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GSU - SOCI 1101 - Spring 2018 - Chapter 3 - Class Notes

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GSU - SOCI 1101 - Spring 2018 - Chapter 3 - Class Notes

School: Georgia State University
Department: Sociology
Course: Intro to Sociology
Professor: Nia Reed
Term: Spring 2018
Tags:
Name: Chapter 3
Description: Chapter 3 - 1/24/18
Uploaded: 01/24/2018
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background image Chapter 3 Sociologists use scientific method, and often build on preexisting research Development of Scientific Knowledge: Implies science develops gradually Types of Research Qualitative Research A scientific method that does not require statistical methods for collecting 
and reporting data
Observation and open-ended questions are 2 examples Capture descriptive information Quantitative Research Involves analysis of numerical fata typically obtained through 
surveys/experiments
Helps describe and understand observable social realities o Descriptive statistics: used to compare trends over time
o Inferential statistics: rely on data from small group to speculate on 
behavior of larger groups Observational Research Involves systematic watching, listening to, and recording what takes place in 
a natural setting
Most common methods: participant and non-participant observations, 
ethnographic
Dimensions to any type of observation: Degree to which those being observed are aware of observation Degree to which presence of observer affects those being observed Ethnography Creation of an account of what people do and the way they live Entails more intensive and lengthy periods of observation Global ethnography: a type of ethnography grounding in understanding 
globalization
Netnography is using the internet and social networking places and events as
the speculative space of study
Interviews Information is sought from participants who are asked a series of questions Types of interviews: o Prestructured  - standardized, quantitative, surveys
background image o Unstructured  – usually contain non-directive questions, open ended,  informal Questionnaires: self-administered, written sets of questions Types of surveys Descriptive Explanatory Sampling: a sample is a representative proportion of the overall population Random  – everyone has equal opportunity to be part of sample Stratified  – of a certain group Convenience   Experiment involves the manipulation of one or more characteristics to examine the
effect of the manipulation
Independent  (manipulated) variable Dependent  (response) variable Types of experiments Lab Natural – most common, no manipulation Field Secondary Data Analysis Refers to re-analyzing data that has been previously controlled and analyzed Historical-Comparative Analysis o Contrast how different historical events/conditions lead to societal  outcomes Content Analysis o Systematic and objective analysis of content of cultural artifacts Reliability Involved the degree to which a given measure produces the same results 
time after time
Concern is with consistency Validity Ethics : concerned with issues of right and wrong Physical and Psychological Harm Physical harm can be an unintended consequence of sociological research

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School: Georgia State University
Department: Sociology
Course: Intro to Sociology
Professor: Nia Reed
Term: Spring 2018
Tags:
Name: Chapter 3
Description: Chapter 3 - 1/24/18
Uploaded: 01/24/2018
3 Pages 21 Views 16 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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