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CSU - PSY 100 - Midterm 1 Studyguide - Study Guide

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CSU - PSY 100 - Midterm 1 Studyguide - Study Guide

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background image Overview - Syllabus: Exams and Learning Curve
- Psychology’s Roots
- Psychology
Syllabus: Exams - Warm up exam – Monday 29 th  of January – 40 questions - 4 unit exams – 50 questions each - multiple choice – lowest exam  dropped - no make ups unless university sanctioned
- 1
st  major unit exam – February 14 th - Cumulative Final – 100 questions – unit 5 and other modules – student  ID - All modules have learning curve assignment
- Only 25 required, do more to study
- All learning curve are due at midnight night before the unit exam
- Predominantly textbook based exams
- Anything that is both in textbook and lecture as well as bold
background image Module 1
HISTORY AND SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY
EXAM QUESTION
Psychology has strong historical roots in biology and:
A – PHILOSOPHY
Psychology’s Roots: - Ancient explanations about mind and behavior largely spiritual
- Trepanation – drilling into the skull to release spirits and fix behavioral 
issues. - Pre-scientific method originated in India with the Buddha
- What would a pre-scientific method look like? – HYPOTHESIS, PLAN TO 
ANSWER IT - Buddha had an idea of how stress affected people Confucius : - Chinese philosopher
- People play a role in their own mental life
Hippocrates: - Humourism – need for balance – biggest contribution is:
- Nutrition – 4 substances
- Black Bile = Melancholy
- Yellow bile = Choleric (bad tempered)
- Red = sanguine (courageous, amorous)
- Blue = Phlegmatic (calm, cool)
- By changing diet you can change
Aristotle: - Heart
- What it is we study: perception, motivation, emotion, personality, 
learning, memory - How we incorporate scientific methods: observations and logic  inferences Buddhism, Chinese Philosophy and Greek Philosophy - Nature vs Nurture
- Body & mind: single or dualistic (Is there a spiritual component?)
- Importance of experiences
You can tell someone’s behavior but not their mental processes/motivations. Psychology’s Roots – 19 th  Century - Father of Psychology –  Wilhelm Wundt - December 1879 –  Germany University of Leipzig first psychology lab - How does the mind work?
background image - Reaction time – Consciousness/awareness takes longer than perception – drop it twice as fast when they didn’t think about the sound. - “Atoms of the mind”
- Atom – building block of life, smallest units of measurement
Edward Bradford Titchener - Structuralism  – Elements of consciousness  - Introspection – experimental self-observation – issue with people being  honest in the study (bias). Ability to analyze themselves. Week 2 William James: Functionalism : - Adaptive functions of the mind – Darwinism – adaptiveness
- How/Why
- Roles of consciousness and function
Mary Whiton Calkins  - First female psychologist
- Admitted to Harvard and Men quit the program, made it through all the
qualifications but denied PhD - Distinguished memory researcher
- 1
st  APA woman president 1905 Margaret Floy Washburn - First PhD in psychology to a woman – 1894 
- Admitted by Titchener (all male experimental Psy association, not 
admitted to the association) - 1 st  foreign study Wundt - The animal Mind – book studying animal behavior
- Second  female APA president in 1921
Francis Cecil Sumner - 1 st  African American PhD – 1920 - Studied refuting racism and bias in theories claiming inferiority of  African Americans - As a faculty and researcher, struggled to get funding
- Translated articles from German, French and Spanish
- Taught Kenneth B. Clark – Civil Rights Movement
Inez Prosser - First woman African American PhD (1933)
- Racial injustices and feelings of isolation have damaging effects on the 
psyche of Black children. - Died in car accident in 1934
background image PSYCHOLOGY 1920S+ Freudian Psychology - Early conflicts
- Unconscious processes
- Id, Ego, Superego
- Development and sexuality
Behaviorism  -  B.F Skinner 1904 -1990, John B. Watson 1878 – 1958  - Scientific study of human behavior
Observe and record behaviors as they are conditioned
- Major force through the 1960s
Humanistic Psychology - Influence of environment – Nurture OR LIMIT GROWTH POTENTIAL Contemporary Psychology: - cognitive revolution and cognitive psychology (1960s)
- perceive, process and remember information
- cognitive roots of disorders
Evolutionary Psychology and behavior genetics - Nature vs nurture Positive Psychology - Human flourishing and good life
- Cross cultural and gender
- Behaviors and attitudes vary, underlying processes do not
Biopsychosocial model: 3 main levels of analysis Biological Behavior or mental processes  Social-cultural Psychological Module 2 

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Lauren Bates
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Midterm 1 Studyguide
Description: Study guide for the first Midterm of Psychology
Uploaded: 02/10/2018
21 Pages 59 Views 47 Unlocks
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