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UM - INTL 101 - Class Notes - Week 2

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UM - INTL 101 - Class Notes - Week 2

School: University of Michigan
Department: International Studies
Course: Introduction to International Studies
Professor: Greta Uehling
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Diplomacy
Name: International 101 - weeks 1.5-3
Description: Cover both guest speakers and past the first 1.5 weeks also with the first weeks notes included
Uploaded: 01/25/2018
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background image MODULE 1 Globalization: The process through which regions have become more 
interdependent through intensified communication, transportation, and trade
1) Economic: integration of commodity, capital and labor markets
2) Political: increasing role for supra-state organizations like WTO and 
regional organizations like EU 3) Cultural: transmission of cultural products like music, cuisine, and  film; identities like global citizenship  Through global flows of people, goods, capital, and information Benefits of Globalization - Spread of info, ideas, tech, knowledge 
-Diversified/expanded innovations
-Increased trade and investment development and economic growth
Harms of Globalization - Rapid hostile/harmful communication
- Loss of indigenous traditions
- Exploitation of workers
- Critics argue globalization creates domination
- Homogenization 
 
Net Migration Flows
3% of world population is currently in migration 640 million would like to permanently migrate US is preferred destination for 23%  1 million receive Legal Permanent Resident Status in US annually Why Individuals Migrate Internationally  War  Prosperity/Opportunity  Family Reunification  Religious Persecution Categories of Motivations for Migration Internationally “Voluntary” o Subject t meeting requirements for range of visas “Forced” o Eligible for significant protection under international law
background image o Asylum seekers and refugees have well founded fears of  persecution Countries have obligation to national security, yet also to international 
law and Migrants’ Rights – providing protection of generally vulnerable 
migrants while simultaneously restricting unwarranted migrants to 
ensure safety
Enforcement First Philosophy Border enforcement (BPE) Detaining & removing non-citizens (ICE) Visa requirements Workplace enforcement Data sharing Creates HUGE spending on Border Enforcement  CONSEQUENCES o Difficult to come and go for unauthorized people for work and  border tightens  Unauthorized immigrants don’t leave  
unauthorized and overall population increase
o Harder border to cross  more inclined to use human smuggler   more smuggler charges  more resources for smuggler/more 
illegal opportunities  creates potential for increased harm and 
violence to society
o Families separated Human Smuggling  The facilitation/transport/attempted transport of person(s) across an 
international border, in violation of 1+ countries’ laws
Human Trafficking Combination of the Act + Means + Purpose Act o Recruitment
o Transfer
o Transport
o Harboring
o Receipt
Means o Threat
o Use of force
o Abduction
o Coercion
o Fraud
Purpose
background image o Exploitation
o Prostitution
o Forced Labor
o Removal of Organs
Trafficking vs Smuggling 1 Role of border a. Smuggling = Crossing border
b. Trafficking not necessarily across border or anywhere
2 Nature of Relationship a. Smuggling = Consensual – mutual agreement – fee for service
b. Trafficking = no consent/fraudulent/coercive conditions - 
exploitative 3 Type of Crime a. Smuggling = collusion to break a countries’ border law – crime  against state b. Trafficking = violation of human rights Regional Human Trafficking Patterns  China “trade model” o  High cost 
o  Vulnerability
 Post-Soviet “Natural Resource” Model o  Treat people as resource for sale
o  Small operations that look to turn quick profit
 ISIS “war model” o  Ideological agendas in selection
o  Look for non-muslims
 US-Mexican “Supermarket” model o  Trying to move as many people as possible for as little cost as  possible o  Bulk trafficking
o  Profit motive
Reintegration Factors  Psychological o  Identification w/ trafficker
o  Build relationship w/ trafficker to make things better after 
conclusion that escape is impossible o  Family loyalty – don’t want to ruin financial arrangements  trafficker made for purchase of child o  Religious belief – karma by being trafficked  Gender Inequality o  Poor female conditions leaving them vulnerable to accepting  fraudulent offers
background image  Stigma/HIV o  Embarrassed/Scared to go back because of stigma of  prostitution/ disease Human Trafficking and Globalization – How globalization facilitates Trafficking 1) Long Supply Chains a. Practice that links supply of product to demand for product  through multiple intermediaries  2) Privatization of Formerly State Enterprises a. Job Loss  vulnerable to traffickers
b. Union stops subsidizing state enterprises 
3) Technological innovation a. New private/secret/able to scheme banking to move profits  without detection Positive Trends o Supply chain monitoring – every step
o Good corporate citizenship – ethical responsibilities
o Government advertising campaigns
o Technological advances
International Legal Response o UNODC – United Nations office on Drugs and Crime
o UN Convention on Suppression of Transnational Organized Crime
o Supplemental Palermo Protocols – 2003/2004
o Includes all forms
o Recognized interdependence
o Holistic: Prosecution, protection & prevention
International Framework 1) Prosecution  a. Pass legislation
b.  Bring perpetrators to trial
2) Prevention  a.  Increase awareness
b. Reduce demand
c.  Address economic factors in countries of origin
3) Protection a. Visas and immigration status Domestic Response o State Department Tier Ranking Enactment of Laws Victim Identification Funding & Partnerships
background image Victims/Survivors o Nobody who has been trafficked considers themselves a  victim o Think of themselves as people who made bad choices with  trafficking as the consequences o Just want resources to restart their lives TEXTBOOK CHAPTER 1:  Increasing global interdependence        Globalization  o  Process through which regions have become more  interdependent through communication, transportation, and 
trade facilitated by intensified transnational movement of ideas, 
info, people, goods, and capital
o  Processes that bring parts of the world into greater  interdependence o  Has facilitated waves of democratization
o  Striking trends indicating loss of diversity
       Flows o  One of most important is transfer of cultural products    IE: Cuisine, fashion, music,  film etc.      Film is agent of globalization  Bring people, ideas, and technology together  Both a cause AND effect of globalization        What’s in a Dumpling? o        Seanon Wong o  Argues that local cultures have thrived in today’s globalization  environment by benefitting from enlarged markets and modern 
business management 
o  American’s should not hesitate to promote their culture  worldwide because it is “fundamentally different” and provides 
“the best model for the future”
o  COMMON ASSUMPTION: Indigenous cultures are giving way to  the uniform culture of “McWorld”    Entry of Western fast food has altered dietary habits of 
many Chinese
   Globalization is means of propagating elements of 
traditional cultures in novel/modern ways
o  “McWorld”    Some Chinese restaurants, including 
traditional/local/generational favorites, soon driven out of 
business in favor of Western food
 Alarming invasion to both local food industry and 
national pride of Chinese culinary culture

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School: University of Michigan
Department: International Studies
Course: Introduction to International Studies
Professor: Greta Uehling
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Diplomacy
Name: International 101 - weeks 1.5-3
Description: Cover both guest speakers and past the first 1.5 weeks also with the first weeks notes included
Uploaded: 01/25/2018
22 Pages 49 Views 39 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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