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GSU - PSY 3280 - Class Notes - Week 3

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GSU - PSY 3280 - Class Notes - Week 3

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background image J Headrick    1/22/18 & 1/24/18  Week Three  Chapter Two  Biopsychosocial Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior and Methods of Treatment    These  notes  are  a  combination  of  class  lecture,  textbook,  power  point  slides,  talking  points,  discussion notes, and assigned readings on D2L.  a)  Anatomy of a neuron *figures 2.1 & 2.2 in textbook*  i)  Cell body (soma)  ii)  Dendrites – root like structure at the end of a neuron that receive messages from other  neurons  iii) Axon – long thin structure along which impulses travel; wrapped in a myelin sheath  that helps with the transmission of neural impulses  (1) Tipped with terminal buttons  b)  The  chemical  substances  that  transmit  messages  from  one  neuron  to  another  are  called  neurotransmitters  *Table  2.1  neurotransmitter  functions  and  their  relationships  with  abnormal behavior*  c)  The junction between one neuron and another are called synapses   d)  Organization of the nervous system  i)  Central Nervous System  (1) Spinal cord – column of nerve fibers that connect the central and peripheral system  (2) Brain – divided into three major parts  (a)  Hindbrain – cerebellum, pons, medulla  (b) Midbrain – the brain stem 
background image J Headrick    (c)  Forebrain – cerebral cortex, thalamus, & hypothalamus    ii)  Peripheral Nervous System  (1) The autonomic system – regulates involuntary bodily systems such as heart rate,  respiration, digestion, and pupil contraction  (a)  Sympathetic – responds to threats by speeding up heart rate and respiration  (b) Parasympathetic – promotes bodily processes (heart rate, digestion…)  (2) The  somatic  system  –  carries  sensory  information  from  organs  to  the  central  nervous system and relays motor commands to muscles; Voluntary movements  e)  Epigenetics  –  the  study  of  gene  expression  in  psychological  disorders  as  well  as  how  environmental factors influence genetic expression  f)  Biological perspective (aka the medical model)  i)  For some disorders biological factors play a causative role  ii)  Nature Vs. Nurture – the debate on whether genetics or home life play more of a factor  on development  g)  Freudian theory (aka psychodynamic)  i)  Parts of the mind *figure 2.5 in text book*  (1) Ego – preconscious, unconscious, and conscious  (2) Superego - preconscious, unconscious, and conscious  (3) Id – unconscious; impulses and wishes  ii)  Defense mechanisms  (1) Repression- banishing urges, wishes, or impulses to the unconscious mind  (2) Denial- refusal to accept the reality of a threatening or unsafe behavior 
background image J Headrick    (3) Rationalization- self justification of unacceptable behaviors  (4) Displacement- directing one`s unacceptable behavior into safer behavior  (5) Projection- attributing one`s own impulses or wishes to another person  (6) Reaction formation- taking the opposite stance to what one truly wishes or believes  so as to keep one`s genuine impulses repressed  (7) Regression- returning to behavior associated with the early stages of development  (8) Sublimation- channeling one`s own impulses into more socially acceptable pursuits  or activities  h)  Karen  Horney-  German  psychoanalyst  know  for  significant  contributions  to  personality  theory and feminine psychology  i)  Erik Erikson- German psychologist know for psychosocial development theory  j)  Margaret  Mahler-  Hungarian  physician  turned  psychiatrist  know  her  work  in  psychoanalysis and normally developing children  k)  Ivan Pavlov- Russian physiologist known for work in classical conditioning- particularly  for his work with dogs *figure 2.7*  l)  B. F. Skinner- American Psychologist known as the father of behaviorism  m)  Carl Rogers- American psychologist known as a founder of the humanistic approach  n)  Abraham  Maslow-  American  psychologist  known  for  creating  a  hierarchy  of  needs  and  theories of psychological health  o)  Albert Ellis- American cognitive theorist known for the rational emotive behavior theory  p)  Aaron Beck- American Psychiatrist known as the father of cognitive therapy  q)  The therapeutic relationship requires a systematic interaction between therapist and client  in order to help a client achieve their therapy goals 

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School: Georgia Southern University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Stephen Johnson
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: Abnormal psychology, abnormal psych, abnormal, neurons, Neuro, neurotransmitters, epigenetics, nervous system, Biopsychosocial, Therapy, Psychotherapy, Humanistic Psychology, behavioral analysis, psychiatry, #Learning #Classical #Operant #conditioning #Stimulus #IvanPavlov #BFSKinner #Reinforcement, Abraham Maslow, Race; gender; race and mental health; race and mental illness; gender and mental health; gender and mental illness; sociology of mental health; sociology; social causation; social selection; social drift; women; men; freudian theory; anxiety; depression;, Defense Mechanisms, Ego, Superego, Id, and Carl Jung
Name: Ab Psyc - week three
Description: Biopsychosocial perspectives on abnormal behavior
Uploaded: 01/25/2018
12 Pages 33 Views 26 Unlocks
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