×
Log in to StudySoup

Forgot password? Reset password here

FSU - FAD 3432 - Class Notes - Week 4

Created by: Tara Elite Notetaker

Schools > Florida State University > Child and Family Studies > FAD 3432 > FSU - FAD 3432 - Class Notes - Week 4

FSU - FAD 3432 - Class Notes - Week 4

School: Florida State University
Department: Child and Family Studies
Course: Stress and Resilience in the Family
Professor: Kristen Greene
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Week 4 FAD 3432 Notes
Description: These notes cover material from week 4
Uploaded: 02/08/2018
This preview shows pages 1 - 3 of a 9 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image        Chapter 3: Coping with Family Stress Defining Coping Individual Perspective Definition of Coping- “constantly 
changing cognitive and behavioral efforts to manage specific 
external and/or internal demands that are appraised as taxing
or exceeding the resources of a person” 
This definition is:  Contextual (recognizes that our encounter with a 
situation shapes coping through our appraisal of 
the actual demands in the encounter and our 
available resources for managing them)
Treating coping as a neutral concept (doesn’t label
it as adaptive or maladaptive right away 
Allows for the consideration of how coping may 
change as our encounters with the stressor 
unfolds
Relational Perspective Definition of Coping- the family 
group’s management of a stressful event or situation
Individual Perspective  Cognitive Appraisals- Appraisals occur when we evaluate 
whether particular encounters with the environment are 
relevant to our well-being and, if so, in what ways
Primary Appraisals Perceptions of threat, challenge, or harm-loss Only when we perceive situations as stressful will 
we decide to do something to counteract any 
negative consequences stemming from the source
of stress. 
Secondary Appraisals  Occur when we evaluate various coping strategies
we could use, given available resources any 
situational constraints that exist, and the “social 
and personal characteristics upon which people 
may draw when dealing with stressors” 
Ex. Resources include: health and energy, positive
benefits, problem solving skills, social skills, and 
material resources 
Involve perceptions:  That we could change.  That we have to accept the situation. 
background image That we need to know more before we can 
act. 
That we have to hold ourselves back from 
doing whatever we want. 
Individual Level Variable  Personality-Things such as gender, gender role orientation, 
and mastery all affect the way we cope with stressors in our 
lives 
Women used social joining and social support more  often than men, particularly when coping with relational 
stressors 
Traditional individuals used social joining more often  than non-traditional individuals  People who scored high in mastery used more assertive  and aggressive action, and less avoidance, than those 
who scored lower in mastery 
Stages of Life-Where we are in our lifespan also influences 
how we cope with stress
Ex. some aspects of our response to stress- such as  crying- are in place at birth, whereas others –such as 
using anbject for self-comfort- evolve over time as a 
child becomes more cognitively developed 
Relational Perspective  Family relationships play a greater role in the coping process 
than the individual perspective recognizes. 
Many of life’s stressors are interpersonal or have an  interpersonal component.  Individual coping efforts have potential social  consequences.  The act of coping often requires interaction with others.  Research from a relational Perspective has taken two paths: Coping in Families 
Coping in couples 
Hamilton McCubbin, was one of the first family scholars to  include coping in his model of the family stress process 
background image McCubbin and Patternson’s Double ABC_X model reflects his 
beliefs: They hypothesized that coping infulences no only 
family adaptation (the xX factor), but also the other factors 
(pile-up, or the aA factor; existing and new resources, or the 
bB factor; and new perceptions, or the cC factor). 
In a survey given to 3,000 individuals in 2006, the main ways  that were reported to dealing with stress included: (percentages not 
important, just understand the idea)
82%: watching TV, listening to music, reading 71%: talked to friends/family  62%: prayer and meditation  55%: exercise 37%: ate, drank, smoked 26%: used drugs 12%: took prescription medications  1%: hurt themselves  Relational Perspective: Family Coping Having resources does not mean the family will actually use 
them; coping becomes an additional determinant of whether a
family successfully adapts to crisis. 
Seen in the Double ABC-X and FAAR models.  If a family can successfully cope with a stressor event, then it 
will never reach crisis status. 
From a systems perspective, however, even if one  person is stressed, or if the family’s coping response 
harms a single family member, then the family is not 
coping effectively, which can lead to crisis
Some families must enter into a crisis situation to reorganize 
the system and develop new rules. 
Relational Perspective: Dyadic Coping (Marital dyad)  Significant others can influence coping in the following ways: 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
9 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Florida State University
Department: Child and Family Studies
Course: Stress and Resilience in the Family
Professor: Kristen Greene
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Week 4 FAD 3432 Notes
Description: These notes cover material from week 4
Uploaded: 02/08/2018
9 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FSU - FAD 3432 - Class Notes - Week 4
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here