-7 0}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-6}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-7,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-2 0}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-0 0}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-6 0}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-1 0}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-0}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-6}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-7}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-2}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-5}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-4}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-0 0}.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-4 0}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-5}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-1 0}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-3 0}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-5,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-7,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-1}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-2}.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-8}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-1}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-7}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-6,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-7}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-6 0}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-0 0}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-6 0}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-5}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-4}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-3}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-3 0}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-5 0}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-5}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-1,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-8 0}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-4 0}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-2 0}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-6}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-1,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-3,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-2,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-0}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-0,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-3}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-1 0}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-7,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-1}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-6,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-5,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-8 0}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-3}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-4,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-0}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-1}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-3}ol.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-0 0}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-8,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-7}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-7}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-4 0}ul.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-4 0}ul.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-8}ul.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_khjtlzylpckr-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-5 0}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-6,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-3 0}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-0,upper-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-7 0}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kkb8hxuml2a1-8}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-1 0}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-7 0}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-4 0}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-5 0}.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-4}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-8}.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-6 0}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-3}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-2 0}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-7 0}.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-2}.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-4}ol.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-5 0}.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-6 0}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-6,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pny0d9b52hjn-8 0}.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_guyvoj3uvxdr-5 0}ol.lst-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ccsshbw5sqc-3 0}.lst-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ic4cdpwt43j5-8,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_s8nitnfx6dsz-5}.lst-kix_p0pnm4raxbha-2 > li:before{content:"- "}

CH.11 NotesWe also discuss several other topics like How can we live sustainably without degrading our life-support system?

11-4 Drawing Organic molecules

  1.  Condensed structures (for a compound having a chain or atoms bonded together, rather than a ring).

  1. 1 All of the atoms are drawn in, but the two-electron bond lines are generally omitted

We also discuss several other topics like What is the chemical symbol for lead?

Keep the vertical bond line to show where the CH3 group is bonded

We also discuss several other topics like Name the steps in a scientific method.

Condensed structure Don't forget about the age old question of What is a substance you cannot break down?

CH3 CH2 CH2 CH3 If you want to learn more check out What is stated in the mosaic code of the israelites?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is being explained in ethnocentrism?

CH3CH CH 2 CHCH3

   CH3                CH3

Further simplified Structure

CH3 (CH2)2 CH3

        (CH2) + subscripts indicate repeating subunits

(CH3)2 CH CH2 CH(CH3)2

  1. Lone pairs on heteroatoms are omitted

B. Skeletal structures (for organic compounds containing both chains of atoms)

Rules in drawing skeletal structures:

1. Assume there is a carbon atom at the intersection of any 2 lines or at the end of any line

2. Assume there are enough hydrogens around each carbon to give it 4 bonds.

 

3. Draw in all heteroatoms a hydrogens directly bonded to them

 

11.5 Functional Groups

  • A functional group is an atom or a group of atoms that has a characteristic Chemical behavior in every molecule where it occurs.

  • Hydrocarbons are compounds that contain only the elements of carbon a hydrogen
  • Alkanes have only C - C single bonds and no functional groups

CH3 CH2 CH2 CH3

  1. Functional Groups with carbon-carbon multiple bonds
  1. alkanes have a c-c double bonds as functional groups

CH2=CH2

  1. Alkynes have a C - C triple bond as functional group

HC = CH

  1. Aromatic compounds contain a benzene ring as functional group

                

2. Functional Groups with carbon singly bonded to a Heteroatom

  1. Alcohol general structure R-OH

- OH Hydroxyl group

  1. thiol s general structure R-SH

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