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UNLV - HIST 1001 - Class Notes - Week 5

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UNLV - HIST 1001 - Class Notes - Week 5

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background image The U.S. Constitution Recap…  Two processes of constitution­making o State constitutions – begins quickly in 1776  o Constitution for the “United States” (2 attempts) Confederation (Articles of Confederation) Federation (the Constitution of 1787) From “are” to “is” …? Ratification not guaranteed o Federalists & “anti­Federalists” o Bill of Rights, geopolitics & more  Constitution’s Structure Preamble  Articles (7) Bill of Rights (amendments 1­10) Later amendments 11­27 Preamble & Article VII as Bookends Preamble invokes “the People” as constituting authority Article VII defined what this meant o Ratification (at least 9 states) “We The people of the United States…”  Locates sovereignty in “the people”  People have right to “ordain & establish” – and ratify  Before this, no people had ever voted on own written constitution  “…to form a more perfect union…”  Art. VII: Each state has sovereignty to join (ratify) or not join  However, state sovereignty is forfeited with ratification  Unilateral exit from union was prohibited  Art. VI makes Constitution “supreme law of the land” 1788: An indivisible nation prohibiting unilateral secession  Not a league of states, but a “consolidated government”  Justice, Tranquility, Defense, Welfare, Liberty Similar to goals listed for Articles of Confederation Note issues of defense and geopolitics 
background image Article VI: Various Issues Issue of debts contracted before Constitution  Constitution, laws of US & treaties = supreme law of the land No religious test for public office in U.S. o Federal government only; some states did have religious tests for state office Article V: Amendments Note contrast with Articles of Confederation (unanimity required) To propose amendment: o 2/3 of Congress (both houses) OR o 2/3 of state legislatures (convention) To approve: o ¾ of states (legislatures or special conventions) Some safeguards o Equal suffrage for states in Senate guaranteed o Importation of slaves = not alterable until 1808 (art. 1, sec. 9) Note: slavery not outlawed until 1865; importation only (compromise)  Article IV: Various Issues Records, acts, judicial proceedings in one state respected in others  Privileges & immunities of citizens won’t vary from state to state  New states may be admitted o But not by dividing up old ones Every state to have republican form of government  Article I: Legislative Two chambers: House & Senate (bicameral) Senators & Representatives are paid, cannot hold other U.S. civil office Making laws  o Majority in each house + president’s signature  o President can veto o Veto can be overridden by 2/3 in each house House of Representatives Representatives directly elected using broadest franchise o Most democratic 2­year term Based on proportional representation   Problem of 3/5 Compromise  o Slaves count as 3/5 of a person for purpose of establishing representation 

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School: University of Nevada - Las Vegas
Department: Art History
Course: HIST Discussion
Professor: Steven Bohigian
Term: Fall 2016
Name: HIST. 100: The U.S. Constitution
Description: week of 2/5/18 lecture notes
Uploaded: 02/10/2018
5 Pages 36 Views 28 Unlocks
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