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Kutztown University of Pennsylvania - ARH 124 - Study Guide - Midterm

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Kutztown University of Pennsylvania - ARH 124 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
Department: Art History
Course: Art History A
Professor: Christine Atiyeh
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: ArtHistory and Studyguide
Name: Art History Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Covers pieces from: Prehistoric Europe and the near East Prehistoric to Ancient Egyptian Archaic Greek Art Aegean Bronze Age (some) Greek Classical
Uploaded: 02/05/2018
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background image ARH124 Exam 1 Study Guide  •  4 Elements of Art History    -style    -function    -subject matter    -historical context   Prehistoric Europe and the Near East  •  Woman and Willendorf    -discovered in 1908    -4.25 in., hand-held, carryable    -carved in limestone, not native to the area where it was found (possibly nomatic)    -originally colored in red ochre (popular in prehistoric times)    -reproductive organs emphasized      -may have been a fertility symbol    -paleolithic, ca 28,000-25,000 BCE    -feet may have been worn away, most likely has braided hair    -possibly a self-portrait    -renamed from Venus of Willendorf (wasn’t fit for that time period- anachronistic)  Prehistoric to Ancient Egyptian  •  Palette of King Narmer    -slate/stone    -ca. 3150-3125 BCE    -Hierakonpolis, Egypt    -style: expository abstraction; relief sculpture    -he’s the biggest = most important    -registers: portions separated by lines    -function: makeup palette, kept in the bowl formed by entwined lions    -subject matter: Narmer is disposing the king of his enemies, grabbing him by the hair  (public humiliation) 
 
-Horus represents upper Egypt (representing Narmer)    -Papyrus represents lower Egypt    -King Narmer is unifying upper and lower sides of Egypt    •  Queen Nefertiti – not finished    -created by Thutmose (famous sculptor in Egypt)    -Limestone, Berlin- Neves Museum    -found in Amarna    -Function: supposed to be a model for other artists to copy, used as example of perfect  symmetry 
 
-Pharaoh wanted religion to be moved from polytheistic to monotheistic      -did not go over well      -only worshipped Sun God  •  King Tutankahum    -Egypt, 18 th  dynasty pharaoh    -coffin had 3 layers 
background image   -death mask: most well-known, weighs 250 lbs, lots of gold    -coffin portrayed him as Osiris   
Archaic Greek Art
  
Vocab: 
Engobe: puffy pottery paint, pottery glaze w/ lower clay content for bisque 
Vitrified- pottery turned into glass 
Burin- sharp metal point, tool used in pottery 
Symposia- exclusive booze party for men and courtesans 
 
•  Harvester Vase    -found in Hagia Triada, Crete, Greece    -c. 1500-1450 BCE    -piece is architectonic- shape encourages to imitate the action of the image (follows  shape of vessel) 
 
-belly-handled (handles attached to belly) amphora (particular type of Greek vase)    -ca. 750 BCE    -height 5’ 1”    -National Archaelogical Museum, Athens    -commissioned by wealthy patron    -function: grave marker, ritualistic liquid pouring        -also to communication social status    -historical context: found in Dipylon Cemetery at Keramikos      -term “ceramics” originated from word “keramikos”    -style: geometric style, meander pattern (timeless)      -small diamonds and lines separating patterns (both geometric)    -vase has hole in base, could have been used for pouring libations or other liquids    -subject matter: prothesis- scene of public mourning      -deceased body of woman, has braided hair, wearing skirt      -figures standing with hands to head        -represents pulling out hair in grief       -arrows in between mourners are tears  •  Achilles and Ajax Playing Dice    -first time gaming scene was represented on a vase    -Ezekias    -black-figured neck-handled amphora (handles attached to neck)    -540-530 BCE    -height 2’    -Vatican Museum    -function: drinking vessel used at symposia (exclusive drinking party for men and  courtesans) 
 
•  New York Kouros    -Metropolitan Museum 

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School: Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
Department: Art History
Course: Art History A
Professor: Christine Atiyeh
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: ArtHistory and Studyguide
Name: Art History Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Covers pieces from: Prehistoric Europe and the near East Prehistoric to Ancient Egyptian Archaic Greek Art Aegean Bronze Age (some) Greek Classical
Uploaded: 02/05/2018
5 Pages 51 Views 40 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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