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FAU / OTHER / WOH 2012 / “douglas kanter”

“douglas kanter”

“douglas kanter”

Description

School: Florida Atlantic University
Department: OTHER
Course: HIstory of Civilization
Professor: Douglas kanter
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: history, Ancient Greece, ancientindia, Sumerian Civilization, Mesopatamia, Hinduism, Buddhism, judaism, Jainism, Epic Poem, Peloponnesian War, philosophers, earlycivilizations, Jews, Hebrews, AncientChina, and ancientegypt
Cost: 50
Name: History of Civ. Study Guide #1
Description: This study guide covers the content that will be on the first exam.
Uploaded: 02/05/2018
16 Pages 10 Views 8 Unlocks
Reviews


Study Guide: Exam 1


Who is King Solomon of Israel?



Terms to know 

Confucianism-a system of thought in china based on humane  conduct and familial respect (founder: Master Kong a.k.a.  Confucius

Legalism- Chinese philosophy which advocates the strict  enforcement of stringent laws by a powerful authoritarian state  (founder: Hanfeizi)

Daoism- Chinese philosophy which calls on people to live in  harmony with nature

Dharma- code of social responsibility; faithful performance of  one’s role

Karma- every action has an inevitable effect; determines fate or  destiny in the next incarnation (i.e. good karma may lead to  higher caste placement, bad karma, the opposite)

Samsara-the belief in renewed existing, or, “reincarnation”;  ceaseless alteration between life & death

Moksha- happy union with Brahman whose essence is love;  liberation from samsara

Hieroglyphics- ancient Egyptian writing system based on  pictographs


What is Jainism?



Cuneiform- etching of symbols from right to left using “wedge shaped” characters We also discuss several other topics like a data steward is responsible for ensuring the policies and procedures are implemented across the organization and acts as a liaison between the mis department and the business.
Don't forget about the age old question of occurs when a firm exports goods or services to consumers in another country

Upanishads-fourth book of the Vedas

Caste system- system of classification based on birth and ranked  in hierarchical order

Minoa- bronze age civilization that flourished on the island of  Crete

Mycenae-a site that was mentioned in ancient Greek civilization  and excavated by  

Polis- what the Greeks called “city- state”

*=denotes term to know

Civilizations:  

Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) - 1 million years ago

∙ Emergence of homo sapiens  

∙ Homo sapiens were hunters and gatherers  

o Designates the species that includes all modern  people

∙ Engaged in the arts

∙ Hieroglyphics  

Neolithic Era-New Stone Age

∙ Shift to agriculture

∙ Farming, domestication

∙ Rise of permanent settlements

∙ Abundance of food


What is the capital of Greece?



∙ Ability to create pottery

Mesopotamia (3000-1000 BCE) 

∙ One of the world’s earliest civilizations

∙ Riverine society

∙ Laws and limitation of royal authority

∙ Dim view of the after life

∙ Polytheistic religion (worship of multiple gods) ∙ Cuneiform writing*

Sumeria-

∙ Created the calendar

∙ Very advanced

∙ Ruled by kings and kingship became hereditary (passed down)

∙ Royal authority reinforced by religion

Babylonian captivity (2000-1600 BCE) 

The Amorites- warlike pastoral nomads from Arabia who extended control over most of Mesopotamia through a series of conquests  Don't forget about the age old question of tao pang unlv

∙ Hammurabi’s Code – compilation of Mesopotamian laws o Regulates matters such as trade, marriage, debt, and  relations among classes  

o Established rule of law which was implemented in many later societies across the world

∙ Hierarchical society divided into nobles, commoners, and  slaves

∙ Women had rights such as the right to own property and own businesses

∙ Legacy: lunar calendar, time measurement, and rule of law

Aryan invasion 

Aryan people share the same language (Sanskrit), NOT, the same  race

∙ Simple economy

∙ Developed the caste system*  

∙ Achievements include caste and literature (Vedas) ∙ Vedic Age- 1500-900 BCE We also discuss several other topics like ibus 425 class notes

