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UF - Political Science 4042 - CPO4042 week 2 - Class Notes

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UF - Political Science 4042 - CPO4042 week 2 - Class Notes

School: University of Florida
Department: OTHER
Course: Politics in Post-Industrial Societies
Professor: Ross Cotton
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: Politics
Name: CPO4042 week 2
Description: these notes cover thesecond week chapters 1-4
Uploaded: 01/22/2018
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week 2
Module 1: Politic1l Institutions
Consensu'l v M'jorit'ri'n Democr'cy Democr1cy defined- “government by -nd for the people” Fund1ment1l question who will do the governing, 1nd to whose interests should the government 
be responsive to when the people 1re in dis1greement 1nd h1ve divergent 
preferences?
Two 1nswers M'jorit'ri'n (exclusive, competitive, 1dvers1ri1l) logic1lly b1sed on the principle of concentr1ting 1s much power in the 
h1nds of the m1jority (1s few 1s possible holding power)
1ll th1ts needed: 1 b1re m1jority, or 1 plur1lity (the l1rgest of 1ll the 
percent1ges, even if it doesnʼt p1ss 50%)
Consensu'l (inclusive, emph1sis on b1rg1ining 1nd compromise) logic1lly b1sed on 1s m1ny people 1s possible ruling  Comp1ring 1nd ev1lu1ting democr1cies  Two dimensions 1) Executive-P1rties Dimension: groups ch1r1cteristics of the 
1rr1ngement of executive power, the p1rty 1nd elector1l systems, 
interest groups
2) Feder1l-Unit1ry Dimension
Any individu1l country c1n v1ry on 1ll of these dimensions Executive-P1rties: Dimension 1 1. Concentr1tion of executive power (one p1rty, b1re m1jority c1binet)  vs 
executive power sh1ring (co1lition c1binet)
2. executive domin1nce vs executive-legisl1tive b1l1nce
3. two-p1rty vs multip1rty system (p1rties sh1ring power in co1lition 
r1ther th1n 1 single p1rty ruling)
4. m1jorit1ri1n 1nd disproportion1l elector1l systems vs proportion1l 
represent1tion 
where you h1ve 1 m1jorit1ri1n 1nd disproportion1l elector1l system, 
you will h1ve 1 two p1rty system
C1n1d1 & Indi1 h1ve first p1st the post, but they 1re the 
exception to the 1bove rule
in m1jorit1ri1n systems: mostly in plur1list single member districts, 
where they use first p1st the post. Lets s1y its 1 plur1lity 1nd the 
p1rty wins 35% of the vote. They will rule most of the c1binet even 
though 65% of th people donʼt w1nt th1t p1rty.
5. plur1list interest group systems with free-for-1ll competition 1mong 
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groups (m1jorit1ri1n) vs. coordin1ted 1nd “corpor1tist” interest groups 
systems 1imed 1t compromise 1nd concentr1tion (consensu1l)
Feder1l-Unit1ry: Dimension 2 1. Unit1ry 1nd centr1lized (m1jorit1ri1n) vs feder1l 1nd decentr1lized 
government (consensu1l)
2. unic1mer1lism (m1jorit1ri1n) vs strong bic1mer1lism (consensu1l)
3. flexible constitutions th1t c1n be 1mended by simple m1jorities 
(m1jorit1ri1n) vs written 1nd rigid constutions th1t c1n be ch1nged only 
be extr1ordin1ry m1jorities 
4. No judici1l review (m1jorit1ri1n) vs judici1l review (consensu1l)
5. centr1l b1nks th1t 1re dependent on the executive (m1jorit1ri1n) 
(1dv1nt1ge; if the gov is putting forth cert1in policies, they c1n directly 
m1nipul1te the b1nk so th1t the policy is quicker) vs. independent centr1l 
b1nks (consensu1l) (do wh1t is best for the country reg1rdless of who is 
in office in government) 
The Westminster Model of Democr1cy Used interch1nge1bly with the m1jorit1ri1n model— British version is 
the origin1l 1nd best-known ex1mple
M1ny fe1tures h1ve been exported to other countries
Three prototypes: The UK, New Ze1l1nd (until 1996), 1nd B1rb1dos
Tod1y we will focus on the UK
1. Concentr1tion of Executive power in one-p1rty 1nd b1re-m1jority 
c1binets
most powerful org1n of British government is the c1binet (the PM is in 
ch1rge of the c1binet)
Norm of one-p1rty m1jority c1binets
E1rly 20th century, 1970s, 1nd e1rly 21st century outliers One-p1rty 1nd b1re-m1jority c1binet is the perfect embodiment of 
the principle of m1jority rule
2. C1binet Domin1nce In p1rli1ment1ry systems, the c1binet is dependent on the confidence 
of p1rli1ment
reversed in the Westminster Model (see Lijph1rt pg. 12)
1bsence of m1jority government lessens this 
Disciplined two-p1rty system r1ther th1n the p1rli1ment1ry system 
th1t gives rise to executive domin1nce 
3. Two-P1rty system British politics domin1ted by two l1rge p1rties The Conserv1tive P1rty
The L1bour P1rty
Other minor p1rties exist, but to m1n1ge to win only 1 h1ndful of 
votes 1nd se1ts
Scottish N1tion1l P1rty ch1nged this, however

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School: University of Florida
Department: OTHER
Course: Politics in Post-Industrial Societies
Professor: Ross Cotton
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: Politics
Name: CPO4042 week 2
Description: these notes cover thesecond week chapters 1-4
Uploaded: 01/22/2018
6 Pages 26 Views 20 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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