Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

FSU - POS 3122 - pos 3122 CLASS NOTES - Class Notes

Created by: Brianna Rosen Elite Notetaker

> > > > FSU - POS 3122 - pos 3122 CLASS NOTES - Class Notes

FSU - POS 3122 - pos 3122 CLASS NOTES - Class Notes

This preview shows pages 1 - 3 of a 11 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image POS 3122 (January 10) (EXTRA CREDIT WILL MAINLY BE ON HARRY POTTER QUESTIONS) Introduction to state and local politics - Themes o State and local government is vitally important to your life
o Political institutions matter
o Political reform can happen
o Comparisons can help us understand 
- Government  o Created as a solution to collective action problems
o Collective action problem: when everyone benefits from the action 
of a group and there is no way to stop those who don ’t help from  gaining this benefit  No one has an economic incentive to contribute individually o Government consists of the people who are hired and the  institutions that are established to accomplish these common tasks 
that help us all. 
- Politics and public policy o Politics is the process that people use to determine what their  government will do  o Public policy consists of a government decisions and actions that  are designed to achieve the common goals identified through 
politics
Variation Across the States - Geography and history o Because of the soil, the southeast was especially suited for tobacco  and cotton farming, leading to plantations and slavery o Rivers in New England promoted manufacturing and factories - Social forces o Population growth/decline - More variation o Economic characteristics  How people earn their living can have significant effects on 
government processes.
Singular vs. diversified economies o Political beliefs and attitudes Political culture Political Institutions - Political institutions consist of a set of rules that limit choices - State constitutions define and structure the states political institutions  o Most echo the bill of rights as minimum
o Often has more public policy than the U.S. constitution 
The Comparative Method - Science consists of developing general theories about how the world 
works
background image o Step 2: derive hypothesis from those theories. Theories explain why.
o Step 3: make observations to test hypothesis (collect data). 
Hypothesis is one sentence statement on what you expect to 
happen.
o Step 4: analyze the data. Hypothesis tells you what data to get. Descriptive Inference - Good description offers us a profile of interest including: o Unit of interest (individuals, states, countries)
o The degree of variation
o Both quantitative and qualitative judgments 
- Descriptions is  not  the goal of science:  explanation  of causal  relationships is the goal Causal Inference Correlation: happens together a lot, when X moves Y moves. Private 
school then you take the SAT 
Temporal precedence:  something doesn
’t happen before hand. For  example, the fire truck doesn ’t come before the fire. Does X happen before Y. Non-spuriousness: more involved parents send their kids to  private 
school who are more likely to do better in the SAT (triangle is a spurious 
diagram) Z affects the X and Y relationship
Theory - Maps out the causal process by which X Influences Y - It should explain how and why a change in the values of your independent
variable (x) change values in the dependent variable (y).
o Do governors with term limits use more unilateral action?
o Why do some countries have more women in government than 
others? - Your theory should generate testable hypothesis.  - Private school and the effect on its SAT scores. SAT depends on whether 
you went to private school or not. SAT is the dependent variable. What is 
affecting what X  Y
o X happens first, then Y - Theory is a long explanation  Data - To test hypothesis, we must measure our concepts o Measurement permits us to examine data and evaluate co-variation - Comparison is the cornerstone of causation o We need to be able to compare unites where the independent  variable is present and others where it is not  o This is where states provide and advantage  The Comparative Method: Analysis  - In social science, the unit of analysis are often so diverse that a particular 
variation may have many possible explanations
background image - One of the assumptions of causality is that there ’s non-spuriousness –  nothing is affecting the relationship between the independent and 
dependent variable 
o This can be difficult to achieve if our observations are not  independent of each other, or if we don ’t think through our theory Construction Theory: Deduction and Induction - Deduction: o Theory first, then empirical testing - Induction: o Observation first, then theory construction to explain what was  observed  POS 3122 (January 16) States as Laboratories (Moorehouse and Jewell 2004) - Post 1960s: strengthening of republican party o Stronger party organization for both parties - Primary elections o State gubernatorial endorsements and primaries Concurrent (definition: happening at the same time)  versus  nonconcurrent (definition: not happening at the same time)  elections o Uncontested seats in state legislative elections (1/3) - State elections often autonomous from national races o Voters punish governors for visible state tax increases
o Incumbent 
(definition: often win, people that are running again)   governor wins 80% of the time o Question: Is this democratic? If this is the case, should we have  gubernatorial term limits?  The Governor - Backgrounds: state legislature, other statewide office (attorney general, 
lieutenant governor, etc.), congressional career, law enforcement, 
business
- Goals: advance political careers and secure more federal $ for state  o Have to build coalitions - Formal Powers o Tenure- 14 states have no term limits; all states but NH and VT have 4 year terms. Do they have a term limit or not, how long is the 
term?
o Separately elected executive branch officials o Appointive power- bureaucracy
o Budgetary power- governor prepares budget in 42 states
o Veto power- item veto, veto override (rare)
o Governors want more power for their states  - Question: what are the advantages and disadvantages of having a 
governor with a lot of formal power?
- Governor delivers program in state-of-state address o Power of initiation 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Florida State University
Department: Political Science
Course: State Politics
Professor: Kevin Fahey
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: pos, political, Science, FSU, and 3122
Name: pos 3122 CLASS NOTES
Description: for exam one
Uploaded: 01/29/2018
11 Pages 66 Views 52 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FSU - POS 3122 - Class Notes - Week 3
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to FSU - POS 3122 - Class Notes - Week 3

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here