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UIC / Psychology / PSCH 100 / What is the combination of a thoughts and feeling about some people, o

What is the combination of a thoughts and feeling about some people, o

What is the combination of a thoughts and feeling about some people, o

Description

School: University of Illinois at Chicago
Department: Psychology
Course: Introductory Psychology
Professor: Eric leshikar
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: Psychology 100
Description: Ch. 13 class notes
Uploaded: 02/10/2018
6 Pages 31 Views 1 Unlocks
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                                                TuesdayDon't forget about the age old question of What is the idea behind undetermined systems?

                                                2/6/18If you want to learn more check out How do you classify igneous rock?

=CH.12= Social Psychology

Attitudes: Combination of a thought and feeling about some person, object or idea. Don't forget about the age old question of Why does ice become slippery when wet?

How do attitudes change?

        -Mere exposure

        -Persuasive messagesDon't forget about the age old question of How do you determine the intended audience?

        -Cognitive dissonanceIf you want to learn more check out How do carbohydrates help the body?

Mere-exposure effect: repeated exposureWe also discuss several other topics like What principle of persuasion believes that we are more likely to say yes to someone we like?

-Makes you more likely to view something

positively.

        ex. hearing songs we don’t like at 1st, then end up liking it. (attitude change)

-Happens without awareness

-Persuasive Messages: Attitudes can be changed by either the content or by the other irrelevant parts of the message

  • Systematic Information processing-

Step by step evaluation of the content of a message.

         (a candidate trying to gain votes)

-Heuristic Information processing-evaluating a message by focusing on some peripheral

detail (not the content of the message).

        -ex evaluating a candidate by their appearance

-Advertisement-

Changing Attitudes-

- Cognitive Dissonance Theory: A negative         Psychological state that occurs when People recognize that 2 or more of their ideas or actions do not fi

Cognitive: together sensibly.

Mental - attitude change comes from reducing

Process, lesions associated by inconsistent

Thoughts thoughts/beliefs.

=CH. 13=

-Personality-

-Categorizes

-Diversity of people that you’ve met.

-Personality- the unique pattern of enduring thoughts, feelings and actions

that characterize a person.

  • Such characteristics can be compare and contrasted with those of others.

Trait approach-    

         People are a combination of characteristics they display across time and a cross situations.

          -predictable over time

-ex-cranky kids→cranky adults

-consistent in diverse situations

-aggressive at work→  agg. on road

-each person has different set or degree of traits

-  Trait approach-

        -another example, extraversion (extroverts)

 -People are a combination of characteristics

Big 5 model*

-a model that says there are 5 basic

components of personality (derived from a

Openness to experience=Mathematical analysis

                -an orientation towards a

 complex mental and behavioral life.

Conscientlousness=  

        -a tendency to control inappropriate

emotions and impulses and to follow social rules.

             Extraversion=

          -A tendency to approach the social

and material world in an energetic manner.

           Agreeableness=

        -A tendency towards positive prosocial

feelings and behaviors when interacting

with others.

        Neuroticism=

        -A tendency to experience negative emotions

            Lexical approach-a perspective on the task of identifying personality traits which presumes that all significant individual differences among people will be represented by naturally occurring words in everyday language.

          Factor Analysis-Statistical methods to identify things that are similar (correlated) In big sets of data.

ex=for openness dimension

A “curious” person also artistic, imaginative

-Assessing Personality-      

Observation=watch person to assess

personalities

        -ex children in various settings

         -observer ratings- assessment from family members

Interviews=a way to assess personality one’s point of view

        -clients in clinical settings

Personality tests=a way to gather self-report about an individual’s personality

-objective

-projective

Objective Personality Tests-

  (non-projective)

        -paper and pencil test that ask  question about one’s personality

Ask direct question, scored quantitively

Advantages                         Disadvantages

-efficiency                        -Subject to

-Standardization         deliberate distortion

(more common in modern personality research)

Projective Personality Tests-

        -A test made up of unstructured stimuli that can be perceived and responded to in many ways.

Advantages 

           -”Correct” answers not obvious

         -Designed to tap into unconscious

Impulses

-flexible use

Disadvantages

-Reliability and validity lower than

those of objective tests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

   

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