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ASU / OTHER / ALA 102 / What is the goal of Brundtland commission?

What is the goal of Brundtland commission?

What is the goal of Brundtland commission?

Description

School: Arizona State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Landscapes and Sustainability
Professor: Edward cook
Term: Fall 2017
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: ALA 102 exam one study guide
Description: Covers lectures 1-5 and the readings
Uploaded: 02/02/2018
3 Pages 9 Views 8 Unlocks
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ALA 102 Study Guide – Exam One


What is the goal of Brundtland commission?



Lecture One

∙ Methodology of landscape architecture  

o Special analysis process: GIS

o Design process: thought process, define, ideate, prototype, test,  implement

o Scenario planning: decision making with multi criteria analysis at a large landscape scale

∙ Landscape architecture practices

o Landscape evaluation: analysis of the elements in a landscape  human use as primary determinant, require interdisciplinary  specialists  

o Site planning: incorporates site characteristics, fused with  human needs  

o Landscape site design: give specific qualities to a space, work  around built environments, use environmentally friendly  

products, sensory elements and focus on human comfort

∙ Sustainability

o Brundtland commission: sustainable development that meets  need of present w/o compromising the ability of future  


What is Garden city movement?



Don't forget about the age old question of how do users drill into country profiles (use the “country profile tutorial")?

generations to meet their own needs  

o 3 E’s: environment, economy, equity

Readings

∙ 61% of pop will live in urban areas by 2030

∙ 9.2 billion people by 2050

∙ May lead to more disease  

∙ Urban areas often create their own micro climates which have  devastating effects on regional and global climate systems We also discuss several other topics like math 340 csu

∙ Asthma rates among children in the US more than doubled from 1980- 1995

∙ Urban area contributes to more than half the worlds carbon emissions  and GHG

Lecture 2  

∙ I/Thou to I/It

∙ Early civilizations  

o Create form to enable function

o Developed a sense of democracy

∙ Medieval

o Defense and adversarial landscapes Don't forget about the age old question of 17th amendmetn

o Gothic style, castles, cathedrals

∙ Renaissance

o Humanism – design for the people

o Idealism, symmetry  

∙ American landscape values


how do you do site planning?



o Parks for public use by everyone

o

o First division of landscape architecture created in National Park  Service in 1918

Lecture 3

∙ Urbanization: the process by which towns and cities are formed and  become larger as more people begin living and working in central  areas

∙ Garden city movement: reaction to poor living

o Visionaries: Robert Owen, Cadbury brothers, Ebenezer Howard o Successes: achieves equity, provides jobs

o Failures: doesn’t account for market/ capitalism, will eventually  become unaffordable  

∙ Urban sprawl

o Began w baby boomers after WWII

o Class segregation

o Planned communities  

o Impacts

 Ecological – land consumption, deforestation, wetland loss

 Environmental impacts – land pollution, water pollution,  air pollution, UHI, lack of vegetation  

 Social – health problems, car accidents, increased  

commute time, loss of local community

 Economic – increased cost of infrastructure, loss of small  family business Don't forget about the age old question of iltalw
We also discuss several other topics like moral and nonmoral standards

Lecture 4

∙ Landscape analysis: an understanding of how the land will impact the  project/ how the project will impact the land  

∙ Site analysis: survey of the individual site characteristics, helps us  understand how the site functions If you want to learn more check out ub periodic table

∙ Layer cake method: looking at all aspects of the landscape to see how  they work together as a system

∙ Inventory (the what)

o Ecological systems: geology, soils, hydrology, climate

o Social systems: history, demographics, land use, legal matters o Technological systems: infrastructure

Lecture 5

∙ Geographic Information Systems: computer based system that allows  one to take information about an area of the surface of the earth o Components: hardware, software, data, people, methods and  process

o Tasks: input, data manipulation, management, analysis,  visualization

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