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FSU - CLP 4143 - CLP4143 Study Guide 1 - Study Guide

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background image   1) Define abnormal psychology. The study of people who suffer mental, emotional, and often 
physical pain (sometimes known as psychopathology)
2) Describe the continuum model of abnormality.  Either don’t have psychiatric problems or we do have abnormal 
behavior. Those in the middle are socially established division 
between normal and abnormal behavior
3) Describe the “four Ds” of abnormality.  Dysfunction – interfering with the person’s ability to function in
daily life, to hold a job, or to form close relationships
Distress – physical or emotional pain associated with behaviors or
feelings causing distress to the individual or to those around 
them.
Deviance – influenced by cultural norms
Dangerousness ­ dangerous behaviors and feelings to themselves or 
to others
4) Apply the “four Ds” to determine whether you think a given behavior is abnormal. If the behaviors and feelings interfere with her daily 
functioning, cause suffering, highly unusual and potentially 
dangerous
5) Discuss how social norms influence what is determined to be “abnormal.”
Largely depends on which cultures these individuals display their 
behaviors in. social norms are generally stereotypes and upholding
them within a community – if something seems disorderly or out of 
place, then it is considered abnormal, though it does not indicate
whether or not it’s a disorder. 
6) Know the following KEY TERMS from Chapter 2 (These will come back again and again  throughout the class!) biological approach: looking at a 
situation in a biological standpoint
amygdala: structure of the limbic system
associated with emotions
limbic system: central core of brain and 
interconnected with the hypothalamus; 
set of structures that regulate many 
instinctive and emotional behaviors
neurotransmitters: biochemical that are 
messengers, carrying impulses from one 
neuron, or nerve cell, to another.
Reuptake: initial neuron releasing the 
neurotransmitter into the synapse 
reabsorbs the neurotransmitter, 
decreasing the amount left in the synapse.
endocrine system: system of glands 
produces chemicals called hormones 
which is released into the blood
behavior genetics: study of genetics of 
personality and abnormality – concerned 
with what extent behaviors or behavioral 
tendencies are inherited and the processes
by which genes affect behavior.
background image   Polygenic: multiple abnormal genes 
come together in one individual to create 
a disorder
Epigenetics: environmental conditions 
can affect the expression of genes.
psychological approach: focuses on the 
processes behavioral and cognitive 
standpoints
behavioral approaches: influence of 
reinforcements and punishments in 
producing behavior
classical conditioning: a stimulus is 
presented with a conditioned stimulus 
which will manipulate the response
operant conditioning: positive and 
negative reinforcements and punishments
modeling
systematic desensitization therapy: a 
gradual method for extinguishing anxiety
responses to stimuli and the maladaptive 
cognitive theories: it is not just rewards 
and punishments 
cognitions: thoughts or beliefs that shape
our behavior and the emotions we 
experience
psychodynamic theories: explain both 
normal and abnormal behavior with 
similar processes. They’ve played a 
major role in shaping psychology and 
psychiatry over the past century
causal attribution: explaining why 
something happened
locus of control: circumstances of life 
that have to do with external things of life
or that have to do with me. 
global assumption: beliefs that 
encompass all types of situations
humanistic approaches: focuses on the 
idea that all humans strive to fulfill their 
potential for good and self­actualize. 
Also views that the pressures of society 
make us conform to others’ expectations
self­actualization: fulfillment of one’s 
potential for love, creativity and meaning
family systems theories 
emotion­focused approaches: 
sociocultural approach: view mental 
disorders as a result of environmental 
conditions and cultural norms
diathesis­stress model: model that 
requires both vulnerability and stress/a 
trigger for a disorder to emerge

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: abnormal psych, CLP4143, and Psychology
Name: CLP4143 Study Guide 1
Description: Chapters 1-4. Talks about the causes of abnormalities, how they can be diagnosed/treated, as well as the different types of study designs that can be conducted.
Uploaded: 01/28/2018
8 Pages 35 Views 28 Unlocks
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