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Temple - CJ 2501 - Class Notes - Week 4

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Temple - CJ 2501 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image Criminal Law Week 4 Notes 2/7/18
Chapter 3: Punishment and Sentencing
Early Punishment­ Colonial Times Whipping “The stocks” Drowning Hanging Was not a dignified time in terms of punishment Eastern State Penitentiary­ Solitary Confinement Punishment becomes more humane and is done in the privacy of the court system More focused on treatment However, there are negative psychological and physiological outcomes related to 
solitary confinement
8 th  Amendment Cruel and Unusual Punishment The eighth amendment to the U.S. Constitution is the primary constitutional check 
on sentencing and punishment
The amendment states that, “excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive 
fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted”
This has evolved over the years­ “evolving standards of decency” Open to interpretation Purposes of Punishment Retribution Designed around “just deserts”
Offenders receive punishments comparable to the seriousness of the crime (an 
eye for an eye) Deterrence Offenders are punished to deter future crime
Specific: punishment to deter the offender from committing the crime in the future
General: punishment to deter others from committing these offenses
Possible to justify punishing a person who is innocent through deterrence 
because the punishment may still discourage the person or others from 
committing the crime in the future
Rehabilitation Done to reform and transform the offender with support (vocational/educational  programs) Incapacitation Removes the offender from society to prevent them from committing future 
harms
Restoration­ restorative justice (probably not on the exam) Requires the offender to engage in some kind of restitution Financial reimbursement or community service (restitution)
background image Requires action by the offender to make the victim and community whole once  again Approaches to Sentencing Determine sentences (definite) Legislatures allow judges little discretion Offender is to receive a specific sentence
Example: 5 years
Indeterminate sentences (indefinite) Judges set a minimum and maximum sentence with defined limits (5­10­year  range)
Pennsylvania has indeterminate sentencing
Mandatory minimum sentences­ determinate sentences Legislature sets mandatory minimums for certain crimes regardless of mitigating  factors (25 years­life)
3­strike laws (going to jail for 25­years­ life after committing 3 felony offenses)
Sentencing and Plea Bargains A plea bargain is a negotiated agreement between the defense and prosecuting 
attorneys that must be approved by a judge to ensure that any sentence agreed 
upon is within the range established by the guidelines
Pros­ more efficient and quicker adjudication, uses less resources (money to pay 
jurors and the jurors’, judges’, and attorneys’ time), lesser sentence for the 
defendant, mutual agreements, and the victim does not have to testify Cons­ defendants are not getting punished for other crimes that they committed 
even though they are less serious (unfair to the victims), people plead guilty to 
crimes that they did not commit because they think that they will get convicted at 
trial, may not act as general or specific deterrence, trial tax or getting a more severe 
sentence for going to trial, if you cannot afford an attorney, a court appointed 
attorney may not work in your best interest and encourage a plea bargain because 
they are part of the courtroom workgroup (judge, prosecutor, attorney), and the 
crime is on your record forever Sentencing Options­ Proportionality (fit the crime) Imprisonment­ individuals sentenced to a year or less are generally sentenced to 
local jails. Sentences for longer periods are typically served in state or federal 
prisons Fines­ state statutes usually provide for fines as an alternative to incarceration or in 
addition to incarceration
Probation­ involves community corrections sanction (report to a probation officer and
adhere to certain required standards of personal conduct)
House arrest and electronic home monitoring­ only leave for school/work (medical 
emergency)
Sentencing Asset Forfeiture­ pursuant to a court order the fruits or instruments of a crime may 
be seized by the government

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School: Temple University
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Introduction to Criminal Law
Professor: Metzger
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: Criminal Law Week 4 Notes
Description: Notes from the fourth week of class
Uploaded: 02/09/2018
4 Pages 39 Views 31 Unlocks
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