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UNLV - HIST 1001 - Class Notes - Week 1

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UNLV - HIST 1001 - Class Notes - Week 1

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background image Etymologies & Definitions  Confederation From Latin foedarare (“to ally”) and foedus (“league”) Federation – a sovereign state formed by union, treaty, or covenant; implies some 
retention of powers by local entities
o Centralized o Unified, centralized state Confederation – a body of independent states permanently united for joint action, 
usually for common action in relation to externals
o Decentralized o Fragmented, independent political units Constitution  Constitution – the system or body of fundamental principles according to which a 
nation, state, or body politic is constituted and governed
Two basic forms: o A system established gradually by precedent Not written down in one particular place or document o A system formally set forth in a document framed on a particular occasion Constitution is more fundamental than any particular law o It contains the principles with which all legislation must be in harmony Revolution Compare definitions o English: A complete overthrow of the established government or state by those  who were previously subject to it; a forcible substitution for a new ruler or form 
of government
o Soviet: A fundamental overturning in the life of a society that leads to the  liquidation of an obsolete social and political order and transfers power into the 
hands of the foremost class
o Persian (Farsi): To overturn, to capsize; upheaval; an insurgency to topple the  existing regime and establish some new governance Revolutions are rare o Profound oppression, deep poverty rarely produce revolutions Revolutions are distinct from revolts, strikes, riots, etc. o Revolts, etc. usually designed to resolve a particular grievance Also distinct from coup d’ etats  o No mass mobilization of idea of social justice  Five Basic Conditions:

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School: University of Nevada - Las Vegas
Department: Art History
Course: HIST Discussion
Professor: Steven Bohigian
Term: Fall 2016
Name: HIST 100: Etymologies and Definitions
Description: week 1 notes
Uploaded: 02/01/2018
2 Pages 35 Views 28 Unlocks
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