Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

USC - EPI 410 - Class Notes - Week 1

Created by: Heather Whitney Elite Notetaker

USC - EPI 410 - Class Notes - Week 1

School: University of South Carolina
Department: EPID - Epidemiology
Course: Principles of Epidemiology
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Exam 1
Name: EPID 400
Description: Notes on Exam 1 Materials
Uploaded: 02/20/2018
This preview shows pages 1 - 3 of a 8 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Epidemiology Exam 1 Class One Notes What is public health? Prevention Population health Health improvement Promoting health and quality of life Public health is the science and art of: preventing disease, prolonging life, promoting health and 
efficiency through organized community efforts, so organizing these benefits to enable every 
citizen to realize his/her birthright of health and longevity
Medicine Public Health Focus on individual Focus on populations Emphasis on disease diagnosis/treatment for 
an individual 
patient Prevention of disease and health promotion 
for whole 
community Predominant emphasis on medical care Emphasis on intervention aimed at 
environment, behavior and lifestyle
Primary: prevention of initial development of disease: by a) eliminating cause or b) increasing 
resistance
Ex: nutrition, washing your hands, physical activity Secondary: early detection of existing  asymptomatic  disease to keep from becoming  symptomatic Ex: screenings (mammogram, colonoscopy, CT) Tertiary: reducing the social/physical impact of  symptomatic  disease (preventing death, prolong  survival)
background image Ex: medicine What is epidemiology? The study of disease How it is spread over a population The study of the distribution and determinants of diseases of health and diseases, morbidity, 
injuries, disability, and mortality in populations 
Study includes: Surveillance (distribution) Observation Analytic research (determinants) Experiments (randomized trials Distribution: Person, place and time Age: newborns and elderly Racial ethnic groups Geographic regions Determinants of disease: factors that brings about change in a health condition Biologic factors o Ex: bacteria, viruses Physical factors o Ex: Chemical exposures Social and cultural  Behavioral Epidemiology searches for association between determinants and health outcomes (risk 
factors/exposures/independent variables ­> dependent variables)
Aims of Epi Describe the health status of populations by enumerating the occurrence of disease Determine the causes Control the distribution of diseases in the population through prevention Key Points Population Distribution of health/disease Determinants of health/disease Applied: prevent disease
background image Epidemiology has been called the basic science of public health. Is a relatively new discipline, 
but with historical roots.
Endemic : the usual presence of a disease within a given geographic area or population, usual  level Epidemic : the occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness clearly in excess of  normal expectations Pandemic : worldwide or over a very wide area crossing international borders Emerging infectious diseases Zika: no vaccine or treatment Objectives/Uses Characterize the natural history of disease: how fatal, how long does it take to develop Planning for health care services delivery: trends, number of cases, future of disease in 
community
Determine the causes of disease (etiology): agents, host characteristics, environment, 
pathways to prevention
Evaluation of Public Health programs Public Health policy: promote health and prevent disease Class 2 Distribution of Disease: Person, Place, and Time Premise • Distributions of health and disease vary across populations • Important public health information can be obtained by characterizing the occurrence of  disease across populations Why is characterizing the occurrence of disease in populations important? 1. Describes extent of the public health problem 2. Identifies high­risk and low­risk populations: generate strategies for public health  intervention: who needs preventative intervention the most, how we allocate resources 3. Provides a basis for planning and evaluation of health services 4. Provides clues about disease, generating information for studies of the determinants of  disease (i.e., analytic studies) Approach: To determine how the occurrence of diseases vary across populations, the following 
questions provide a useful guide.  Does disease occurrence: person, place, time

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of South Carolina who use StudySoup to get ahead
8 Pages 33 Views 26 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of South Carolina who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of South Carolina
Department: EPID - Epidemiology
Course: Principles of Epidemiology
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Exam 1
Name: EPID 400
Description: Notes on Exam 1 Materials
Uploaded: 02/20/2018
8 Pages 33 Views 26 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to USC - EPI 410 - Class Notes - Week 1
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to USC - EPI 410 - Class Notes - Week 1

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here