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UW - PSYCHOLOGY 2340 - Class Notes - Week 4

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UW - PSYCHOLOGY 2340 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image Abnormal Psychology 2340 University of Wyoming Week 4 Notes Assessment & Classification
Clinical Interview
Breadth depends on context; necessity of formal diagnosis MINI o Shorter than Structural Clinical Interviewed DSM 5 (SCID)
o Designed to be very brief
(120 Q’s & 18­20 min vs. >500 Q’s & 1­2 hours) 8.7+_ 11.6 mins was the researched value for time it took and 
one standard deviation
o Organized into Diagnostic Sections Uses branching tree logic with 2­4 initial Q’s per disorder Must have “2 initial symptoms” to have the disorder Ex. If Question A1 is yes, you can then ask A2 and so 
o Validation Study To make sure the MINI was just as effective as SCID 370 individuals (70 MDD, 47 Bipolar, 84 Anxiety, 55 
Psychotic, 52 Alcohol/Drug Addictions, 62 Normal 
Showed that SCID & MINI (both Structured Clinical 
Interviews) worked well
Reliability & Validity o Reliability “Consistence” Internal Consistency All items on survey should be correlated with each other, 
measure the same thing
background image o Exception: Trauma Screen – ask about different  experiences that could have happened that are not 
related to each other
Test­Retest Consistency over time Can be repeated with the same results o Ex. Intelligence, same over time, IQ test o Exception: mood (affect), will be different  constantly Inter­Rate Multiple trained people can give the test with the same 
o Ex. MINI test: when used on same patient, trained  professionals would come up with practically the 
same diagnosis
o Validity “Accuracy” Content Q’s that reflect content that it is trying to asses o Ex. Q’s about anxiety symptoms should all relate  to and be things a person with anxiety could 
Sweaty Hands Shaky Predictive Attempts to measure future performance o Ex. ACT, SAT, GRE, MCAT Concurrent Existing measures we want to improve on Develop a new measure that correlates/relates to the old 
o Ex. Aptitude of success in specific psych course    ­>performance in psychology major o GPA in psych course­>success in psych Construct Create measure
background image Broader pattern of association, should have sense of 
similar traits
o Should have + or – correlation Types of Clinical Assessments o Projectives (declining) o Rorschach Inkblots, what do you see? o TAT (Thematic Apperception Test) Shown an image, create a story behind it o Shown something prone to interpretation, answers “show” their  thoughts and issues Freudian Logic o Issues: May show something about patient but does not give  pathology or tell therapist correct pathology treatment directive Not reliable, not usually valid Usually more correlation to administer than to patient o Symptom Questionnaires o A literal check list of symptoms for patients to see if they are  diagnosable for condition o Ex. PCL (PTSD Check List), Depression o Objective/Empirical Personality Tests o MMPI­2 o Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory Lots of strange questions, 570 Q True False or N/A for answers o Validity scale Find if faking Lawsuit could have patient wanting to look worse Drug abusers wanting to look better than they are, 
custody battles, getting out of prison

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School: University of Wyoming
Department: Engineering
Course: Abnormal Psych
Professor: Matt Gray
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: pscyh, Psychology, abnormal psych, and Abnormal psychology
Name: Abnormal Psych Week 4 Notes
Description: Abnormal Psychology Week 4 Notes -Assessment & Classification -Clinical Interview -Reliability & Validity -Types of Clinical Assessments -DSM-5 END OF TEST 1 -Disorders of Childhood -Features of Normal Development
Uploaded: 02/17/2018
9 Pages 38 Views 30 Unlocks
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