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WSU / Psychology / PSY 4320 / How do cybertherapy and other applicants of technology work?

How do cybertherapy and other applicants of technology work?

How do cybertherapy and other applicants of technology work?

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"}ul.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e70dt4n4hh3k-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_al4u94ft9644-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_al4u94ft9644-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-3 0}.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_al4u94ft9644-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_al4u94ft9644-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-0}.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_al4u94ft9644-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_al4u94ft9644-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_opdtwniw4m3t-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_al4u94ft9644-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-1}.lst-kix_al4u94ft9644-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-2 0}.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-8}.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-8 0}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-5}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-4}ul.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_29wg72jrzyn1-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-3,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-7}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_29wg72jrzyn1-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_29wg72jrzyn1-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-8 0}.lst-kix_29wg72jrzyn1-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_29wg72jrzyn1-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-4}ul.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m98jhzh3vcp3-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2x5y4dpo1n2n-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_2x5y4dpo1n2n-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-5}ul.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2x5y4dpo1n2n-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nszi2mrfpppv-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-3}.lst-kix_2x5y4dpo1n2n-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-6}.lst-kix_al4u94ft9644-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-0}.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-0 0}.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-3}ul.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_68uf90jb8w5l-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-1 0}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-6 0}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-7 0}.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3f9hz3flpcz4-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-0 0}.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-2}ul.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-1}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-1 0}.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pkj3we1ymn2s-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_49fg2lvzre0i-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-6 0}ul.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_576wfj4unywo-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_85ebgyy2uu1c-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-2 0}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-0,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-4 0}.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qqq29d2l4wl8-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_29wg72jrzyn1-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_pkdf5dzcvwvc-5 0}ul.lst-kix_29wg72jrzyn1-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_6221ykuytiy-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_6221ykuytiy-8,lower-roman) ". 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Chapter 2 Evolution of Clinical Psychology If you want to learn more check out How to find velocity using calculus?

Origins of the Field

  • Didn't rise until after the 20th Century

Early Pioneers

  • Shunned by society and were “treated" in institutions that resembled prisons more than they did hospitals:

William Tuve (1732- 1822)

  • England
  • koval treatment (took into accounts their basic needs and comforts).
  • Most influential practice
  • Influenced Philippe Pinel
  • opened the YORK Retreat →  Improved mentally ill patients along with providing them the best care and food

Philippe Pinel (1775-1826)

  • Also founded moral treatment
  • Waved as a medical journalist, then as a unlicensed doctor in a private asylum
  • France
  • keep track of patients medicine treatment notes illness etc

Eli Todd (1742-1832)

  • Convinced political and community leaders of the need for a facility reflective of emerging medical thought on the treatment of mental illness
  • Physician in Conneticut in the 1800s
  • opened the Retreat in hartford, Connecticut in 1824
  • Patients had significant input in their own treatment decisions

Dorothea Dix (1802-1887)

  • Started a small girls school for girls who weren't welcomed in public schools at the time.
  • Petitioned for improvements
  • Provided her service to injured soldiers
  • Establishment of more than 30 state institutions for the mental ill throughout the U.S.

Lighter Witmer and the Creation of Clinical Psychology

  • Published the 1st edition of psychological clinic, 1907
  • "Dynamic approach”
  • Student of Wihelm wundt (founder of experimental)
  • 1896, founded the 1st psychological clinic at university of pennsylvania, needs of children

Assessment We also discuss several other topics like Who are the communitarians?

Diagnostic Issues

  • Mental illnesses were often place in one of two broad categories: Neurosis and psychosis

Neurosis

  • individuals were thought to suffer from psychiatric symptoms but to maintain an intact grasp on reality

psychotic

  • Individuals demonstrate a break from reality in the form hallucinations, delusions, or grossly disorganized thinking

Phillipe Pinet considered to be one of the founders of Psychiatry

  • He worked to change hospital Conditions and attitudes So more human treatment was provided

Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926)

  • German psychiatrist he researched between brain biology and mental illnesses
  • Founder of psychopharmacology study of the effects of psychiatric drugs on the nervous system.
  • Rejected the theories of Sigmud Freud (felt he focused too much on early sexual experiences, and less on biology).
  • He divided mental illness into 2 categories
  1. “Manic - depressive psychosis” = bipolar disorders
  2. “Dimentia praecox” = schizophrenia
  • “Father of descriptive psychiatry”
  • He offered two categories:
  1. Exogenous disorders (external factors)
  2. Endogenous disorders (internal factors)

We also discuss several other topics like What is ancient greek art?

Proposed the terms, parancia, manic depressive psychosis, involutional melancholia, cyclothymic personality and autistic personality

  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

  • First DSM published in 1952
  • Way to collect statistics in the US
  • In 1840, the US included 1 single category “idiory / insanity”
  • Published by the american psychiatric association

  • DSM - III was published in 1980 and provided a significance advancement by including specific diagnostic criteria for disorders
  • Introduced multiaxial system, a way of cataloguing problems of diff. kinds on diff. axes which remained for multiple editions before being taken out of the most recent
  • DSM - III -R (1987), DSM - IV (1994), DSM - IV - TR (200)
  • Most drastic change was DSM - III (198)
  • DSM - 5 published in 2013 after significant anticipation and controversy.
  • Improve diagnoses, treatment, and research

 We also discuss several other topics like What is the history of business ethics?
If you want to learn more check out The phonograph is invented by whom?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the importance of measurement?

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