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GSU - PSY 1101 - Exam 1 Study Gudie - Study Guide

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GSU - PSY 1101 - Exam 1 Study Gudie - Study Guide

School: Georgia Southern University
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Steirn
Term: Fall 2014
Tags:
Name: Exam 1 Study Gudie
Description: This covers what we have taken notes from since the beginning of class
Uploaded: 02/06/2018
0 5 3 55 Reviews
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background image Study Guide Psychology is science. looking using scientific method (objective, observation
and measurement of behavior)
Overt- Open behaviors Covert- covered, not something we can see (most of what we deal with is 
covert). 
Common Sense: “Birds of a feather, flock together is not the same as 
opposites attract
Animal Behavior is the study of animals in their natural environment Alternate names for psychology are Physiological/Psych  Biopsychology  
PsychobiologyEthologyGenetic Survival 
Sports Psychology is when Psychologists work with players to improve their 
performance
Industrial /Organization Psychology is also called Organization Behavior Animal Learning and Cognition is looking and comparing different species 
and is the study of how we learn. Cognition is the thinking/solving of complex
problems 
Mesmer: Believed that humans have animal magnetism and that if humans 
have depression, then their magnetism was out of whack. He was from 
France. He used a hula hop that was magnetized and put it over the patients 
and it made them feel better. However, other scientists used a hula hop that 
wasn’t magnetized but the patients still felt better. Therefore, it’s considered 
a placebo or an effect that happens in the mind
Gustau Fechner: German physiologist October 22, 1850, he thought about 
having people experience 2 different things the same or experience it 
differently. This lead to Psychophysics
Wilhelm Wundt (Leipzig, Germany): He established a Psychophysics lab and 
it attracted people. It was perceptual and was experimental
Spearman: Took Psychophysics to Britain  Titchener: Took it to USA William James: Early 1900’s (U.S.) He thinks we should apply psychology to 
real-world problems
Psych is Science
background image Variables is something that you can have 2 or more levels. They must be 
observable or measurable, so we can study them 
You can measure by direct or undirect observation  Observation: Humans use this in science to study something 2 Types of Observation: Naturalistic and Controlled. Naturalistic is when you 
go into the environment but do not want the animal or person being 
observed to know. Controlled is similar to naturalistic, but some things are 
limited
Survey/Questionnaire is when you are sitting someone down and asking 
about how they feel about something 
Case Study is looking at one event. You are trying to go in depth into that 
event and learn about that person
Case History is when something happens in the past and you are looking 
back. The problem with Case History is that if you interview someone, 
depending on what happened recently, will influence how they react
Participant Observation is when the observer participates with those being 
observed. Sometimes the observer tries to fit in without being noticed
Correlation research is when there is a positive or negative for a specific 
situation. For example: There is a positive correlation between the number of
churches and crime rate
Alternative Explanation is the third variable which is just something else that 
you can measure
r  is the symbol for correlation Pearson Product Moment for correlation (PPMC) says that a correlation 
cannot be lower than -1.0 and not higher than 1.0 (-1.0 <r< +1.0) You can 
see the strength of a correlation through scattered plots. The more spread 
out the dots, the weaker the correlation
Experiments aren’t always studies. However, we cannot see if something is 
an experiment unless we know if it’s observational 
3 rd  variables are also called controlled variables Extraneous Variables are called as such until you “take care” of the problem 
and then it would be called a controlled variable
Subject Variables are things that we can’t control. For this we use random 
assignments which works in large groups

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School: Georgia Southern University
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Steirn
Term: Fall 2014
Tags:
Name: Exam 1 Study Gudie
Description: This covers what we have taken notes from since the beginning of class
Uploaded: 02/06/2018
5 Pages 44 Views 35 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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