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SLU / Anatomy / ANAT 1000 / What are 3 types of endocytosis?

What are 3 types of endocytosis?

What are 3 types of endocytosis?

Description

School: Saint Louis University
Department: Anatomy
Course: Basic Human Anatomy
Professor: Craig lawson
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: Exam 1 study guide part 1
Description: This study guide covers chapter 1-4. Answers can be found in previous note guides.
Uploaded: 01/31/2018
11 Pages 28 Views 3 Unlocks
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Exam


What are 3 types of endocytosis?



1

Chapter 1­ planes of the body:  study

guide

Sagittal:  

When you sit on a saddle you spread your body in half

like this.

Chapter 2:  

Frontal

 The You are

separating the front of your body from the back.


What are the ypes of connective tissue?



Transverse

CellsLabel the following as Active or Passive  transport: 

All cells  

come  

from  

preexisti

ng cells

Cell  

Theor

y

smallest  

unit that  

provides  

vital  

functions

_______ Requires ATP  If you want to learn more check out What do we use minerals for?

_______ Facilitated: Has binding receptor  channels Don't forget about the age old question of What is the ability of the brain to adapt structure and function to damage or experience?

_______ Osmosis: Water from high to low  concentration

_______ Uses pump to transport large  molecules  


What are the five layers of the epidermis and their functions?



All life is  

compose

d of cells

_____ _ Goes against concentration gradient  _______ Diffusion from high to low  Don't forget about the age old question of How do you know if its polar or nonpolar?

concentration Match the type of endocytosis to its

function

Pinocytosis

Phagocytos is

Receptor

Mediated

"Eating and recycling dead cells" to bring particular matter into cells

Brings water into a  

cell against a gradient

Bringing specific molecules into cells using ligand

receptors

Know what each part of the  

cytoskeleton does

Cytoskelet

on

Microfillaments

.

:

anchors  

membrane

Forms dense  network within  cell

Microtubule: Cell Strength Cell Rigidity  

Cell Shape

.

Intermediate  fillament:

Adds stability  

Specific to certain  cell types

Label the following based on the characteristics: Microvilli,  Cilia or SterociliaWe also discuss several other topics like What were some new changes in the 2015 dgs?

Beat to move  particles

Intermediate in  length

9 pairs of outer  microtubles and  one center pair.

Non Brancing

Non Motile  Extra long

Branching

Has no  

microtubiles  Has actin

Increases surface  area for absorbtion

Non- branching  

Non- motile

Always the  

shortest  

Which of the following are function of the  Golgi?  

A. Packages and exports things out of  

Which of the following is true about the nucleus?

A. Is triple membraned

the cell and into the body  B. Creates inactive lysosomes C. Helps make ribosomes  D. All of the above  

E. A and B only  

Answ: E Answ: B B. Produces ATP  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the two behaviors of inertia?

C. Has nuclear pores attached  

to smooth ER

D. Controls which proteins are  

made via tRNA

Fill in the different types of cell junctions:  

__ _____ blocks water and other substances from traveling between cells

______ _ sticky like junctions that occur as sheets between cells to  limit passage of substances.

_____ __ Strong junctions that resist twisting and stretching

______ _ allows for narrow channels that allow small molecules to pass between cells.

Word bank: Macula Adherns, Tight Junctions, Gap Junctions,  Zonula Adherns

Chapter 3:  

Tissues

Four Types of Tissues:  

Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Neural  Mnemonic: Every Concert Makes Noise

Don't forget about the age old question of What refers to the number of peaks that exist in a frequency distribution?

How  

many  layers?

Shape of  surface  layer

How to  classify  type of  

epitheliu m

Identify the simple epithelium from the photo: 

Squamous

Alveoli Of  

Lungs Lining of body  cavities

lines vessels  

Cuboidal  

Kidney  

Tubules Pancreas

secretions

Salivitory and  tyroid gland

Columnar

Stomach  

&intestinal  lining Uterus

Excretory  Ducts

Pseudostratifi ed

Nasal Cavity  Trachia  

Bronchi

Where stratified cells are found in the body: 

Squamous

Surface of skin  (keritanized)

Oral Cavity  

Rectum &  

anus

Cuboidal

Sweat gland  

ducts Large exocrine  glands

Columnar

Pharynx

urethra

anus

Transitional

Bladder  

Renal Pelvis Ureter

Match the gland to the type of secretion:Vagina

Stomach

Apocrine: 

• Cell pinches and pat of the cytoplasm is lost with the

secretion 

Connective tissues:

Connective  

Tissue  

Proper

Loose Dense

Types of  

CT

Supporting  

Holocrine:

Fluid  

Connective  

• 3 things lost

Connective  

Tissue

• Cytoplasm, Cell membrane,

Tissue

secretion fluid 

• Whole cell is lost and rebuilt!

