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FSU - CHM 1046 - Chemistry II Exam I Study Guide - Study Guide

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FSU - CHM 1046 - Chemistry II Exam I Study Guide - Study Guide

School: Florida State University
Department: Chemistry
Course: General Chemistry II
Professor: Robert Cameron
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: Chemistry
Name: Chemistry II Exam I Study Guide
Description: This study guide covers all test material for exam 1
Uploaded: 02/05/2018
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Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Florida State University
Department: Chemistry
Course: General Chemistry II
Professor: Robert Cameron
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: Chemistry
Name: Chemistry II Exam I Study Guide
Description: This study guide covers all test material for exam 1
Uploaded: 02/05/2018
9 Pages 28 Views 22 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!

Unformatted text preview: CHM 104Exam I Study Guide Chapter To: Liquids and Solids Intermolecular Forces forces of attraction blus molecules. Not to be confused w/ INT RAmolecular forces, which are chemical bonds, Types of Intermolecular Forces O Dipole Forces require polar molecules - dipole -dipole the electrostatic force blw the partially positive end of one polac molecule+ the partially negative end of another, -ion-dipole the electrostatic attractron blw anion ta molecule wa dipole. D Dispersion Forces aka London Dispersion Forces, present in all molecules but the predominant force in non-polar molecules. Polarizability measure of the ability of a charge to distact a molecule's charge distribution (electron cloud) 3 Hydrogen Bonding. occurs when exception- ally strong dipoles attract; bonding that exists when hydrogen is bond ed to one of the 3 most electronegative elements, requires Lone pairs. Physical Properties of Liguids': O surface tension : energy required to increase the area, ar length of a liquid surface by a given amount 2 Viscosity measure of a liquidis resistance to flow 3 Capillary Action flow of ligured within a porous material due to the attraction of themooix concentration Saturated of concentration equal to solubilie Supersaturated, of conc. that exceeds soluolit a ncneq u llibrium.state. precipitation, ce action that produces oncor more insoluble products. Crystallizationthe solidification of atomsar molecules into a highly structured form called a crystal. miscible liquid w infinite mutual solubility immistible z liquids that do not mix to an appre ciable extent 2 Effect of Temperature, solubility generally increases wul temperature, Effect of Pressure : Henry's. Lalu = KP Units of concentrationi O mass percent mass of solure X 100 mass of solution 2 volume percent volume of salute x1000 volume of solution 3 male fraction (Xa e mala ca (molat molby O molarity: M- male salute L solution 5 molality me male salute kg solven O normality /N- equivalents solute poole solution e Collective Propecties, depend only on the of particles. O vopor Pressure - haoultes Law Pux.pa- Heating tCooling Curves 100, Heating Curve :Hzo 9 AHvap liquid all tiguard evaporated begins to bol (2.) un bnadwal study soup all solid melted AH all s solid pegirisi cr-lo Amount of ticat Adacdt - Phase Diagrams: HO critical Point 218 water latm) lice ser .co water vapor 0 0.0 100 T (C) - X-ray Co stallography measurements of the diffraction of X-rays by the crystal size of unit celle arrangement of atoms can be determined,

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