Ancient China

Shang Dynasty

∙ 1755-1050 BCE

∙ Excellence in sculpture

∙ Practiced Human sacrifice

∙ Ancestor worship and the importance of family  ∙ Earliest civilization for which records can be found

Zhou Dynasty 

∙ 1050-221 BCE

∙ “Mandate of Heaven” claimed by Zhou and became  popular through Chinese imperialism (right to rule as  determined by God

∙ Feudalistic government that began to decay because of  chaos between kings and their governors  

Religions

Moses and the Sinai Covenant 

Moses was chosen to lead the Hebrew people to their “promised  land”. In the Sinai Moses went up into the hills to commune with  God and received the Ten Commandments (expansion of earlier  covenant)

Diaspora of the Jews 

 Division of Palestine into Judah and Israel

 Fall of Judah and Israel If you want to learn more check out scarent

 Babylonian Captivity and destruction of Jewish state led to  no home state= diaspora

Jainism 

 Subsect of Hinduism started by Mahavira

 Believed everything in the universe was alive(animate and  inanimate) Don't forget about the age old question of posc 362 study guide

 Believed in radical simplistic living and self-deprivation

 Radically non-violent (ahimsa)  

Buddhism  

 Founded by Gautama, or Buddha (the enlightened one)  Buddha witnessed the four sights (illness, age, death, and  prayer) and wanted to create a place in between the  suffering beggars and the high class  

 Created the Middle Path as a result that got rid of  Upanishads and the caste system  

 Believed the root of suffering is desire and the best way to  find peace and be truly happy is to make others happy  Goal is to reach Nirvana

 Held a lot of appeal and therefore spread  

Hindu epic poems 

Ramayana- saga of Rama and Sita that set the behavioral  standards and roles for men and women of the Hindu faith  

Mahabharata- story of war between two feuding families that  highlights basic ideas of the Upanishads

∙ --The Bhagavad Gita- pause in the rest of the story in  which a dialogue happens between the warrior Arjuna  and his charioteer in which dharma* is highlighted as  well as the indestructability of the soul  

 The Iliad and The Odyssey 

Iliad- epic that tells the dramatic stories of the Mycenaean siege  of Troy

Odyssey- epic that depicts the aventorous journey home of  Odusseus, one of the Greek heroes of the Trojan war

Ancient Greece

Athens- capital of Greece and part of Peloponnesian War versus  Sparta

Sparta- prominent city-state in Greece that was part of the  Peloponnesian War against Athens

People 

Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton)- king of Egypt from 1353-36 BCE

∙ Attempted a religious revolution promoting worship of  Aton

∙ Degraded traditional gods and expelled their temple  priests

∙ Monotheistic cult

Ramses II- (1303-1213 BCE)

∙ Possible reign during Exodus

∙ No Egyptian evidence

∙ Used diplomacy to regain lost lands

∙ Used an abundance of slave labor to construct colossal  monuments and temples

Hatshepsut- Egyptian female pharaoh  

∙ Builder

∙ Political leader

∙ Often perpetuated as male and depicted in male  clothing with a beard

∙ Evidence of her rulership was ruined by her successors  (her step-son)

King Solomon of Israel-

∙ Strained the integrity  

∙ Built great temples

Hebrew prophets-women and men who believed they were called  by God to lead their people back to their faith

∙ Rationalized diaspora

∙ Believed in the nature of God

∙ Believed that God is the God of all (universal monotheism) ∙ Believed that people were to purify themselves and then  others  

Ashoka- king of Mauryan India who converted to Buddhism  

∙ Used diplomacy instead of war to unify India

∙ Used religious idealism in statecraft

∙ Shared the principles of Buddhism while tolerating and  respecting other religions

∙ Benevolent autocracy but didn’t share power or give  people a say

Mencius (Mengzi)- follower of The Master, sage who lived from  370-290 BC and held that all humans are equal and good and that ruler must practice and promote the virtue of ren

First Qin emperor- Qi Shi Huangdi (221-210 BCE)

∙ Unification and centralization of China with war and  conquest

∙ Oppressive: Forced labor, Confucianism* outlawed  ∙ Heavy taxes  

Arthur Evans- German archeologist and pioneer in the study of  Aegean civilization during the bronze-age  

