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FSU - SYG 1000 - SYG1000 Week 5 Notes - Class Notes

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Schools > Florida State University > Social Science > SYG 1000 > FSU - SYG 1000 - SYG1000 Week 5 Notes - Class Notes

FSU - SYG 1000 - SYG1000 Week 5 Notes - Class Notes

School: Florida State University
Department: Social Science
Course: Intro to Sociology
Professor: Gloria Lessan
Term: Summer 2015
Tags:
Name: SYG1000 Week 5 Notes
Description: Notes for week 5
Uploaded: 02/08/2018
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background image Karl Marx’s view of conflict is that it is the engine that drives social change. Marx believed that 
early hunters and gathers formed communist societies. People in hunting and gathering societies 
do not have much, but they do share what they have. Everyone has the same work, which means 
there is no class differences and little social conflict. When technological advances surfaced, 
industrial capitalism starts. In capitalism, there are two major social classes: the ruling class, who
owned productive property, and the oppressed, who sold their labor. With one class controlling 
the other as productive property, this creates class conflict. 
Marx concluded that industrial workers must became aware of their oppression and see that 
capitalism is the cause. Industrial workers would soon rise to destroy this economic system. 
Capitalism also produced alienation in workers. The ruling class believed workers were nothing 
but a source of work, that can be hired and fired anytime. Capitalist denies workers a say in what
they make or how they make it, the product of work belongs to capitalist, who sell it for profit. In
capitalism, workers were isolated from other workers because they believed that that were in 
competition. Workers found misery and unable to improve physically or mentally.
The first major sociological paradigm is structural functionalism. The main argument for this 
paradigm is that society is a structure of interdependent parts moving towards equilibrium. The 
assumptions for structural functionalism is that society is an orderly unit, which makes elements 
related and each element have a function or value consensus. The strength of structural 
functionalism is that it looks at the stable side of society, however; the negatives are that it 
neglects analysis of social conflict and it offers a conservative view of status quo. 
The second major sociological paradigm is conflict. The main argument for this paradigm is that 
society is an arena of conflict due to inequality and change. The assumptions for conflict is that 
society is a unit of unequal parts, each element contributes to conflict, change is ubiquitous, and 
conflict benefits and constraints vary among elements. The strength of conflict is that it looks at 
inequality, however; the negatives are that it neglects shared values and interdependence, it 
offers a radical view of society, and it is questionable scientific objectivity. 
The third major sociological paradigm is symbolic interaction. The main argument for this 
paradigm is that society is the product of everyday individuals’ interaction. The assumptions for 
symbolic interaction is people define reality on the basis of symbols with shared meaning, people
define situations in a varying way, interactions change, and interactions are unequal. The 
strength of symbolic interaction is that it stresses society as the experience of individuals, 
however; the negative is that it neglects the influence of larger structures.

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School: Florida State University
Department: Social Science
Course: Intro to Sociology
Professor: Gloria Lessan
Term: Summer 2015
Tags:
Name: SYG1000 Week 5 Notes
Description: Notes for week 5
Uploaded: 02/08/2018
2 Pages 68 Views 54 Unlocks
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