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GSU - PSYC 1101 - Into to Psych (1101) Chapter 1 Notes - Class Notes

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GSU - PSYC 1101 - Into to Psych (1101) Chapter 1 Notes - Class Notes

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background image C HAPTER  1 G ENERAL   P SYCHOLOGY   I. Psychology’s Roots
A.
The Scientific Attitude
1. Curiosity: To think
2. Skepticism: To question 
3. Humility: Room for error 
B. Psychology was born December 1879
C. Wilhelm Wundt and his assistant created a machine to measure 
how long it took people to press a telegraph key after hearing a 
ball hit a platform
D. Psychology’s earliest pioneers (coined “Magellans of the mind”
by Morton Hunt)
1. Wilhelm Wundt­ father of experimental psychology  2. Charles Darwin­ proposed evolutionary psychology 3. Ivan Pavlov­ known for his work in classical conditioning   4. Sigmund Freud­ created psychoanalysis  a. Psychoanalysis: a system of psychological theory and 
therapy that aims to treat mental disorders by 
investigating the interaction of conscious and 
unconscious elements in the mind. Emphasized our 
unconscious thought processes and our emotional 
responses to childhood experiences  
5. Jean Piaget­ explored children’s developing minds 6. William James­ helped break the mold for women in 
psychology. 
7. Mary Whiton­ elected by her colleagues in 1905 as the first 
female president of the American Psychological Association
(APA)
8. Margaret Floy­ First woman to officially receive a 
psychology Ph.D. and the second, in 1921, to become APA 
president. 
background image E. Psychology’s Early Definitions  1. For the early pioneers,  psychology was defined as: “the  science of  mental life” (1900’s­ 1920’s) a. American psychologists who dismissed this idea: i. John B. Watson ii. B.F. Skinner 
­ BOTH insisted that psychology must be 
“the scientific study of  observable  behavior.” (1920’s­ 60’s)  F. Psychology’s Two Major Forces 1. Behaviorism 
2. Freudian psychology 
a. Humanistic psychologists (1960’s): (Led by Carl Rogers 
and Abraham Maslow) found behaviorism and Freudian 
psychology too limiting. Stressed people’s growth 
potential, our needs for love and acceptance and how an 
environment can help or hinder personal growth 
i. Cognitive Psychology (1960’s): Led the 
field back to its early interest in mental 
processes. Today it continues its scientific 
exploration of how we 
perceive, process,  and  remember information, and of how  thinking and emotion interact in anxiety, 
depression, and other disorders 
II. Contemporary Psychology 
A. Types of Psychologists
1. Biological psychologists: explore the links between brain 
and 
mind  2. Developmental psychologists: study our challenging 
abilities from “womb to tomb” (over our lifetime)
3. Cognitive psychologists: experiment with how we perceive, 
think, and solve problems 
4. Personality psychologists: study our persistent traits  2

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School: Georgia State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Intro to General Psychology
Professor: Herring
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Scientificmethod, scientificattitudes, psychologyspioneers, Theory, hypothesis, naturevsnurture, casestudy, naturalisticobservation, Survey, experimentation, IndependentVariable, DependentVariable, controlgroup, placebo, debriefing, informedconsent, and Psychology
Name: Into to Psych (1101) Chapter 1 Notes
Description: These notes cover the Scientific Attitude as well as the scientific method, Psychology's roots and perspectives, as critical thinking tools.
Uploaded: 01/28/2018
6 Pages 38 Views 30 Unlocks
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