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Virginia Tech - PSYCH 3014 - PSYC 3014: Mood disorders pt.2 - Class

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Virginia Tech - PSYCH 3014 - PSYC 3014: Mood disorders pt.2 - Class

School: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: JA Richey
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: bipolar, Disorder, and suicide
Name: PSYC 3014: Mood disorders pt.2
Description: These notes cover the last lecture and today's lecture on mood disorders like bipolar disorder and concerns with suicide.
Uploaded: 02/14/2018
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background image Mood disorders 2.12.18 Defining feature = extremes of emotion (affect)  Other symptoms or co­occurring disorders  Two key moods 1. Depression: feelings of extraordinary sadness
2. Mania: intense & unrealistic feelings of excitement & euphoria 
Types of mood disorders Unipolar depressive disorders: only depressive episodes Bipolar depressive disorders: manic and depressive episodes  Only manic episodes get a Bipolar I diagnosis. Don’t need depressive episodes Prevalence Lifetime prevalence of major depressive disorder is nearly 17%  12­month prevalence rates are nearly 7%  About twice as common in women than men – women more likely to report  Women access both hemispheres of the brain faster than brain  Lifetime prevalence for bipolar disorder is near 1%  Equal in schoolchildren (depression)  Bipolar more challenging to treat because mania seems better; rarely do they get treated for mania
on their own decision. 
Demographic Native Americans have relatively high rates of depression African americans have relatively low rates They seek help from different places ­ family US rates of unipolar depression inversely related to socioeconomic status  US has highest rates of mood disorders bc we created DSM and have most resources  Community is a big factor in mental health concerns America has poor ability to create communities  Unipolar depressive disorders MDD: a major depressive episode w/o having manic, hypomanic, or mixed episodes If you have a manic episode, no longer depression. Bipolar 1 or II Relapse and recurrence May begin at any point in lifespan, incidence rises during adolescence  May include additional symptoms (specifiers) 
background image Mood disorders 2.12.18 ^don’t need to know for an exam. Need to know major symptoms.  Mild to moderate version of depression:  persistent depressive disorder Persistently depressed mood most of the day for at least 2 years Intermittent normal moods occur briefly Lifetime prevalence of 2.5 to 6% Average during is 4­5 years Causes Biological: genetic influences, altered neurotransmitter activity, hormone & immune system 
regulation abnormalities, neuro­physical & neuroanatomical influences, sleep and biological 
rhythms, sex differences 
Psychological: stressful life events – independent vs dependent, vulnerability in response to 
stress. Risk related – personality & cognitive diatheses, early adversity 
Theorists Freud: unresolved problems from past or anger directed inwards Behaviorists: person unable to experience reinforcing stimulus  Cognitive model: treatment most effected with behaviorism and cognitive­therapy  Psychological causal factors Interpersonal effects:  Lack of social support/social skills Hostility and rejection from others Marital dissatisfaction  Cyclothymic disorder Analogous to PDD – two­year time frame Less severe than bipolar I or II Symptoms present for at least two years Lacking severe symptoms and psychotic features of bipolar disorder  If you have three, not enough to diagnose major depressive

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School: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: JA Richey
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: bipolar, Disorder, and suicide
Name: PSYC 3014: Mood disorders pt.2
Description: These notes cover the last lecture and today's lecture on mood disorders like bipolar disorder and concerns with suicide.
Uploaded: 02/14/2018
4 Pages 18 Views 14 Unlocks
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