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IU / 102 / 102 109 / What is the basic idea of psychoanalytic theory?

What is the basic idea of psychoanalytic theory?

What is the basic idea of psychoanalytic theory?

Description

School: Indiana University
Department: 102
Course: Introductory Psychology 2
Professor: Lisa thomassen
Term: Spring 2016
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: theories of personality
Description: psychoanalytic theories
Uploaded: 01/28/2018
3 Pages 48 Views 2 Unlocks
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Theories of Personality 01/19/2018­01/24/2018


What is the basic idea of psychoanalytic theory?



1. Psychoanalytic theory (Freud)

a. Core of personality: intrapsychic events (events within the mind that motivate  behavior)

i. Psychological determination: all behavior = determined by motives (not  chance) 

ii. motives = drives (instinctive)

1. basic human goal = achieve pleasure, avoid pain (pleasure 

principle)

2. 2 major drives

a. Sex (eros) – includes all pleasurable things

b. Aggression – includes death, destruction

c. Pushes all behavior

3. Drives = present at birth

b. The structure of personality

i. 3 layers of mind (contain thought, feelings, motivations)


What is the difference between oedipus complex and electra complex?



1. Conscious: awareness

2. Preconscious : not currently aware, but can become aware

a. Memories

b. Stored knowledge

3. Unconscious: cant bring into awareness

a. Dreams             through psychoanalysis, bring unconscious 

material into consciousness

b. Freudian slips           slips of the tongue

    c.       Where sex and aggression derive 

i.   Fears

ii.   Unacceptable sexual desire

iii.   Immoral urges


What is the structural model of personality?



iv.   Shameful experiences

v.   People who experience trauma, sometimes these  If you want to learn more check out Can evolution occur without genetic variation?
If you want to learn more check out What are the pros and cons of donating eggs?

experiences are pushed into the unconscious

ii.   3 personality structures

1.   Id: (infant)

a.   major needs and basic needs (sex and aggression)

b.   irrational, impulsive

c.   immediate gratification          pleasure principle

2.   Superego: (angel on shoulder)

a.   Morals and values: conscience

b.   Age 3­5 = internalize society’s values and feel guilty

3.   Ego: (mediator)

a.   Mediates conflict between id and superego

b.   Reality principle: compromise: choose actions that gratify 

id without undesirable consequences

c.   Defense mechanisms: ego         keep unacceptable id urges We also discuss several other topics like What does one go through the pre-production of film-making?

from leaching consciousness         anxiety

i.   Repression: anxiety­provoking thoughts, impulses, 

memories are pushed out of awareness

1.   Ex. trauma (recovered memories)

ii.   Denial: anxiety­filled events are barred from 

awareness

1.   Ex. loved one      catastrophe       “still alive”

iii.   Projection: project (attribute) own acceptable 

impulses onto others

1.   Ex. being attracted to roomates significant  If you want to learn more check out What are the twenty common amino acids?

other If you want to learn more check out What is the correct format for scientific genus and species' names?

iv.   Reaction formation: converting an unacceptable  Don't forget about the age old question of What was the main idea of bauhaus?

feeling into its opposite

v.   Rationalization : creating excuses to justify 

failures/shortcomings

1.   Ex. fail exam       exam was unfairly difficult

vi.   Sublimation: channeling impulses into socially 

acceptable activities

c.   Psychosexual stages

i.   Developmental stages = child passes through in order

1.   Birth       id: sex drive looking for outlet (pleasure source)

2.   Each stage:

a.   Erogenous zone = body are that provides pleasure

ii.   Fixation: energy still focused on earlier stage

    iii.    Stages:

1.   Oral: (birth­1 ½ year) 

a.   Zone: mouth/tongue/lips

b.   Task: weaning (off breast/bottle milk?

c.   Fixation: 

i.   Oral­receptive          pleasure

1.   Ex. smoking, eating, chewing gum, kissing

ii.   Oral­aggressive        destructive

1.   Chewing ice, verbally hostile, biting

2.   Anal (1 ½ yr – 3 yr)

a.   Zone: anus

b.   Task: toilet­training

c.   Fixation:

i.   Anal­retentive:

1.   Clean and orderly

2.   Stubborn, stingy

ii.   Anal­expulsive

1.   Messy 

2.   Emotional outbursts

3.   Phallic: (3­6 yr)

a.   Zone: penis

b.   Task: identify w/ same sex parents

Oedipus complex: (little boys in pre­school)

∙ Loves mom

∙ Hates dad

∙ Castration­anxiety (dad cutting off penis)

Electra complex:

∙ Love dad

∙ Hates mom

∙ Penis­envy (little girls feel inferior because of their lack of a penis)

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