Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

FAU - Sociology (SYG) 1000 - Sociological Perspectives, Week 2 -

Created by: Andrea Fabiola Catalano Elite Notetaker

> > > > FAU - Sociology (SYG) 1000 - Sociological Perspectives, Week 2 -

FAU - Sociology (SYG) 1000 - Sociological Perspectives, Week 2 -

School: Florida Atlantic University
Department: OTHER
Course: Sociological Perspectives
Professor: Gina Carreno-Lukasik
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: sociology, research, and methods
Name: Sociological Perspectives, Week 2
Description: These are notes for chapter 2, research methods.
Uploaded: 01/25/2018
This preview shows pages 1 - 3 of a 8 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Ch. 2 Sociological Research Reasons for Sociological Research Challenge our commonly held beliefs Solve social problems  ◦ Hopeful that research will lead to solving the problems Science = Objectivity Objectivity­ scientists interpret their data on the basis or merit, and they do not let their personal 
biases affect their work 
Ways to maximize objectivity: Carefully design your research ▪ Observing, asking questions, etc o State your theoretical perspective ▪ (Theories listed in last week’s notes) ▪ Be upfront with your theoretical perspective if you have an audience o Practice verifiability: ▪ **repeat studies that have already been done ▪ Trying to prove the research is valid Basic Research Concepts Causation  Events occur in nonrandom predictable ways, and one even leads to another ◦ When you’re trying to establish causation, you’re trying to show that ‘A' is  causing 'B' Hypothesis Speculative statement about the relationship between two or more factors known as variables Independent Variable vs Dependent Variable Independent Variable = Cause ◦ Cause the dependent variable Dependent Variable = Effect ◦ Depends on independent variable Eg. If I study more, then I will receive better grades ◦ Independent variable: studying ◦ Dependent variable: better grades Establishing a Casual Relationship 1. Establish a correlation 2. Avoid a spurious correlation 3. Note the time order 4. Multiple causation 1. Establish a Correlation A correlation is one variable is associated with a change in the other variable Eg. Usually you find a correlation when the hypothesis is established  Positive Correlation ◦ When the independent variable and the dependent variable change in the same  direction.
background image ▪ Eg. If your independent variable goes up, then your dependent variable  goes up ▪ Eg. If your independent variable goes down, then your dependent variable  goes down ▪ I hypothesize that studying more hours per week leads me to get  higher grades. Negative Correlation o When the independent variable and the dependent variable change in the opposite  directions. Eg. If your independent variable goes up, then your dependent variable 
goes down
Eg. If your independent variable goes down, then your dependent variable 
goes up
I hypothesize that partying more hours per week leads me to get 
lower grades.
2. Avoid a Spurious Correlation When the casual relationship you think you see between two variables is actually being produces
by another variable
Eg. Ice cream consumption higher ­> murder rate goes up (positive correlation) ◦ When temperature gets hotter, people eat more ice cream, also during the summer there’s more interaction which increases the probability of people interacting and 
conflicts to arise
3. Note The Time Order You have to make sure, in real life, that your independent variable happened before your  dependent variable. ◦ The direction of variables may get tricky Eg. Smoking causes cancer —> you need to make sure if someone was diagnosed with cancer 
that they have smoked before the diagnosis
4. Multiple Causation An event occurs as the result of several factors acting in combination ◦ Multiple —> many, Causation —> causes Eg. The more you study, the better your grades will be. ◦ Multiple Causation —> In addition to you studying, there were also many other  things going on as well to make that A happen (Like a good night’s rest before the exam, a good breakfast before the exam, attended class and really payed attention,
etc.)
Sociological Research Methods 1. Experiment 2. Survey 3. Fieldwork 4. Historical  5. Comparative 6. Life History
background image 7. Content Analysis Sampling Simply means choosing some people to participate in your study Experiment Artificially created situation that allows a researcher to manipulate variables  ◦ **Experiments are the least common method of research in sociology Experiments aren’t used so often because of the  Hawthorne       effect     ­     Unintended influence of the  observers of experiments on the subjects Eg. Zimbardo’s Prison Experiment  ◦ Gathered college males with no criminal background which took apart of a make­ believe prison in Stanford. Some guys were assigned to be guards and the other 
ones were assigned to be prisoners. They had costumes and all. Zimbardo took 
note and watched. It turned out to resemble a real prison. Survey Questionnaire that provides sociologists with information about how people think and act ◦ **Most popular and common method of research in sociology Quantitative research = large sample; use statistics to analyze your data Most questions in a survey are closed ended questions  ◦ (multiple choice, t/f, y/n) Very few open­ended questions Fieldwork Research that takes place in the natural setting ◦ Being out in the field Qualitative research (opposite of quantitative) = small sample; use non­statistical techniques to  analyze your data Eg. In­depth interviewing Eg. Participant observation = when the researcher becomes a member of the group they’re 
studying, either with or without informing the group they are a researcher.
Historical Study events that took place in the past Comparative Comparing information from different places ◦ Eg. United States health care system vs German health care system Life History Create a biography of a person or group ◦ **If you conduct Life History research you could combine multiple research  methods Content Analysis   Analyzing the media for patterns and their effects Eg. Observing family sitcoms and TV and analyze  **For exam, think about strengths and limitations of each research method The wrong way to do research is by picking a method you really like with any research topic. 
The right way to do research is to go through the methods and choose one that is best suited for 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida Atlantic University who use StudySoup to get ahead
8 Pages 37 Views 29 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida Atlantic University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Florida Atlantic University
Department: OTHER
Course: Sociological Perspectives
Professor: Gina Carreno-Lukasik
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: sociology, research, and methods
Name: Sociological Perspectives, Week 2
Description: These are notes for chapter 2, research methods.
Uploaded: 01/25/2018
8 Pages 37 Views 29 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FAU - SOC 1000 - Class Notes - Week 2
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to FAU - SOC 1000 - Class Notes - Week 2

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here