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UK - His 104 - Class Notes - Week 5

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UK - His 104 - Class Notes - Week 5

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background image Shifting from Greek to Roman Life (week 4 lecture) 
 
● Between 800-500 BC= appearance of city states in rome similar to greek ones due to  greek influence   ● demos= democracy=rule of the masses  
● Republican theory looks back on rome and greece  
● History of rome: broken into 3 parts, separated by type of rule  
○ Monarchy: ends approx. 500 BC  
○ Republic: 500-27 
○ 27 onward: Empire  
● republic=lawful government contrast to greek world   ○ In a polis in greece, anything that was voted upon by the people was law   ■ “Voice of people is the highest law”  ○ For romans all political things were restrained because they were more protective  of their property and felt that politics should not be part of one’s private life   ● Romans didn’t have a constitution, but they had customs they followed  
● Rome in 500 bc:  
○ 30,000 people in total  
○ Very geographically small, not very different from city states  
● Five centuries later, rome is the dominating power, had 1 million people and could not be  governed same because its dynamic had changed.   ● Rome was very successful in warring  
● Augustus (one of the rulers) said he made peace, so he closed the temples, and the 
temples only really closed during times of peace   ○ They had constant warfare but they also had constant victories   ● Greeks didn’t let outsiders be citizens  
● In the polis, citizenship was determined by one’s family because if you were born to a 
citizen and could prove it, you were automatically a citizen, everyone knew everyone else   ● By the 4th century BC, romans let outsiders be citizens  
● Roman citizenship= more flexible, inherited but you could also be given it  
○ Made it more abstract, less about family   ● citizenship= possessing the rights of being a Roman  ○ Citizens had the right to a trial whereas non citizens did not, trial by jury  
○ They also didn’t have to pay taxes  
○ This way of life only came about after the addition of many citizens  
● The roman state was belligerent  
● The problem with the polis was that it was too small so the amount of land to be shared 
between citizens was small 

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School: University of Kentucky
Department: History
Course: European History Thru Mid 17 Cen
Professor: B. Holle
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: history
Name: his 104, week 5 notes (romans)
Description: roman life compared to greek life
Uploaded: 02/14/2018
2 Pages 14 Views 11 Unlocks
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