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UM - Soc 370 - Class Notes - Week 4

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UM - Soc 370 - Class Notes - Week 4

School: University of Miami
Department: Social Science
Course: Juvenile Delinquency
Professor: Jan Sokol-Katz
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: sociology, juveniledelinquency, juvenile, and delinquency
Name: Juvenile Delinquency
Description: These notes cover lecture for week 4.
Uploaded: 02/10/2018
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background image February 2     nd Notes Social image: back in the day, there was the J.M. Keynes approach. Markets are 
important but not the mom factor of everyday life. Market existed within 
framework, but it had social theme. Now the approach is influenced by laissez 
faire attitude. Social life is a market place and you have to prepare to compete in 
the market. There is a notion of individuality. You only get what you deserve based
on how hard you worked. The implications of this is very negative, increased 
greed in society. Everyone looks out for themselves. Big disparities are not a 
reason for concern. If you’re a keynsion, it would very much matter-interventionist
strategy to help the market and reduce disparities. These social images are very 
subtle, but you get socialized from when you’re born.
I. Social Ontology 
A. Realism (Conte, Durkheim, Parsons) all believed in their respective 
societies were worried about the breakdown of society. They were looking 
for an “image of order” that will instill order in people.
o Basis of order is autonomous This “image of order” was supposed to be self-sustained, be as 
autonomous as possible, as well as big. 
The body, the machine, and the system.  Parsons believed that people needed to be controlled. o Society is abstract Society becomes abstract; you don’t know what the system is but 
you know you’re a part of it. 
The system is supposed to bring a system of control and order. o Norms are beyond critique  System is beyond critique; you can’t critique the system.  The consequences of critiquing the system are dire and chaotic. o Possibly repressive, control In realism the collective is more important, but the collective 
becomes so abstract that you lose the human element. 
This view could be possibly repressive due to the socially 
constructed control
People feel disenfranchised; no sense of community. B. Nominalism (Spencer)  was a strong advocate for laissez faire; dog eat  world. He called it “Social Darwinism”. o Basis of order is not the focus of attention Basis of order is not the focus of attention because the focus is 
only on the individual.
o Society is an afterthought (spontaneous) Social order comes spontaneously so there’s no need for 
intervention.
Adam Smith was the father of capitalism and believed in the 
“invisible hand”.
o Norms are idiosyncratic
background image Norms are idiosyncratic so the emphasis is on your own personal 
motives.
o Emphasis on personal motives People are pursuing their own aim for social capital and fulfill logic 
of the market. 
If you’re going to make it, you have to adapt to the market idea. February 5     th     Auguste Comte (1798-1857)science is a solution to chaos. Social Context: o Industrialization brought about growth and arise of cities Need for a model to organize o Problems with government Not a solution for disorder  Wasn’t a reliable, resourceful order No integrity o Breakdown of tradition Conservative responses Absence for values was causing chaos Society was fragmenting Regan: 1950s “prime time” Society would be cohesive with regain of tradition o Newly rich Rise of middle class Most think that the middle class holds society together Comte thinks they move away from tradition. They have mobility 
and made it on their own and don’t owe anyone anything. “Have a 
right”. 
Lack of solidarity o Materialism, Utilitarianism Industrialization: equate success with things they acquire; 
monetary gain
Materialism: values necessary to hold society together that were 
overshadowed by materialism (personal gain)
Utilitarianism: proliferating; has to be useful, immediate gain Social life will become sterile with idea of utilitarianism. Ex: arts, philosophy, history Undermining o Rise of Proletariat Marx idea of “Conflict”: exploitation of the working class; central to
society
* Key idea: “Spiritual Breakdown” o Lack of solidarity due to industrialization
o Loss sense of community; mutual support
o Drives people apart
o “Anomie”too many competing norms

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School: University of Miami
Department: Social Science
Course: Juvenile Delinquency
Professor: Jan Sokol-Katz
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: sociology, juveniledelinquency, juvenile, and delinquency
Name: Juvenile Delinquency
Description: These notes cover lecture for week 4.
Uploaded: 02/10/2018
4 Pages 21 Views 16 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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