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WMU / Psychology / PSY 1000 / Can stimulants cause depression?

Can stimulants cause depression?

Can stimulants cause depression?


School: Western Michigan University
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Ratkos
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology and Intro to Psychology
Cost: 50
Name: Study Guide Chapters 3, 4, and 5
Description: This study guide covers the information we learned during our Biopsychology lectures ranging from Chapter 3-5.
Uploaded: 02/18/2018
4 Pages 103 Views 2 Unlocks

1. The ____ transmit neurons and the ____ receives the neurons. a. Axon and myelin

Can stimulants cause depression?

b. Dendrites and axon

c. Axon and dendrites

2. What is the job of glial cells?

a. Insulate axons and electrical transmissions

b. Support neurons and clean damage in neurons

c. Release vesicles of neurotransmitters

3. An axon can very its strength of its action potential. a. True

b. False

4. What is brain plasticity?

5. An electrical polarization across the membrane of an axon is a. Excitation

b. Chemical signaling

c. Resting potential

d. The job of the dendrites

6. Stimulants cause

a. Depression, lethargy, sadness

b. Energy increase, alertness, arousal

c. Munchies, decreased pain, distort sense of time

What are the usual causes of color blindness?

7. Narcotics can cause

a. Stimulate endorphin synapse resulting in more pleasure than pain b. Decrease arousal We also discuss several other topics like What are the aspects of damage limitation in military?

c. Works as a reverse transmitter  

8. Explain the jobs of the following neurotransmitters:

a. Norepinephrine

b. Dopamine

c. Endorphins

9. Hallucinogens cause

a. Concentration of serotonin

b. Increased energy

c. Concentration of dopamine

10. Which of the following imaging technologies tracks electrodes? a. Position Emission Tomography (PET) Don't forget about the age old question of What is the difference between representative heuristic and availability heuristic

b. Electroencephalogram (EEG)

c. Magnet Resonance Imaging (MRI)

11. List the four parts of the brain

12. What causes color blindness?

How does the visual pathway look when we see a stimuli?

a. The lack of cone receptors  

b. The misfiring of rods

c. Dysfunction in the left hemisphere of the brain

13. What is the blind spot?

a. The spot in the retina where axons exit

b. The misfiring of cones

c. The misfiring of rod

14. Describe the visual pathway of how we see stimuli.

15. Trichromatic theory is

a. Color is based on response of three kinds of cones We also discuss several other topics like How do you calculate the enthalpy of a solution?

b. Color is based on three kinds of neurotransmitters

c. The waves we see are interpreted by three parts of the brain d. Sound is heard in three waves

16. What is the job of the olfactory pathway? What is different about  it?

17. The difference between rods and cones is

a. Rods view bright light with no color, cones view dim light with color b. Cones view bright light with color, rods view dim light with no color c. Cones view bright light with no color, rods view dim light with color 18. The vestibular sense is

a. The inner ear and how we hear

b. The sense of smell

c. Our sense of touch and how we feel with hair follicles d. Our sense of taste

19. The process in which previous information collected from a  previous study is applied to a current study.

a. Bottom-up

b. Top-down

20. The cutaneous sense is

a. The sense of smell and how it affects our thalamus If you want to learn more check out What are the elements of nonverbal communication?

b. Bodily sensation coming from skin

c. Our reaction to pain and pleasure between axons and dendrites 21. Developmental psychology is

a. The branch of psychology that studies the evolution of the human  species

b. The branch of psychology that studies patters and growth  throughout life

c. The branch of psychology that studies the personality and how it  develops

22. What is a sequential study?

a. A study that takes place over an extensive amount of time b. A study that examines people at different ages at the same time c. Neither

d. Both A and B

23. Which parenting style results in children being the most  antisocial?

a. Authoritative

b. Permissive

c. Authoritarian

d. Uninvolved

24. Who was it that focused more on emotional/social development? a. Erikson

b. Piaget

c. Fraud

d. Einstein  

25. Bereavement is ___ grief is ___

a. Our reaction to the loss of a loved one, the loss of a loved one b. Coping with the loss of a loved one, expressing your emotions c. Losing a loved one, our emotional response to the loss 26. List the stages of prenatal development

27. Schema is

a. A flaw in a child due to a bad environment Don't forget about the age old question of Why does frozen dew happen?

b. A way of interacting with objects

c. Something that causes us to react

d. Stereotypes based on Fraud’s theories

28. The wavelength we see is perceived as color, the amplitude is  perceived as brightness.

a. True  

b. False

29. What is the opponent process theory?

30. What determines depth perception?

a. Binocular and monocular cues

b. The distance between us and what we’re seeing

c. Previous knowledge of size and distance

Answer Key Don't forget about the age old question of What characterizes a fiduciary relationship?

1. C

2. B

3. B

4. The development of new neurons in response to  


5. C

6. B

7. A

8. A- Enhance emotional memory storage, B- Movement  and pleasure, C- Decrease pain and increase pleasure

9. A

10. B

11. Frontal (Primary Motor Cortex), Occipital (Visual),  

Parietal (Sensation), Temporal (Auditory)

12. A

13. A

14. Retina>Optic Nerve> Optic Chiasm> Optic Tract>  Thalamus> Occipital Lobe

15. A

16. We smell with the olfactory pathway, it’s different  

because the thalamus is not part of the pathway and  

our sense of smell goes straight to the frontal lobe.

17. B

18. A

19. B

20. B

21. B

22. D

23. D

24. A

25. C

26. Zygote, embryo, fetus

27. B

28. A

29. The existence of opposing visual channels or rods

30. A

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