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Texas A&M - PSYC 305 - PSYC 305 1/26/2018 - Class Notes

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Texas A&M - PSYC 305 - PSYC 305 1/26/2018 - Class Notes

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KNOW defense mechanisms, will be on test
1. Involving the reversion to immaturity is called __?  Regression 2. Behaving in away opposite of one’s true feelings is called ___?  Reaction formation 3. What name is associated with behaviorism?  Bandura 4. When you think of Pavlov, what do you think of?  Classical conditioning 5. When you think of Skinner, what should you think of?  Operant conditioning 6. When associating a previously neutral stimulus with another stimulus that evokes a  response, this is called __?  Classical conditioning 7. Example: Elevators are just fine, but then say you get trapped for hours and think you  will die. From now on, you have a phobia of elevators.  a. What is the neutral stimulus?  The elevator b. What is the unconditioned stimulus?  Being trapped in an elevator c. What is the unconditioned response?  fear ­Unconditioned means you don’t have to do anything for the response 8. What is a treatment for classical conditioning ? Extinction 9. The gradual disappearance of a conditioned response is called __?  Extinction 10. Conditioned response take a neutral stimulus and condition it by connecting the neutral  stimulus with what?  An unconditioned stimulus 11. What type of conditioning is formed by learning from consequences?  Operant  conditioning (Skinner) 12. In operant conditioning it takes the concepts that favorable consequences leads to a  repeat in responses, and unfavorable consequences leads to what?  A decrease in a  response 13. When you hear reinforcement think of what?  Increase in response behavior 14. When you hear punishment think of what?  Decrease in response behavior 15. When a response increases in frequency due to the “reward” or arrival of a pleasant  stimulus, this is called ___ ___?  Positive reinforcement 16. When a response occurs more commonly due to the removal of something unpleasant,  this is called ___?  Negative reinforcement 17. When you call in sick, and you lose anxiety, what is this an example of?  Negative  reinforcement a. What unpleasant stimulus is removed?  anxiety 18. When a response is lowered by the consequence of an unpleasant stimulus, this is  called ___?  Punishment 19. When a response is lowered by the consequence of removing a stimulus (positive) is  called ___?  Negative punishment 20. What is grounding classified as?  Punishment 21. Taking away a phone when a teenager gets in trouble is an example of what?  Negative  punishment  22. What are 4 ways the psychodynamic theory contributed to society?  1. Unconscious  forces can influence behavior 2. Internal conflict is key to mental distress 3. Early 
childhood influences adult personality 4. People rely on defense mechanisms

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School: Texas A&M University
Department: Psychology
Course: Psychology of Adjustment
Professor: Jeanette Madkins
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: conditioning, Psychology, TexasA&MUniversity, behaviorism, Classical, operant, punishment, and reinforcement
Name: PSYC 305 1/26/2018
Description: Friday's lecture on the theories of personality and there downfalls and contributions
Uploaded: 01/26/2018
2 Pages 25 Views 20 Unlocks
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