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Temple - CJ 2501 - Introduction to Criminal Law Week 2 Notes - Class

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Temple - CJ 2501 - Introduction to Criminal Law Week 2 Notes - Class

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background image Criminal Law Week 2 Notes 1/22/2018 Categorize Crime: Mala in se vs. mala prohibita Mala in se­ a crime that is inherently evil (examples: murder, rape, theft) Mala prohbita­ a crime because society has prohibited it by statute (examples: 
prostitution, drug offenses, mercy killings (euthanasia))
See HO Felony vs. misdemeanor Felony­ a serious crime punishable by death or imprisonment for more than one year Misdemeanor­ a more minor offense punishable by up to one year in jail See sample statute (Ho) SA/AA Criminal vs. Civil Law Criminal law­ a legal action brought by a prosecutor (State vs. Jones) Standard proof beyond a reasonable doubt (think of it as scales) Criminal conviction may result in a loss of liberty Jail/probation Civil law­ a legal action for a civil wrong is brought by an individual rather than by a 
state prosecutor (Smith v. Jones)
Civil burden proof­ preponderance of the evidence (or roughly 51 percent 
certainty)
Punishment­ damages (monetary) 1/24/18 Case brief­ condensed, concise outline and summary of the court opinion More efficient to learn case law (rule of law) Standard format­ opinions have uniformity how they are written Main Sources of Criminal Law Common law­ foundation of American criminal law (adopted from the English via the 
American colonies)
Judges rely on precedent (similar cases when making decisions in future cases) Constitutional law­ restrictions on government conduct to protect citizens (example: 
8
th  amendment “cruel and unusual punishment”) Statutory law­ law written in state crime codes Administrative law­ EPA, FDA (regulatory); federal government is regulated by these
agencies (not tested on this)
Model Penal Code
background image Established in 1962 by a group of lawyers, judges, and scholars (independent group 
facilitated by the American Law Institute) for the purpose of unifying criminal law 
across states
State legislatures in formulating the content of criminal codes have relied on code Roughly 37 states have adopted varying parts of the code (states that most closely 
follow the code are New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Oregon)
States model their codes from the model penal code Part 1 and Part 2 Offenses Part One Offenses BARRT HAM­ Burglary, arson, rape, robbery, theft, homicide, assault, and motor 
vehicle theft
Violent and property crimes; do not include drug crimes 1/26/18 Rule of law­ each case has a meaningful rule of law Sample Model Brief Case name and year: Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1996) Facts: list parties and salient facts (summarize in your own words) Issue: question for the court­ does the accused have to be informed of their right to 
council if they are in police custody and being interrogated?
Holding­ the court ruled “yes” (majority of the court 5­4 decision); brief statement of 
1­2 sentences
Reasoning: why­ analysis­ the most detailed part of the case brief and should be 
very explicit; looking at the applicable constitutional law and/or the criminal code 
(statute) is critical to explain the reasoning Opinions of the Court Majority opinion­ rule of law Concurrence­ agree, but arrived at the decision differently from the majority Dissent­ disagree and explain Chapter 2: Constitutional Limitations The Constitutional Democracy System of government based on a constitution that limits the power of the 
government
Major constitutional constraints Rule of legality Bill of attainder Ex post­facto

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School: Temple University
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Introduction to Criminal Law
Professor: Metzger
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: Introduction to Criminal Law Week 2 Notes
Description: Notes from the second week of class
Uploaded: 01/28/2018
3 Pages 29 Views 23 Unlocks
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