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Temple - CJ 101 - Study Guide - Midterm

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Temple - CJ 101 - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image Criminal Law Study Guide – Exam 1 TERMS: Tort: an injury to a person or damage to a person’s property Civil law: differs from criminal law because when it comes to civil law, it protect the 
individual’s interest, not the public’s interest
Criminal law: protects the society’s interest Gross misdemeanor: criminals would serve a duration of half a month to a full year in 
Mala in se: crimes that are evil like rape or murder Mala prohibita: offenses that are not considered heinous. Felony: criminal serves a sentence of more than a year
a. Capital felony: when committed you are serving either life or receiving the death 
a. Retribution: “eye for an eye”
b. Deterrence: same concept as retribution however, this term has the intentions of  preventing recidivism  1. Celerity: how swiftly we are acting on the crime in terms of arrest and conviction  (it really isn’t deterring anyone if you are convicted in 2018 but do not have to 
serve any time until 2090)
2. General deterrence: deterring individuals by a grand example, someone getting  punished or fraud will make you think twice about doing it yourself 3. Specific deterrence: deterring a specific offender c. Rehabilitation: this concept sees perps as broken. Focusing more on healing that may  cause those who offend to begin with. d. Incapacitation: This concept’s logic is basically if you take all criminals and lock  them away, isolating them away from the public then there wont be any crimes. Dark figure of crime: underreported crimes Penal code: categories of crimes Summary offense: less serious then a misdemeanor Supremacy clause: federal gov has the final say, they can overrule any last say as long as 
they have jurisdiciton, therefore double jeopardy may not apply here.
Assets forfeiture: confiscating Determinate Sentencing: it’s a definite sentence that doesn’t need to be reviewed by a 
parole board
Mandatory minimum sent.: as defined, for certain crimes, there is a minimum that cannot 
be lowered for a particular crime if found guilty of it
Indeterminate sentence: enabling judges to set a range of years a person may have to 
serve for a crime: Like such and such may serve between 25­35 years

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School: Temple University
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: intro to cj
Professor: elena vilincia
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: Actus, reus, and punishment
Name: Exam 1 terms to study
Description: Knowing the terms well enough will help you apply knowledge to given situations
Uploaded: 02/11/2018
2 Pages 41 Views 32 Unlocks
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