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Texas A&M - CLAS 372 - Class Notes - Week 6

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Texas A&M - CLAS 372 - Class Notes - Week 6

School: Texas A&M University
Department: Classical Studies
Course: GREEK AND ROMAN EPIC
Professor: Bouxstein Hilary
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 6 Notes
Description: Greek music and hoplite warfare
Uploaded: 02/16/2018
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background image Lecture 2/19/18 *for next exam, know dates better* -Hippocratic medicine is a rationalistic approach to medicine, should be on 
final exam
-Socrates does not affectively dispose of Thrasymachus’s argument -Greek tragedy was part of RELIGIOUS celebrations: especially in the Greater 
City of Dionysia3 play writes have there plays selected, and perform 3 plays
and 1 satyr play
-Garland of victory goes to the winning tragic play write -Comedies were not put on in trilogies: Archon chooses 5, and each performs
-We have only have complete plays from Aristophanes  -Each tragedy involves mythology (except The Persians), comedy does not 
involve mythological plots. Instead, they used outstanding scenarios in a 
biting and direct way to make fun of current people.
-In these comedies, wealthy individuals in Athens were made fun of 
constantly
-Comedy was very harsh, critical, and sexually explicit -Aristophanes wrote around 30 but only 11 survived: targets Eurpidiees, 
Socrates, and Cleon
-Clouds was performed in 423 BC -Aristophanes goes back and writes in why he didn’t win first prize: suggests 
that not everyone in the audience cares for the rude portrayal of Socrates
-Rationalism implies skeptical attitude toward tradition -Socrates is not viewed by Plato as a sophist, but his technique of arguing is 
the same
-if one tears down arguments, but does not replace them with something, it 
can be said that they are promoting moral relativism
-a really good orator could take an extensively bad argument and make it 
seem like the better argument
-example of this is Hellen of Troy seeming like the best Greek woman ever -Protagoras was very famous for this sort of thing: “man is the measure of all
things”credited with making bad arguments good
background image -The rise of sophists is a key element of education in the 5 th  century: how to  win arguments by using trickery and speaking persuasively  -Anaxagoras: tries to make judgements about the natural universe, says that 
the sun is not a God, but a rock (maybe even as big as the Peloponnesus). 
Also says that thunder is the sound of clouds colliding
-Anaxagoras was tried for atheism  -Strepsiades can’t sleep because he is worried: worried because he is in 
debt, his son races horses
-pays on his debts every month so his son Pheidippides can buy horses. 
Wants to go to a school so he can learn how to argue with his creditors. 
Lecture 2/21/18 -Mycenaeans fought like Egyptian, Babylonians, and Persians: tons of 
skirmishers would surround men of high achievement and move around in 
large masses
-Chariot used as mobile platform for firing arrows  -New style of warfareWestern Style of Warfare -Hansen says that Hoplite warfare replaced traditional warfare -Hoplite armor specifically used for mass infantry shock tactics -Discipline was key to victory in the phalanx (and eventually the Roman 
Legion)
-a broad middle class participated in warfare, making up the Hoplite class -infantry dominated for a long time---mass infantry combat that is  -cavalry is present but mostly used for scouting -Hoplites agreed to fight devastating battles and therefore finish the war 
sooner (very brief, very terrible battles)makes sense for a very agrarian 
culture because farmers cannot afford to be gone forever
-When the Athenians decide to use the walls of their city instead of going out
to meet the spartans, we saw our first example of Siege
-armor of Hoplites was not practical for duels, suited for mass battles -farmers formed polis’s to protect their villages -Panoply: all armor or all weapons

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School: Texas A&M University
Department: Classical Studies
Course: GREEK AND ROMAN EPIC
Professor: Bouxstein Hilary
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Name: Week 6 Notes
Description: Greek music and hoplite warfare
Uploaded: 02/16/2018
4 Pages 40 Views 32 Unlocks
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