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Chapter 10 Review1. Thomas and Chess's Temperament Theory: a. Temperament is described as being the natural behavioral and characteristic emotional response to situations.Thomas and Chess categorized most children as easy, difficult, and slow to warm up.2. Easy, difficult, and slow-to-warm-up children: a. Easy children (40%) generally display agreeable and relaxed behavior. A child that plays happily with others and seldom cries would be easy. Difficult children (10%) are more moody and reactive, like a child who cries and seems upset all the time. Slow-to-warm-up children (15%) need time to observe and adjust to new situations and environments. A child like this will need to warm up to others before feeling comfortable explore and play.3. Goodness of fit between temperament, parenting, and environmental setting. a. Having a goodness of fit is how well a child’s temperament is suited to their environment. 4. Erikson's eight stages of Psychosocial development: a. 1: Trust vs Mistrust (0-1): Babies learn to either trust or mistrust the person caring for them based how well their emotional and physical needs are met. b. 2: Autonomy vs Shame/Doubt (1-3): They will start to develop a sense if independence if the caregiver gives them the room to do so. c. 3: Initiative vs Guilt (3-6): They will either learn social responsibility and to initiate activities with others or they’ll feel guilty
d. 4: Industry vs Inferiority (6-12): The’ll develop new life skills and a sense of pride or feel inferior to others. e. 5: Identity vs Role Confusion (12-20): They will start to think about who they are and what they want their identity to be. If they don't figure it out, they'll experience role confusion f. 6: Intimacy vs Isolation (E Adulthood): They’ll seek to form intimacy and meaningful relationships with others. If not, they’ll experience isolation. g. 7: Generativity vs Stagnation (M Adulthood): If they don’t nurture the young and contribute to the community, they’ll feel stagnated. h. 8: Ego Integrity vs Despair (L Adulthood): They will reflect on their life and feel self-satisfaction and fulfillment. If not, then despair. 5. Describe the symptoms, possible causes, and treatments for ADHD. a. Symptoms:Inattention or impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Causes: Genetic heritability and prenatal exposure to smoking and alcohol. Treatments: It’s typically treated with Adderall and Ritalin as well as behavioral intervention. 6. Describe the symptoms, possible causes, and treatments for Autism. a. Symptoms: Difficulty with socializing and communicating with others, they will want to establish routine and show intense and restricted interests. Causes: It’s a heritable disorder. Treatment: operant conditioning or medication. 7. List and explain the seven principles that determine the ability of relationships to endure for the long term. a. 1: Enhance you Lovemaps: Knowing your partner almost as well as yourself b. 2: Nurturing Fondness: Both liking and respecting each other c. 3: Turn Towards each Other: Listening to one another
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