Heinrich Schliemann- German archaeologist who discovered  Mycenae

Socrates-classical Greek philosopher who was a critic of the  Sophists and taught his pupils to conduct in rigorous questioning

and analysis of ethical issues, he is one of the founders of western philosophy and the first moral philosopher  

Plato- classical Greek philosopher who founded the first institution of higher learning in the western world, the Academy, in Athens

Aristotle- student of Plato who was a philosopher, scientist, poet,  and student of politics who would later be the tutor of Alexander  the Great

Study Guide: Exam 1

Terms to know 

Confucianism-a system of thought in china based on humane  conduct and familial respect (founder: Master Kong a.k.a.  Confucius

Legalism- Chinese philosophy which advocates the strict  enforcement of stringent laws by a powerful authoritarian state  (founder: Hanfeizi)

Daoism- Chinese philosophy which calls on people to live in  harmony with nature

Dharma- code of social responsibility; faithful performance of  one’s role

Karma- every action has an inevitable effect; determines fate or  destiny in the next incarnation (i.e. good karma may lead to  higher caste placement, bad karma, the opposite)

Samsara-the belief in renewed existing, or, “reincarnation”;  ceaseless alteration between life & death

Moksha- happy union with Brahman whose essence is love;  liberation from samsara

Hieroglyphics- ancient Egyptian writing system based on  pictographs

Cuneiform- etching of symbols from right to left using “wedge shaped” characters

Upanishads-fourth book of the Vedas

Caste system- system of classification based on birth and ranked  in hierarchical order

Minoa- bronze age civilization that flourished on the island of  Crete

Mycenae-a site that was mentioned in ancient Greek civilization  and excavated by  

Polis- what the Greeks called “city- state”

*=denotes term to know

Civilizations:  

Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) - 1 million years ago

∙ Emergence of homo sapiens  

∙ Homo sapiens were hunters and gatherers  

o Designates the species that includes all modern  people

∙ Engaged in the arts

∙ Hieroglyphics  

Neolithic Era-New Stone Age

∙ Shift to agriculture

∙ Farming, domestication

∙ Rise of permanent settlements

∙ Abundance of food

∙ Ability to create pottery

Mesopotamia (3000-1000 BCE) 

∙ One of the world’s earliest civilizations

∙ Riverine society

∙ Laws and limitation of royal authority

∙ Dim view of the after life

∙ Polytheistic religion (worship of multiple gods) ∙ Cuneiform writing*

Sumeria-

∙ Created the calendar

∙ Very advanced

∙ Ruled by kings and kingship became hereditary (passed down)

∙ Royal authority reinforced by religion

Babylonian captivity (2000-1600 BCE) 

The Amorites- warlike pastoral nomads from Arabia who extended control over most of Mesopotamia through a series of conquests  

∙ Hammurabi’s Code – compilation of Mesopotamian laws o Regulates matters such as trade, marriage, debt, and  relations among classes  

o Established rule of law which was implemented in many later societies across the world

∙ Hierarchical society divided into nobles, commoners, and  slaves

∙ Women had rights such as the right to own property and own businesses

∙ Legacy: lunar calendar, time measurement, and rule of law

Aryan invasion 

Aryan people share the same language (Sanskrit), NOT, the same  race

∙ Simple economy

∙ Developed the caste system*  

∙ Achievements include caste and literature (Vedas) ∙ Vedic Age- 1500-900 BCE

Ancient China

Shang Dynasty

∙ 1755-1050 BCE

∙ Excellence in sculpture

∙ Practiced Human sacrifice

∙ Ancestor worship and the importance of family  ∙ Earliest civilization for which records can be found

Zhou Dynasty 

∙ 1050-221 BCE

∙ “Mandate of Heaven” claimed by Zhou and became  popular through Chinese imperialism (right to rule as  determined by God

∙ Feudalistic government that began to decay because of  chaos between kings and their governors  

