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What is politics?

What is politics?


School: Texas A&M University
Department: Political Science
Course: State and Local Government
Professor: R. heath
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Government, texas, and comparing
Cost: 50
Description: Material covered for pols- Ch. 1&2
Uploaded: 02/03/2018
4 Pages 10 Views 11 Unlocks


What is politics?

- Politics: who gets what… when… & how

- Democracy: the majority vote wins

o There is always a pattern of how people vote

o Perfect policy-rules of the game

▪ 2 things:

1. RULES MATTER because we can take advantage of perfect policy by  determining these rules

2. There is no such thing as RIGHT VS. WRONG, it is just different  

shades of grey. Everything depends on context…

- POPULATION does matter

o When population changes, then output changes

o “winter birds”- older people who leave up north, due to the cold, & move to  warmer states (Florida, Arizona, etc…)

o non-Hispanic white population is decreasing in terms of percentage= no longer  the majority. (general average of the country, as well as Texas)

o African Americans are no longer the largest minority group in the US & Texas Hispanic populations are now the largest minority throughout the US.

Why doesn’t Western Europeans want to come to the US?

▪ Huge possibility that the Hispanic population will take over the non

Hispanic white population within a couple of years (majority will vote  


- ***Foreign born, Hispanic & African American populations will continue to rise unless  we change.

o Prior to 1882, immigration of Chinese was tremendous If you want to learn more check out econ 2010 study guides

▪ Trying to escape China

▪ Currently due to an authoritarian government

▪ They are so rich that they buy passports & new houses; they plan ahead,  even before they have children, to prepare a life for the children &  If you want to learn more check out bonds are a form of interest-bearing notes payable


▪ They will have their children in the US so that they will be citizens. When  they reach the correct age, they will be able to bring their parents to the  

US as well; it’s like a big waiting game

▪ Chinese Exclusion act:

• Forbid the migration of Chinese people into the US

Who is Lyndon B. Johnson?

• Determined that the Chinese workers were not good enough= no  

longer allowed to come to the US

o After 1882, congress passed laws about immigration

▪ Visa did not exist prior to this

▪ Laws discriminated against Chinese, African American, Hispanic, etc… o 1965- President Lyndon B. Johnson

▪ Immigration Reform Act= colorblind

▪ No discrimination

▪ If they qualified, they were allowed to come to the US

- Fertility Rates:

o Will decline due to the education of women

o Education & Fertility rates are inversely related

- Why doesn’t Western Europeans want to come to the US

o Free Healthcare If you want to learn more check out econ232

o Free Education

o Free Childcare

o 6-12 months off for maternity leave

o These are all things that the US does NOT offer

o We are the only country in the World without paid maternity leave o Instead of the Western Europeans immigrating here, it is the immigrants coming  from:

▪ Authoritarian government

▪ Famine  

▪ Hard labor

- Government

o Our founders created a new system out of nothing

o 50 state, 1 federal, & 90,000 local governments

o Texas:

▪ 254 counties

▪ 1,196 cities

▪ 1,090 school districts

▪ 2,245 special districts


o #1 spending= Health

▪ Do we see the results of our enormous healthcare spending? NO

▪ Our life expectancy has gone down the past two years; we are the only  developed country in the world to have this

o Majority comes from federal spending Don't forget about the age old question of ast 105

o #1 in military & economy in the world

- Comparing States & Communications

o Physical & Demographics

▪ Size & Population

• Per capita= average of how much you will spend/ all residents in  

that state with the year

o Low per capita= not very large salaries

• State with large population= large market= produce & supply your  own market= not having to export as much

▪ Percentage Metropolitan

• Rural= lots of empty space

o Texas used to be a rural state

• Urban= land of congestion

• brings out our real human nature= opportunity= very large

o Wealth

▪ High income

▪ Statistics lie

o Social Problems

▪ Murder

• Public policies are used to try & help this issue

▪ Unemployment  

• No jobs to offer= high unemployment

▪ Educating Children

• Harder to create & implement education in large states

o Coping with Social Problems:

▪ Death penalty

▪ Costs of public education

- Life Expectancy

o Highest in Hawaii

o Small population= very high per capita= many resources

o Generally, males have a low life expectancy


o expresses relationships in quantitative terms Don't forget about the age old question of qsci 381 uw
If you want to learn more check out ways of the world chapter 21 notes

o simply says that there is a relationship… THAT IS ALL


o An inverse/negative relationship

o Red= negative; blue= positive

▪ Per capita income x % high school completion 

▪ Per capita income x % bachelor’s degree or higher 

▪ Per capita total state & local government revenue x per capita income ▪ Poverty x Per capita income

▪ Life expectancy x infant mortality


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