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UF - SYG 2000 - SYG2000 Notes Week 3 - Class Notes

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UF - SYG 2000 - SYG2000 Notes Week 3 - Class Notes

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background image How Do We Know What We Know? The Methods of the Sociologist Styles of Theorizing and Doing Research o Deduction General to Specific Theory Generate hypothesis Collect data Confirm or reject hypothesis o Induction Specific to General Observation Collect data Discern patterns Generate hypothesis Theory o Quantitative and Qualitative Divide Quantitative methods Numerical values Statistical tools Surveys (most common) Can be inductive and deductive Poll Questionnaire design o Coming up with good questions is hard
o Wording can change how people think
o Question placement
Sampling o Representative
o Ex: Probability and Nonprobability sampling
o Telephone survey
Qualitative methods Understanding texture of social life Narrative Richness of experience and process Can be inductive and deductive In-depth interview: without and standardized answer 
formats
Focus group: Guided discussion of some topic Ethnography: Get inside the worlds they study up-
close and even as direct participants
o Locate observations
o Decide who, where, and what to observe
background image o Conventional Research Process 1. Choose issue
2. Define problem
3. Review literature
4. Develop hypothesis
5. Operational variables 
Consider ethical issues 6. Design project
7. Collect data
8. Analyze data
9. Report findings
o Doing Science Variables: concepts whose values change from case to 
case
Independent, dependent, intervening/mediating Types of Variables Discrete variables Binary: rural/urban Multinomial: political affiliation Ordinal self-rated health Continuous variables Annual income Reliability: quality of consistent measurement Validity: quality of measuring precisely correlation: two or more variables change together cause and effect: change in one variable 
(independent)causes a change in another (dependent)
correlation exists: variables change independent (causal) variable precedes dependent 
variable
no evidence of third variable responsible for a 
correlation

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School: University of Florida
Department: Mechanical Engineering
Course: Principles of Sociology
Professor: Kirsten Fitzgerald
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Introduction to Sociology and sociology
Name: SYG2000 Notes Week 3
Description: These notes are from the class on Monday 1/22/18.
Uploaded: 01/22/2018
4 Pages 31 Views 24 Unlocks
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