Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

UNCG - HDF 211 - Erikson's stages of Development (Week 2) - Class

Created by: Zaria Jordan Elite Notetaker

> > > > UNCG - HDF 211 - Erikson's stages of Development (Week 2) - Class

UNCG - HDF 211 - Erikson's stages of Development (Week 2) - Class

This preview shows pages 1 - 3 of a 8 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Erik Erikson (Developmental Psychologist)  
Developmental Theory focuses on the various stages of life 
● Crisis 
● Strengths 
● Problems 
● Relevant Social Institutions 
Sigmund Freud (Theory of Development)  ● Oral (0-1)  ○ Infants derive pleasure from the mouth 
○ Problems: 
■ If Infant resents the mother having other demands when baby wants to be  feed  ■ May change from sucking to biting 
■ May become fixated on oral gratification 
● Heavy Smoking 
● Eating 
● Drinking 
● Nail-biting 
● Thumb-sucking 
● “Biting” personality 
● Anal (1-3)  ○ “Potty Training”  
○ Problems 
■ “Anal Personality”  ● Over-concern with order, cleanliness  ● Phallic (3-5)  ○ Pleasure centered on genital area (Infantile genital stage)  ■ Boys are attracted to their mother, Girls are attracted to their father 
■ More powerful rival for the object of their love 
○ Problems  ■ Oedipus Complex 
■ Electra Conflict 
● Latency (5 to puberty)  ○ Genitalia is still an interest, but had been suppressed in order to solve issues of  the phallic stage  ■ Children are most interested in other children of the same sex 
■ Children make sense of the world 
● Genital (Adolescence)  ○ Attention on pleasure, sexual pleasure may be sublimated into a love of sports,  poetry, etc   
*Erik Erikson developed his theory from a base in Sigmund Freud’s theory 
 
background image What are the similarities in theories?  ● Stages  
● Social and Emotional Aspects  
● Emphasis on drives, “Instinctual energies” 
 
What are some differences in the theories? 
● Stages throughout the course of life 
● Erikson opposed to “Originology” 
● Erikson was less focused on psychological manifestations of physical symbols 
● Erikson payed more attention to social institutions outside of the family 
 
………..Bronfenbrenner and Vygotsky 
*Theorist that viewed development as being influenced by the developing individual in 
interaction with the context 
 
Similarities between Erikson’s studies from the studies of Bronfenbrenner and Vygotsky 
● Development as influenced by both the developing individual and the context, including  cultural context  Differences   ● Greater attention to stages with Erikson, leading toward culturally appropriate goals 
● Emphasis on developmental “crisis” at each stage, that need to be resolved. (Only 
Erikson)   
Cyclical nature of interdependence 
*Erikson used the term “cycle” too capture a number of ideas 
● Life rounds itself out  ○ Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter  ● Life is a link between generations  1. Be a child 
2. Have a child 
3. Help Care for your child 
4. Need Care  
● There’s no one single crisis that can be resolved, but a succession of them  ○ Interdependence of self, relationships with others and society.   
OVERVIEW 
 
What occurs during each stage?  
● A “crisis” is evoked  
● The strength that may result from successfully resolving the crisis appropriately  
● The problem that may result from not resolving the crisis appropriately  
● Social institutions that are relevant at the time of the crisis 
 
background image Oral Stage (0-1)  ● Crisis Evoked  ○ Basis trust vs mistrust  ● Strength  ○ Hope  ● Potential Problem  ○ Abandonment and rage  ● Relevant Social Institution  ○ The family, but linked to the culture   
Anal Stage (1-3) 
● Crisis Evoked   ○ Autonomy vs shame and doubt  ● Strength  ○ Free choice and self- restraint  ● Potential Problem  ○ Neuroses and Compulsivity  ● Relevant Social Institution   ○ The Family   
Phallic Stage (3-5) 
● Crisis Evoked   ○ Initiative vs Guilt  ● Strength  ○ Purpose  ● Potential Problem  ○ Repression, Inhibition, Psychopathic acting out  ● Relevant Social Institution  ○ Family and Preschool  Latency Stage (5-Puberty)  ● Crisis Evoked   ○ Industry vs Inferiority  ● Strength  ○ Competence  ● Potential Problem  ○ Sense of Inadequacy  ● Relevant Social Institution  ○ Neighborhood and School  Genital Stage (Adolescence)  ● Crisis Evoked   ○ Identity vs Role Confusion  ● Strength  ○ Fidelity 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of North Carolina - Greensboro who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of North Carolina - Greensboro
Department: Human Development
Course: Human Development Across Life Span
Professor: Andrew Supple
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: development and Child
Name: Erikson's stages of Development (Week 2)
Description: These notes cover Erikson's theory for development.
Uploaded: 01/25/2018
8 Pages 29 Views 23 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UNCG - HDF 211 - Class Notes - Week 2
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UNCG - HDF 211 - Class Notes - Week 2

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here