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Texas A&M - CLAS 372 - Class Notes - Week 5

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Texas A&M - CLAS 372 - Class Notes - Week 5

School: Texas A&M University
Department: Classical Studies
Course: GREEK AND ROMAN EPIC
Professor: Bouxstein Hilary
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 5
Description: post test on monday the 12th
Uploaded: 02/16/2018
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background image Lecture 2/14/18 -the Hippocratic texts were not all written by the same person since they 
disagree on things like pathology
-Is medicine a science or a math? asks the books -pathology, diagnosis, treatment, anatomy, gynecology, embryology, and 
surgery
-the Hippocratic Corpus survived because of how they were viewed so 
importantly 
-evil spirits were the common thing to blame for illnesses -Epilepsy (“the sacred disease”) was the most common: Hippocrates posed 
that epilepsy had a natural cause
-although the diagnosis and treatment were both wrong, this advance 
forwards the stance of rationalism
-if one claimed to be a doctor, then he/she could be. Only needed to acquire 
patients. But it definitely helped if one went to school for it.
-Hippocratic medicine is a professionalized sort of medicine: needed 
scientific treatments and explanations for disease
-don’t treat hopeless cases, try to tell people the symptoms they’ve already 
experiencedideas of Hippocratic Medicine
-Pathologythe origin of disease -climate and regimen were viewed to have a large influence on disease -Greeks were “hardy and manly” while Asians were viewed as soft since Asia 
was temperate and Greece had 4 seasons
-Hippocrates says that there are 4 humors responsible for disease Lecture 2/16/18 -Galen writes voluminously about everything in Latin. Transfers the medical 
authority to the middle ages. 
-Limited knowledge about Anatomy because of religious beliefs of autopsies  -^Excepted Herophilus of Alexandria: practiced dissection and vivisection -Galen uses apes to dissect and learn anatomy but that doesn’t translate to 
human anatomy. Mistakes not fixed until the 16
th  century
background image -women believed to be inferior to men by nature -rationalist natural philosophy: four elements, four principles, four humors: 
lets make the data fit even if the evidence doesn’t back it up
-male bodies are stronger, drier, and harder -this comparison is called a dichotomy -affects medical practices: believed that women are spongy and collect 
moisture
-doctors believed that moisture had to be moved out of the body via 
menstruation
-sex and pregnancy are viewed to be fix alls -sex was to get rid of fluids and pregnancy was to stabilize the body -“wandering womb”: womb was thought to move around the body until it 
found sperm
-Hysterical suffocation:  -Aristotle believes that women are colder then men  -Galen says that women are less perfect than men because they are colder -Hippocratic recognizes the importance of surgery although they were 
normally lethal and there were no anesthetics 
-battlefield injuries were the drivers of surgery THE ORIGINS OF TRAGEDY -begins in the last 3 rd  of the 6 th  century BC -5 th  century BC is the most important place for poetry, and Athens is the  most important location -Aeschylus (6), Sophocles (7), and Euripides (18-19)surviving poets and 
their numbers of plays
-someone in the byzantine empire thought that these plays were worth 
recopying, and hence, they survived
-poetics by Aristotle: the origin of tragedy, what makes up one, and what 
makes them influentialOedipus Rex (the king) was held up to be the perfect 
tragedy
-generally the main character makes a terrible mistake

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School: Texas A&M University
Department: Classical Studies
Course: GREEK AND ROMAN EPIC
Professor: Bouxstein Hilary
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 5
Description: post test on monday the 12th
Uploaded: 02/16/2018
4 Pages 37 Views 29 Unlocks
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