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FSU - FAD 3432 - Class Notes - Week 5

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FSU - FAD 3432 - Class Notes - Week 5

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background image        Chapter 4: Communication within the Stress and Coping  Process Communication- A symbolic process through which meaning is  made.   Communication- a dynamic, complex, and fluid process that 
changes over time and across relationships. 
Information exchanged is an important component of the 
communication process within families
conceptualizing communication as an exchange of information
via interaction paints a picture of communication as static, 
straight-forward, and easily accomplished
How professionals discuss communication: Psychologist- in the context of social support, where 
communication is implied, but not directly studied, as the way
we seek help from others in times of need
Communication scholars- view social support as a dynamic 
process influenced by the messages family members 
simultaneously send and receive in times of stress – a process
that sometimes results in unhelpful support
Family sociologist- suggest that openness and family cohesion
are best practices for families under stress
Symbolic- the meaning associated with verbal and nonverbal  messages. Different people can have different meanings for the same 
word, phrase, or action
Process- Implies that communication is always changing Meaning-Making- Our understandings about things, events,  and relationships (their meaning) emerge through our interactions with
others
Families create their own social world, in which meaning 
emerges as family members “interact with each other: as they
share time, space, and life experiences; and as they talk with 
each others and dialogue about these experiences 
A Communication-Based Coping Model The communication-based model of the coping process 
identifies the varying roles communication plays throughout 
the process to better understand the full range of family 
communication during times of stress.
background image The multi-headed arrows indicate that the stressor, resource, 
perception, coping, and outcome factors all interact with one 
another as families face stressful situations 
Communication is within each of the five major factors Communication as a Source of Stress Communication as stress happens when: Communication or relational needs are not being met  within the family system The relationships within the family are troubled
The messages or the interactions are stress-provoking
Examples:  Messages can be a significant source of stress 
Hurtful interactions between romantic partners would 
elicit a physiological stress response in the recipienet 
because such messages potentially pose a thereat to 
out self-identity and or relational identity
Social allergens (noisy bleaching)
Aggressive acts 
Teasing/ bullying
Feelings of hurt are associated with short term spikes in the 
stress hormone cortisol 
Communication as a Symptom of Stress A family crisis can influence the communication among family
members. Family members may:
background image Distance themselves emotionally
Act out against one another verbally and physically
When a family is in crisis, the focus shifts from the family to 
the individual
This shift in focus may lead to doubts about family  members commitment to one another, which can 
significantly influence communicative activity among 
family members
Family members may act out against one another, verbally or 
physically venting their frustrations and negative emotions 
Communication as Meaning-Making Family members collectively construct meanings through 
interaction as they share life experiences and talk with one 
another about these experiences.
Families make sense of stressful circumstances through 
stories and narratives they create in the meaning-making 
process. 
The “C” factor in Hill’s ABC-X model  Storytelling could be a meaning0making activity  Some say that telling a story about a stressful event  allows an individual to express emotions and or 
cognitively make sense of the trauma, which in turn 
allows the individual to ‘let go’ of the memory and move
on from potentially unhealthy ruminations 
Communication as a Resource Social support as a resource is a “social ‘fund’ from which 
people may draw when handling stressors” 
Family communication is also an important coping resource. A 
family’s ability to use communication as a resource during 
stressful times may depend on family members’ internal 
working models of communication and relationships. 
Conversation Orientation Characterized by supportive and open 
communication 
Concerned with open discussion of ideas with 
parents and children
Predicts outcomes such as improved 
mental/physical health, self-esteem, family 
cohesion, and relational satisfaction 
Conformity Orientation Characterized by conformity and control 

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School: Florida State University
Department: Child and Family Studies
Course: Stress and Resilience in the Family
Professor: Kristen Greene
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Week 5 FAD 3432 Notes
Description: These notes cover the material from week 5
Uploaded: 02/08/2018
7 Pages 50 Views 40 Unlocks
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