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UCLA - CHICANO 10 - CS10B Notes about migration and historical context

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UCLA - CHICANO 10 - CS10B Notes about migration and historical context

School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Chicana and Chicano Studies
Course: Introduction to Chicana/CHICANO Studies: Social Structure and Contemporary Conditions
Professor: L.j. Abrego
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: CS10B Notes about migration and historical context
Description: notes cover the context of migration and the effects on global economy
Uploaded: 02/14/2018
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background image Historical Context of Migration  
 
What are the global trends that force migration?  
- People do not just migrate for no reason   - People lose their family, language, culture, etc. so not easy move   - People leave as refugees     - 1965: Border industrialization program  - Border recently created by American expansion, with treaty of guadalupe 
creating border that “crossed people already living”  
- Citizens shipped to MX “operation wetback”   - Depending on what is happening on/with our economic/labor needs neighbors 
will either be narrated as heros or villians  
- “They want mexican labor without the mexicans”   - Free trade zone within   - US foreign countries opened by relaxed labor laws   - Incentivise all corporations to go there and live there   - No infrastructure just corporations (no environmental regulation, no affordable 
housing near by, etc)  
- Gateway to global assembly but   - 1970s: Debt Crisis and Structural Adjustment Policies   - 70-80s: Civil Wars in Central America   - US backed proxy wars   - 1992: North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)    
Global Economy  
- Expansion of economics beyond national borders, in particular, the expansion of 
production by transnational corporations to many countries around the world.  
- Global economy includes globalization of:   - Production: Global assembly line   - Finance   - Communications   - Labor Force  - “Race to the bottom” (cheaper and cheaper labor)   - Immigration   - We are a part of global economy. We are consumers.    
Maquilas  
- Foreign-owned assembly or export processing factory that benefits from entitlements 
such as paying no taxes, customs fees to the host country and
 relaxed regulation​:   - Relaxed labor laws and environmental/ health standards   - Companies import machinery and materials duty free and export finished products 
around the world. Known as twin plants, maquilas, in-bond industries  
background image - Over 1 million Mexicans, 80% women, mostly migrants   
Economic restructuring/sending countries:  
- Debt crisis   - Mx produced wealth with MX oil   - 1992 Such severe debt by countries so saps were created to may debt to 
western countries  
- Structural Adjustment Policies (saps)  - Instead of investing in social programs use money to pay debts   - Conversion to export-driven economies   - (lowered standard of living)   - Brain drain - migration of well-educated/ skilled labors   - Free trade (trade liberalization)   - Ex: NAFTA   - Includes privatization such as eliminating  ejido system   - ejido system:  ​peasant farmers could farm together (collective land where  multiple ppl could farm), people could produce on food. But lands were 
privatized. MX use to be able to plant corn, now its being exported by US 
GMO corn. The farmers could not afford to buy land.  
  NAFTA and FREE TRADE   - Maquilas were precursors of NAFTA    
Global Economic Restructuring  
- Set policies promoted by governments, corporations, financial institutions and 
economic elite to promote a particular model of economic development that of 
global capitalism. Current model described as neoliberalism.  
 
Neoliberalism  
- Free trade  - production for global market  - cuts in social service  - Deregulation  -  Privatization  -  growth in international financial markets and global financing institutions  - Internationalization of capital and labor  
*An economic philosophy*  
*goal of corporation is to make profit for stockholders not for general wealth*  
*ppl do not vote for what happens, world trade orgs make all decisions*  
 
1182: Chinese Exclusion Act  
- Nations first racist immigration law   1907: Gentleman’s agreement  

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School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Chicana and Chicano Studies
Course: Introduction to Chicana/CHICANO Studies: Social Structure and Contemporary Conditions
Professor: L.j. Abrego
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: CS10B Notes about migration and historical context
Description: notes cover the context of migration and the effects on global economy
Uploaded: 02/14/2018
5 Pages 32 Views 25 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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