Blood &  

Cartilage &  

Merocrine: 

Lymph

Bone

• Only the secretion is given off  by exocytosis

Label the type of connective fiber: Reticular, Collagen or

Elastic

Ex: Tendons and Ligaments •

fexible  

Rope like proteins make the fiber very strong and •

Most common and stongest (Type 1) •

Form the franework for organs like liver and spleen •

Thinner than collagen (Type 3) •

Can branch and can stretch/recoil • Contain elastin protein •

Match the type of  

cartilage

Elastic:

Hyaline:

Fibrocartila ge:

Durable, Found in between

vertebra of

spine

Flexible and

make up the outer ear

Most common

closely packed

collagen fibers  

Found between

joints and in

larynx

Fill in the diagram for the integument system: 

Two major  

parts

5 Layers of 

the  

Flat dead cells on surface

Stratum Corneu

Epidermis  

Word Bank:  

• Skin

• Hair

• Nails  

• Acessories

• Dermis

• Glands

• Epidermis

Stay here for 14 days before being easily faked off  "Corn-Horn- horns are on top of head, corneum top layer

(Top to  Bottom)

Clear layer that is only 1 or 2 cells thick  

Stratum •

Lucidu

Only found in thick skin

"Lucid- liquid- fows like clear substance"

Stratu

m

Where cells start to form keratin  

Granulosa- granuals of keratin form

Granulo 

Looks like they have spiney edges

Stratum Spinosu

Mnemonic:

Melanocytes and langerhan cells found here  Come Let Grandma Start Breakfast 

"Spinosum- spiney edges" 

Attcthed to basal membrane

Where mitosis occurs Stratum Basale

 

"Basale- basement- bottom membrane"

Match the  

cell to its  

function

Melanocytes

Merkel Cells

Langerhan

Keratinocytes

Most abundant cell  

Abandons all organelles and fills with keratin  Found in all layers

Responsible for

producing pigment

Protects from UV rays Only found in basal

Detector cells that

sense touch  

(is a receptor)

Phagocytic and have Antigen Presenting

Cells for immune

recognition.  

Found in Stratum

Basale

Pacinian: Pacinian:

Free endings:  

Free endings:  Interpret pain  

Interpret pain  

Nerve  

Nerve  

ending

ending

s in  

s in  

dermis

dermis

Messier:  Messier:  

Sense deep pressure  

Sense deep pressure  and vibration

and vibration

Label the

Hair:

(Fundamental papille)

(Fundamental papille) Interprets light touch

Interprets light touch

Word Bank 

∙ Hair Shaft  

∙ Epidermis  

∙ Arrector Pili  

Muscle  

∙ Sebaceous  

gland  

∙ Dermis

Eccrine

Sebaceous

Ceruminou

s  

Mammary

Modified  

sweat  

Ceruminou gland in  

s

the ear  

that  

Glan 

ds

Fill in the blanks with the correct gland: Mammar

Sebaceou

 _____ Secrete an oily substance onto hair and skin

Sweat

s

_______ Similar to apocrine glad but it produces milk

_______ The sweat that is found on the rest of the  Secrete  

Appocri

Similar  

body that cools  

ne:

Eccrine:

an oily  

to  

substan

appocrin

armpit  

The sweat  

_______ Modified sweat gland in the ear that produces ce onto  

e glad  

and groin  

that is  

wax  

sweat.  

found on  

but it  

hair and  

Has more  

the rest of  

produces  

skin

protein =  

the body  

_______ Armpit and groin sweat. Has more protein andmilk

produces  

Apocrine

wax  

that cools  

Test Question!!  

bacteria=  smell  

Identify differences between sebaceous glands and sweat glands.

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