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FSU - CLP 4143 - abnormal psych week 1-2 class notes - Class Notes

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FSU - CLP 4143 - abnormal psych week 1-2 class notes - Class Notes

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background image Abnormal Psych Lecture Notes Unit 1 - Defining, Classifying, and Studying Abnormal Behavior What is abnormality? –  - Rosenhan study (1973) – presented themselves to 12 different  psychiatric institution presented as themselves yet having heard 
voices say things like “empty,” “hollow,” or “thud.” All were admitted 
but after doing so never reported hearing the voices after another 
screening. The patients could tell that these people were not normal 
but the doctors did. All the charts said that they had forms of 
schizophrenia. Concluded that we cannot distinguish the sane from the
insane, but it is rather the hospital environment that made it seem like 
they were in need of psychiatric help. 
- No clear dividing lines between normal and needing help (abnormal)   continuum model o Normal behavior (Lisa Simpson) –  typical for social context,  not distressing for the individual not dangerous not interfering with work/school o        middle of the continuum (tony stark) somewhat unusual for the social context distressing to the individual interfering with social life/ work/ school potentially dangerous o        abnormal behavior (Liza Arron game of thrones?) highly unusual for the social context the source of significant individual distress significantly interfering with social life or work/ school very dangerous to the individual or others The 4 D’s –  deviance from the norm – different from what others do  is influenced by cultural norms
people who are deviant from the norm are usually on the far 
sides of the bell curve -         dysfunctionality – interfere with one’s ability to function o  can have difficulties in daily life, work, school, forming  relationships o  ex.) spending an inordinate amount of time getting ready in the  morning (“Hows that workin out for ya?”) o  good rule of thumb when diagnosing abnormal behaviors distress to self or others –  causes the individual pain (physical and/or emotional)
o  egocentonic – when the person does not see a problem with 
something that society sees as an issue (anorexia nervosa) dangerousness to self or others
background image Abnormal Psych Lecture Notes physical or potentially physical harm coming to the person or  people around them Causes of abnormality –  -         vocab o etiology = origin/ cause
o psychopathology = mental disorder (diagnosable issue)
-         Nature vs nurture  o Nature vs nurture = environment vs genetics
o Not one or the other, it is a mixture of both
o Contemporary theories (biopsychosocial model) = combination 
of Biological processes  Psychological factors  Social influences o Biological causes of abnormality Structural – abnormalities or differences in the structure of 
the brain
Biochemical – problems that the chemical “messenger” in 
the body
Genetic – certain genes lead to mental disorders o Structural causes of abnormality Physical problems with the brain Can be caused by developmental problems, injury, 
infection, or toxins from environment
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission 
tomography (PET) can show structural issues
o Biochemical causes of abnormality Problems with chemical messengers in the body and 
nervous system
Endocrine system “messengers” are hormones Secreted by organs and circulate in blood o Example: hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis  (HPA axis)  fight or flight response mechanism o Overactive HPA for people with anxiety
o Adrenaline and cortisol are the stress 
hormones o Genetic causes of abnormality Genes can influence abnormal behavior There’s no “one to one correlation” for common mental 
disorders
Multiple genes can combine (with environment) to lead to a
disorder (polygenic processes)
Mental disorders are heritable Twin studies

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Abnormal psychology
Name: abnormal psych week 1-2 class notes
Description: these notes include all abnormal psych lecture notes up to this week (01/23/18)
Uploaded: 01/23/2018
6 Pages 34 Views 27 Unlocks
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