Religions

Moses and the Sinai Covenant 

Moses was chosen to lead the Hebrew people to their “promised  land”. In the Sinai Moses went up into the hills to commune with  God and received the Ten Commandments (expansion of earlier  covenant)

Diaspora of the Jews 

 Division of Palestine into Judah and Israel

 Fall of Judah and Israel

 Babylonian Captivity and destruction of Jewish state led to  no home state= diaspora

Jainism 

 Subsect of Hinduism started by Mahavira

 Believed everything in the universe was alive(animate and  inanimate)

 Believed in radical simplistic living and self-deprivation

 Radically non-violent (ahimsa)  

Buddhism  

 Founded by Gautama, or Buddha (the enlightened one)  Buddha witnessed the four sights (illness, age, death, and  prayer) and wanted to create a place in between the  suffering beggars and the high class  

 Created the Middle Path as a result that got rid of  Upanishads and the caste system  

 Believed the root of suffering is desire and the best way to  find peace and be truly happy is to make others happy  Goal is to reach Nirvana

 Held a lot of appeal and therefore spread  

Hindu epic poems 

Ramayana- saga of Rama and Sita that set the behavioral  standards and roles for men and women of the Hindu faith  

Mahabharata- story of war between two feuding families that  highlights basic ideas of the Upanishads

∙ --The Bhagavad Gita- pause in the rest of the story in  which a dialogue happens between the warrior Arjuna  and his charioteer in which dharma* is highlighted as  well as the indestructability of the soul  

 The Iliad and The Odyssey 

Iliad- epic that tells the dramatic stories of the Mycenaean siege  of Troy

Odyssey- epic that depicts the aventorous journey home of  Odusseus, one of the Greek heroes of the Trojan war

Ancient Greece

Athens- capital of Greece and part of Peloponnesian War versus  Sparta

Sparta- prominent city-state in Greece that was part of the  Peloponnesian War against Athens

People 

Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton)- king of Egypt from 1353-36 BCE

∙ Attempted a religious revolution promoting worship of  Aton

∙ Degraded traditional gods and expelled their temple  priests

∙ Monotheistic cult

Ramses II- (1303-1213 BCE)

∙ Possible reign during Exodus

∙ No Egyptian evidence

∙ Used diplomacy to regain lost lands

∙ Used an abundance of slave labor to construct colossal  monuments and temples

Hatshepsut- Egyptian female pharaoh  

∙ Builder

∙ Political leader

∙ Often perpetuated as male and depicted in male  clothing with a beard

∙ Evidence of her rulership was ruined by her successors  (her step-son)

King Solomon of Israel-

∙ Strained the integrity  

∙ Built great temples

Hebrew prophets-women and men who believed they were called  by God to lead their people back to their faith

∙ Rationalized diaspora

∙ Believed in the nature of God

∙ Believed that God is the God of all (universal monotheism) ∙ Believed that people were to purify themselves and then  others  

Ashoka- king of Mauryan India who converted to Buddhism  

∙ Used diplomacy instead of war to unify India

∙ Used religious idealism in statecraft

∙ Shared the principles of Buddhism while tolerating and  respecting other religions

∙ Benevolent autocracy but didn’t share power or give  people a say

Mencius (Mengzi)- follower of The Master, sage who lived from  370-290 BC and held that all humans are equal and good and that ruler must practice and promote the virtue of ren

First Qin emperor- Qi Shi Huangdi (221-210 BCE)

∙ Unification and centralization of China with war and  conquest

∙ Oppressive: Forced labor, Confucianism* outlawed  ∙ Heavy taxes  

Arthur Evans- German archeologist and pioneer in the study of  Aegean civilization during the bronze-age  

Heinrich Schliemann- German archaeologist who discovered  Mycenae

Socrates-classical Greek philosopher who was a critic of the  Sophists and taught his pupils to conduct in rigorous questioning

and analysis of ethical issues, he is one of the founders of western philosophy and the first moral philosopher  

Plato- classical Greek philosopher who founded the first institution of higher learning in the western world, the Academy, in Athens

Aristotle- student of Plato who was a philosopher, scientist, poet,  and student of politics who would later be the tutor of Alexander  the Great

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