Log in to StudySoup

Forgot password? Reset password here

FSU - ARH 2100 - Class Notes - Week 2

Created by: Daniela G Capobianco Elite Notetaker

> > > > FSU - ARH 2100 - Class Notes - Week 2

FSU - ARH 2100 - Class Notes - Week 2

This preview shows pages 1 - 3 of a 7 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Introduction to Archaeology- Chapter 1: Meeting some real 
Outline  I. Introduction II. The Discovery of Deep Time III. A Brief History of Archaeology IV. Archaeology at Mid-Twentieth Century V. Archaeology in the Twenty-First Century VI. Conclusion: Archaeology’s Future Who is an archaeologist? a. Indiana Jones, Lara Croft, Hunter Ellis?
b. The media sensationalizes archaeology.
c. Real Archaeologists:
i. Document everything, ii. Work with notebooks, calipers, and state-of-the –art 
iii. Extract residue from stone tools, and date remains iv. Reconstruct ancient social and political 
organizations and 
v. Analyze remains to determine diet vi. Time Team America-series from PBS that follows 
real-life archaeologists
I. Introduction a. Artifacts-human made objects retrieved from sites that  are the primary source of information for archaeologists b. Archeologists “think from things
c. The best way to introduce archaeology is through its 
history d. Who was the first Archaeologists? i. Most historians list Nabonidus, the last king of the 
neo-Babylonian Empire as the “first archaeologist” 
ii. Nabonidus rebuilt temples of ancient Babylon and 
searched the foundations for inscriptions of earlier 
iii. “Nabonidus looked to the physical residues of 
antiquity-things- to answer questions about the 
iv. Scholars grappled with the idea of “the past” v. Middle Age-Europe recognized a remote past reified
through myth and legend, largely through the Bible
vi. During the Renaissance, Francesco Petrach 
proposed that the remote past was an ideal of 
perfection and he looked to antiquity for moral 
background image philosophy and he looked to antiquity for moral 
vii. Archaeology Alphabet soup BC-(“before Christ”): for instance, 3200BC; 
note that the letters follow the date
AD-(“anno Domini”): meaning “in the year of 
our Lord,” indicates a year that falls within  
the Christian era (that is, after the birth of 
Christ). Given the English translation, 
archaeologists place the “AD” before the 
numerical age-we say the Norman Invasion 
occurred in “AD 1066” rather than “1066 AD.”
The earliest AD date is AD 1; there is no AD 0 
because this year is denoted by 0 BC and 
double numbering is not allowed.
CE-(“Common Era”): Basically the same as 
AD, except that it is intended to avoid 
religious connotations or privilege.
BCE-(“before Common Era”): Basically the 
same as BC, but as CE, it avoids the religious 
BP-(“Before present”): most archaeologists 
prefer to use on age estimate (with AD 1950 
arbitrarily selected as zero point).
viii. Archaeology can be controversial People and leaders have used the past to 
justify their actions in the present, such that 
accounts of the past conflict with each other
Nazi Movement and Eugenics  The Society for Antiquaries, dissolved in 1614
and reformed in 1707, was the first of many 
British scholarly societies interested in the 
relevance of the past to the present
Antiquarianism With the goal to map, record, and preserve 
national treasures, members of Europe’s 
leisure classes considered an interest in 
classical antiquities to be an important 
ingredient in the “cultivation of taste.” 
II. The Discovery of Deep Time a) Up to the 18 th  Century, archaeological research proceeded  in accord with the tradition of Petrarch clarifying the 
picture of the classical civilizations of the Mediterranean. 
Lore at the time did not challenge the Christian 
Bible as an account of the world and humans .
background image b) Crude stone tools discovered in England and continental  Europe, along with bones of long-extinct mammals “prove 
the existence of very ancient man” (Jacques Boucher 
Crèvecoeur de Perthes, 1778-1868). 
c) Boucher de Perthes  Challenged the understanding that the age of the 
earth was no more than about 6000 years
James Ussher (1581-1656) creation on 
“tools” found by Boucher de Perthes were
meteorites , or produced by lightning elves 
or fairies
Charles Lyell.1863, The Geological Evidences of
the Antiquity of Man. 
Uniformitarianism-geological processes 
occurring today have always occurred on 
 Charles Darwin. 1859 On the Origin of Species Theory of Evolution and Natural 
d) British Archaeology   British Archaeology billowed out across two 
divergent courses:
One direction: Archaeology became 
involved with the problems of remote 
geological time and the demonstration of 
long-term human evolution
The other focused on: Classical 
the branch of archaeology 
that studies  the “classical studies,”  
particularly ancient Greece and Rome the 
Near East. (given prevalence due to those 
civilizations’ contributions to Western 
e)   Archaeology and Native Americans There was much controversy in the study and 
theories of Native Americans.
Investigators began to recognize the continuities 
between the prehistoric and historic populations 
of Native Americans. 
Thomas Jefferson  American scholars saw living Native Americans as
“living fossils,” relics of times long past .

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Florida State University
Department: Art History
Course: Introduction to Archaeology
Professor: Peres
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: IntroArchaeology and Intro to Archaeology
Name: Chapter 1 notes
Description: These notes are a combination of information from the powerpoints as well as my own personal notes.
Uploaded: 02/16/2018
7 Pages 80 Views 64 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FSU - ANT 2100 - Class Notes - Week 2
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here